Turning to a more extreme form of government as democracy broke down ––Europe between World War I and World War II seasoned a remarkable growth in the popularity of extreme right wing political parties explicitly Benito Mussolini’s Fascismo movement in Italy and Adolf Hitler’s Nazi faction in Germany. In Italy, the ascent of Fascism was habitually accredited to the failure of democratic government, Italian liberalism and a dread of Bolshevism after the Russian revolution of 1917. In spite of that, long before World War I and the threat of Bolshevism, Italian Fascism found support as violence and unrest had been commonplace on agricultural estates for peasant workers lived and worked in subhuman conditions. The failure of the Italian government to respond to such led to vast anti-government sentiment among the peasants which Fascists took advantage of by allying with industrial businesses and attacking workers and peasants in the name of upholding order and internal concord in Italy. Winning over enormous support from the angry and alienated, Mussolini’s fascist party appealed, promising them better treatment. Also, making promises to unite Italian society, Mussolini’s liberal Italian government of the early 20th century allowed class divisions in Italian society to grow which promoted his desire for Italy to become self-sufficient and self-determined.

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