Topic: EconomicsEconomic Development

Last updated: May 11, 2019

ThesisThe United States has the highest health expenditure per capita should be super healthy nation but were not and pays the same amount of money that could fund universal healthcare while not getting any of the benefit. We have the resources available to reduce pain and bring happiness to people that are suffering and the general well-being of the country should be the top priority of the nation. We are morally obligated to act in accordance with a certain set of principles and rules regardless of outcome especially in providing healthcare to all.

Background- Universal government-funded health care is a big topic in the United States and majority of Americans want some form of healthcare supplied by the government. One in three people in the U.S. struggle with medical bills, while insurance executives are raking in billion-dollar compensation packets.

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This inequitable market-based system — with its different and unequal insurance products, different and unequal prices for health services, and different and unequal access to doctors — is both unjust and unsustainable-(1). The economic and personal impact of medical debt can be devastating and many will file for bankruptcy because of high medical bills. Explain Theory 1 –Utilitarianism in simplest terms is when something is moral, or good when it produces the greatest amount of good for the greatest number of people. It focuses on human lives and says that those actions that make people happy are good. Something is good if it does more good than harm for a lot of people. In utilitarianism, this is called the greatest happiness principle, which states that a moral action is one that increases the total utility in the world.

Greatest happiness principle, holds that actions are right in proportion as they tend to promote happiness, wrong as they tend to produce the reverse of happiness. Happiness is intended pleasure and the absence of pain by unhappiness, pain, and the privation of pleasure. To do as you would be done by, and to love your neighbor as yourself would fit the utilitarian morality.Apply Theory 1 to your thesis -In the United States healthcare is a right or entitlement that the country should provide to its citizens. Healthcare carries with it the obligation to pay for it and all the members of this nation will have to foot the bill and by working together we can all have access to quality healthcare. For those who are in pain and don’t have the means to end their suffering will finally have a Healthcare which will bring happiness back into their life.

“The creed which accepts as the foundation of morals, Utility, or the Greatest-Happiness Principle, holds that actions are right in proportion as they tend to promote happiness, wrong as they tend to produce the reverse of happiness. By happiness is intended pleasure, and the absence of pain; by unhappiness, pain, and the privation of pleasure” ?John Stuart Mill, Utilitarianism. In 2015, the United States spent almost three times on healthcare as the average of other countries with comparable incomes, according to data from the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, also known as the OECD, a group of 35 countries, the majority of which have advanced economies, that work to promote economic development. And despite spending more, the results don’t necessarily yield better health. Both Italy and Britain, for example, spent at least $5,000 less per person than the United States on healthcare, and yet the population of each of those countries has a higher life expectancy at birth than the United States-(1).

The U.S. spends the most but isn’t the healthiest and has the resources available to provide all citizens with quality and fair healthcare. Universal healthcare will increase the general good in people and it will take the nation’s health into consideration as a whole instead certain peopleExplain Theory 2- Duty ethics-The deontological branch of ethics argues: “Do what duty indicates is ethically right.” Duty ethics hold that only actions performed out of (or from) duty have moral or ethical worth. We have a duty to do what’s ethically right and while the dignity and respect for others maintained. “Treat people as an end, and never as a means to an end” ? Immanuel Kant.

We have to take all into consideration because good only comes from good. Deontological theories hold that some acts are always wrong, even if the act leads to an admirable outcome and always judged independently of their outcome. Some acts might be bad but lead to a favorable outcome. People have a duty and a unique capacity for rationality. We act in accordance with and for the sake of moral law or duty. It’s all about human inclinations, emotions and consequences not playing a role moral action. The reason behind an action must be based on obligation and well thought out before the action takes place.

Apply Theory 2 -Autonomy is the freedom to make a decision based on what is morally right in a universal sense rather than self-interested concerns. It’s our duty to help preserve one’s life and to develop one’s abilities and talents by supplying healthcare which is a means to an end. Health is a necessary precondition for the fulfillment of both duties and a rational being is obligated to preserve, protect, and care for his or her own health.

Healthcare is complex ensures that virtually all people will need the services of others, and the expense of healthcare can exceed the resources even of those who are insured that’s why a just society has a moral duty to ensure access to healthcare for all of its citizens. This will promote happiness by increasing the overall health of people. Health has dignity, rather than value and can’t be treated as market good and universal healthcare will preserve life and develop one’s ability. Living a good and happy life free from sickness and disease is what we all want and Evaluate the approaches- Objector’s to universal healthcare argue that the cons from supplying healthcare to all will decrease to quality of the care.

This type of healthcare system often results in long wait times for patients, and not everyone will receive the type of care that they need. Universal healthcare will not be free since the government will need to generate funds to support it so it’s going to be the tax-payers footing the bill and it eliminates the free market for healthcare, where prices may be lower. This isn’t going to happen overnight it will take time to provide healthcare to all and there is going to be a learning curve and probably trial and error.

Implementing a single payer healthcare system will cause an increase in taxes, as the system needs to be paid for by anyone who is


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