There is no doubt that water, sanitation and hygiene are matters of survival, life and death throughout the human evolution historical. The abilities of access water, hygiene and sanitation are centre issue that human have to face and address as soon as possible. Governments play a central role in ensuring access to water, sanitation and hygiene, but this mission cannot be accomplished without private sectors. Thus, providing approach to fresh water is not any more as a charitable act, which is an element of corporate social responsibility (CSR) of companies. Additionally, companies, associations, groups can reinforce their corporate social responsibility policies and reasonable programmes, commit operation approaching the UN Sustainable Development Goals and accompany life-saving dirt-free water, appropriate toilets as well as superior hygiene to the globe’s low living standard. This paper will analyse the positive effect on economic and social communities of the implementation of CSR policy focus on assisting to access clean water, sanitation and hygiene.
Dalsgaard, Konradsen, Samuelsen and Rheinlander (2010, p. 994) doubt that “improving sanitation and hygiene to prevent infectious diseases is of high priority in developing countries”. In 1961, Ho Chi Minh was the president of Vietnam, who gave a phrase “maintain very good hygiene”to all schools in Vietnam and hygiene have placed a top community priority on government, businesses and population in all over Vietnam. In 1999, the national programme for countryside water and sanitation with a part of fund raised from many businesses and private companies focused on improving environmental health. Unfortunately, researchers were done by official shown that 71% of the eastern resident had no or below standard pit latrines and only eighteen percent had secured water supplies chain (Dalsgaard, Konradsen, Samuelsen and Rheinlander 2010, p. 995). This is because: living primarily in rural highlands and mountainous regions of Vietnam, low living standard, low incomes, lifestyles… Poor hygiene and sanitation lead to many health problems. Particularly, “the burden of hygiene-related diseases is also particularly high in the northern region with high levels of diarrhoea, helminth and trachoma infections”(Dalsgaard, Konradsen, Samuelsen and Rheinlander 2010, p. 995.). However, with the contribution of businesses’ corporate social responsibility (CSR) policies, goverment’s hygiene policies and lot of training hygiene advocates together made a positive change in hygiene and sanitation practices in rural area of northern Vietnam by constructing clean water supply chain, sanitation facilities, offering financial or hardware subsidies. As a result, the prevention of hygiene related diseases changed more effective by promoting hygiene behaviour. To illustrate, in 2015, the project “Mizuiku – We Love Clean Water” ( Mizuiku – Em yêu n??c s?ch) was held by the Suntory Group, Suntory PepsiCo Vietnam, which provided more opportunities for ethnic minorities to access clean water. https://hanoi.gov.vn/huong_toi_dai_hoi_dang/-/hn/FJNMlsYREDd4/3/2722511/2/trien-khai-du-an-mizuiku—em-yeu-nuoc-sach-tai-ha-noi.html;jsessionid=8a7Mq2Q0dpof9OO8XZdtZ7+e.app2 The World Health Organisation has assessed that acquire to fresh, safe water and sanitation could moderate the international infection burden by approximate 10% (Hall, N., Shannon, C. and Jagals, P. 2016, para 17), and largely contributes to reach that result belong to not only governments, but CSR useful policies of companies also take responsibilities.
It is true that widespread approach to water, sanitation and hygiene can be impossible reached if there is no support of companies via CSR policies. Moreover, one of the fundamental factors to business growth is the provision of clean water. Greig, H., Ha, M. and Traubel, S. (2015) researched that over a past decade, almost a quarter of more than 1,050 companies published that problems about water could minimize their business advancement. To comparison, Greig, H., Ha, M. and Traubel, S. (2015) indicated that The World Health Organisation has calculated that for each $1 spent on sanitation, the commercial advantages range from $3.10-$16.60 by maintaining people healthy and productive. As a result, there are decline absence without leave and the gross revenue of supply chain employers, increase in manufacture quality and efficiently, positive contributing to total economic development (Greig, H., Ha, M. and Traubel, S. 2015). Thus, to maximize benefits and minimize risks, investigate in CSR policies is a practical method for all companies.
In conclusion, implementing a CSR policy which encourages accessing water, sanitation and hygiene would be beneficial to the economy and community. A decrease in the burden of hygiene related diseases and increase in production quality and productivity are the two main benefits.
Hall, N., Shannon, C. and Jagals, P. 2016, ‘It’s a fallacy that all Australians have access to clean water, sanitation and hygiene’, The Conversation, 11 July, viewed 12 October 2018, https://theconversation.com/its-a-fallacy-that-all-australians-have-access-to-clean-water-sanitation-and-hygiene-61436
Greig, H., Ha, M. and Traubel, S. 2015, ‘Three reasons why businesses win by providing clean water, taps and toilets’, The Guardian, 9 September, viewed 12 October 2018, https://www.theguardian.com/sustainable-business/2015/sep/09/business-private-sector-water-sanitation-hygiene-developing-countries-wateraid-unilever-coca-cola
Rheinlander, T., Samuelsen, H., Dalsgaar, A. and Konradsen, F. 2010, ‘Hygiene and sanitation among ethnic minorities in Northern Vietnam: Does government promotion match community priorities?’, Social Science and Medicine, vol. 71, pp. 994-1001, https://ac.els-cdn.com/S0277953610004806/1-s2.0-S0277953610004806-main.pdf?_tid=ec0d60dd-0d53-41f7-9380-d84e2cf18f6d&acdnat=1539763703_e837106e95ceab0cc96f971899f6d170/doi:10.1016/j.socscimed.2010.06.014
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