There are researches represented models considered the deterioration rate or break-ability rate in the model as Abdullah, Najeeb (2018) proposed a model to determine the optimal size for a breakable item with a broken function for broken items with Weibull demand. Abdullah, Aniket developed the model for inventory with non-zero level.
Ate Allah, Mohammed (2014) assumed the back ordering and financial for deteriorating items. Giri, Dohi (2005) represented format as the exact formulation of the stochastic EMQ model for an unreliable production system. Chung, Liao (2006) proposed a model to obtain optimal ordering policy in a DCF analysis for deteriorating items when trade credit depends on the order quantity. Covert, Philip (1973) optimizes the EOQ by the represented model for items with Weibull distribution deterioration. Elasayed, Teresi (1983) developed the model for EOQ by analysis of inventory systems with deteriorating items.
Goyal, Giri (2001) used the technique of trends in the modeling of deteriorating inventory. Hill (1999) developed the optimal production and shipment policy for single-vendor single-buyer integrated production inventory problem. Lee, Hsu (2009) developed a two-warehouse production model for deteriorating inventory items with time-dependent demands. Lin, Kroll (2006) developed economic lot sizing for an imperfect production system subject to random breakdowns. Maity, Maity, Mondal, Maiti (2007) applied Chebyshev approximation for solving the optimal production inventory problem of deteriorating multi item. Swenseth, Godfrey (2002) developed incorporating transportation costs into inventory replenishment decisions. Wagner, Whithin (1958) developed a dynamic version of the economic lot size model.
Weiss, Rosenthal (2002) developed the model for optimal ordering policies when anticipating a disruption in supply or demand. Yang, Wee (2002) developed models for single-vendor and multiple-buyers production-inventory policy for a deteriorating item. In general, deterioration is defined as the decay, damage, spoilage, evaporation, and obsolescence of stored items and it results in decreasing usefulness, break-ability is defined as the broken items cannot use it under any circumstances the items, in this case, may have deterioration rate or break-ability or both at the same time. So that the management and holding of inventories of breakable and deteriorating items becomes an important problem for inventory managers.
In real-world problem, there are many items having deterioration and break-ability characteristics at same time as the eggs and blub and each items packed in can made from glass as medicines and milk which are packed in glass, some fruits as watermelon and nosier, olive, olive oil, these types of items require advanced model to manage the items have close validity with minimum risk of deterioration break-ability characteristics for industry to determine the optimal economic ordering quantity, optimal total cost of per unit in each those items. The proposed model concerned among all of the items especially eggs items as a sample of area study in the Republic of Yemen. All above-mentioned issues (deteriorating items, break-ability items, inflation and time value of money) are separately regarded in some inventory models.