The Tortoise and the Hare; a story passed down from generation to generation designed to teach people a single message which is that “slow and steady wins the race.” Other stories such as, “Little Red Riding Hood” and “The Boy Who Cried Wolf” are formatted and constructed in the same way. These tales all fall into the category of fables. Fables are short stories that teach a moral at the end of it and usually include talking animals within them. Lord of the Flies, a book written by William Golding, is about what happens to a group of schoolboys after getting stranded on an island with no adults accompanying them. Golding focuses on the main theme that all humans are born evil and that society is simply preventing us from carrying out purely evil actions. In John Peter’s article, “The Fables of William Golding,” he argues that the book should be considered a fable because of Golding’s straightforward storytelling and overly explicit theme. However, Peter’s reasons to categorize Lord of the Flies as a fable are inadequate because the book teaches a theme, not a moral and provides many other themes within the book as well.


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