Topic: Essays

Last updated: March 26, 2019

The tone in the second stanza begins with a happy and elegant mood as the author uses vocabulary. High and low modality is used throughout the poem. Modality is the force of words are delivered at, if the words are delivered forcefully this is called high modality, whereas if the words are delivered in a gentle manner then this is called low modality. Ae the beginning of the second stanza, high modality is used. This gives the reader a free and crazy feeling as the words give off a heavy vibe.
In the next paragraph, one more literary device will be spoken about.
The third device that Nichols used is language features: “Muffling muffling”, this time echoing the repetition of “Groggily groggily” and suggesting that there is a struggle to shut out one set of sounds in favor of another. Nichols uses the metaphor ‘crumpled pillow waves” to link to the ideas here back to the sounds and images of the sea at the beginning of the poem. The fact that the man ‘heaves’ himself out of bed gives the impression that he is unwilling to leave his dream of the Caribbean Island and face the reality of ‘Another London day’
Onomatopoeia- ‘The steady breaking and wombing’. This describes the sea as settling and then moving again. This may also imply that he feels left out and that he does not belong because every time he finds somewhere nice he has to move.
Taking everything into account, Grace Nichols has successfully written this poem for a person who has missed his home and feels alone in the world that he is living right at the very moment and the only way to make him happy is by going back to their homeland. She has shown this through the poem structure and figurative language, especially the use of metaphors and personification.


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