The term argument doesn’t necessarily mean there’s a heated disagreement between individuals. Logically, an argument refers to the combination of a person’s claim and the reason or reasons a person presents in support of that claim (Facione pg.89). To argue effectively, it’s important to have the ability to detect errors in reasoning in an argument both personally and professionally. The surface of the argument may seem valid but, deep down it could be deceptive and misleading. This can cause people to alter what to think or do in certain situations. Those types of arguments contain one or more fallacies. With knowledge of fallacies, you will be able to approach political, religious, and ethical issues with confidence.
Fallacies are deceptive arguments that appear to be logical and seem at times persuasive, but, upon closer analysis, fail to demonstrate their conclusions (Facione pg. 148). Fallacies come in all shapes and forms. They are found in things like social media feeds, magazine articles, television commercials, and newspapers. Fallacies can also come from the people you trust like doctors, politicians, religious leaders, and even family and friends. When a fallacy is used, a person is usually intent on making a point or persuading an audience. Therefore, recognizing them can increase your protection from becoming gullible to situations that may arise. Furthermore, differentiating between fallacious and worthy arguments can help individuals to think more critically, and gain confidence to challenge arguments. In political debates, have you ever wondered the purpose of attacking the opponent, instead of just answering the question at hand? What about the ads in magazines where the celebrity Jessica Simpson claims that proactive acne products work best? Even the simplest examples as described contain fallacies.

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