Topic: EconomicsEconomic Problems

Last updated: November 14, 2019

The first World War brought about historical developments that established the transcurrence of a moment in time where avarice, abhor, hostility and enmity will be the criteria for survival. The media and press were further influenced by this process, with their distorted and outright biased forms of indoctrination they help cement this position more intensely. There was likewise a distinct struggle for nationalism, one where people pushed for autonomy, due to all of this very facets to the explosion of a generalized war was foreseeable. While the First World War steamed from different principles, there were latent factors that would come to precede it. World War II was only a continuation of the earlier one, yet, it outclassed any previous notion of War with its concept of fire and maneuver and total war in the sky, as well as the global opposition of values of various individualistic forms of philosophy. Despite a world contract that gave jurisdiction to New Germany the imperfect mechanisms of an indiscreet democracy contributed to an actuality that could have been averted, suffice to mention the deficiency of a hypocritical liberal democracy to police the peace that it’s so promoted paved the road for the upsurge of fascism.On August one, 1914, Germany pronounced war on Russia, since it considered the Russian assembly a demonstration of war against Austria-Hungary whom it was Unified, once proclaimed War the Germans attack Belgium by Force Looking for a Brisk Triumph and embarrassment of France.

In February 1960, the Germans additionally release a fierce assault on Verdun, which brought about the passing of many French and British Armed Forces with no accomplishment for the assailants. All through the west and the East were the primary fight fronts ashore for Germany and the allies but this wasn’t the only ones. The maritime war in the first world war was fought by Germany and the allies, particularly Great Britain, who force a blockade on the central Empires, utilizing their extensive Royal Navy.

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Accordingly, the Germans, who had an essential Armada of , attempted to force an entire bar on these forces, to intercept the help of their provinces and to break the supply of course, this was a hazardous endeavor to safeguard their truth as Germany pronounce unrestricted submarine warfare driving the United States to Proclaim war on the central power comma because of the sinking of the Lusitania by Germany on May 7th, 1915. During this event, a hundred and twenty-eight Americans were killed producing a hostile inclination to Germany among Americans. It was the German Declaration of unrestricted submarine warfare together with the affirmation of Zimmerman wire and the end attempt to overcome the French at Verdun which caused a stream of anti-german feelings. With many liberal nations recuperating from the after War, a just peace had to be reached. The Treaty of Versailles itself wasn’t a cause but comparatively an excuse, it had many vindictive meanings eluding its legitimate purpose. To what extent the Treaty of Versaille could be considered too stern is not a dilemma, throughout the whole war Germany was the cause of a long chain of events and it is arguable that their participation and the actions that came to proceed them truly justified the sentence they received. After Germany underwent War it would involuntarily sign the Treaty of Versailles imposed by the European allies to bring about a resolution to the first world war.

After 1919, many months will ensue until a mutual concession was established, one that would determine how the victors will carry about development in a re-established Europe.The Treaty of Versailles was a formal negotiation proceeding that of the armistice, though it alone made Germany’s opprobrium seem less megalomaniac with the illusion that the Allied Forces were diplomatic upon principles and their conclusion to dismantle Germany of influence was for the better good. There were many contradicting outlooks what to do with Germany, and with the exclusion of both Russia and Germany, politicians such as David Lloyd George, George Clemenceau, Vittorio Orlando, and President Woodrow Wilson held it upon themselves to be the arbiters of the Democracy applied to the firm and Germany as a whole.

The fundamental justification of the Treaty of Versailles was to forestall another War by depriving Germany of its hegemony, but, it was, in fact, an inequitable policy rendering Germany useless against the capitulation and retribution of the Allied forces and their applications.France utilized this treaty to utterly humiliate Germany when they obligated them to sign the treaty at the Hall of Mirrors in the Palace of Versailles, France. This was an obvious form of French revanchism taking place to gratify their broken sense of nationalistic ego. With the Versailles treaty, a new type of hierarchy was implemented, no longer was Germany fighting for hegemonic power but for its existence. French revanchism was a result of the aftermath of the Franco-Prussian war, the annexation of countries such as Elsa’s and Lorraine gave roots to a deep sense of hatred and vengeance from the French as it signified humiliation at the hands of Germany.

Humiliation and the strong French revanchism only aided to further implement a deep loathing to German countries that was vented through a piece of paper once France declared its victory. In a 1921 excerpt from Andr? Tardieu’s The Truth about the Treaty, the deep hatred that the French held towards Germany was unveiled when Clameseu argues the following in Chapter 1, “In 1871, Germany had torn from us Alsace-Lorraine,the flesh of our flesh, two of the most French of the French provinces bound by every tie to all our past; two provinces which for centuries had given us, had given us, had given France-the oldest, most closely knit and most responsive of nations-generals and statesmen, men of science and of letters. Germany refused to heed the cry of despair st Borders by their representatives. By “Blood and Iron”, to quote Bismarck, she had sealed her victory and welded her unity with the rape of our provinces of which she made the Bulwark of her power at our very door.” despite Victory France continued to be hostile towards Germany as their wounds had yet to heal, even going as far as convicting them a rape to their country. The Treaty of Versailles exploited Germany as it was held culpable for the World War 1 and a substantial debt that had to be paid off by Germany something that was inconceivable because it had just endured the aftermath of War. All in all the Treaty of Versailles was the way in which France decided to unfairly play judge, they didn’t want peace they wanted to tear Germany piece by piece.

Of the three the most inveigle was Woodrow Wilson representing Liberal Democracy. Throughout the war the United States remained on the sidelines only choosing to step in when they deemed it proper to engage in war, their argument is a sense anti-intervention. Woodrow Wilson was always idealistic, he made promises but didn’t reform to actually accomplishing them. On January 8, 1918, Woodrow Wilson addressed Congress where he first proposed his 14-point program, from this points he would base his arguments during the negotiations in the Versailles conference. During the treaty of Versailles Woodrow Wilson made it his duty to be the answer to a world held peace, he envisioned a world where everyone was an international community, with his fourteen points he hoped to establish a peace for a democratic world. He partially supported Clemenceau, however, his main goal wasn’t Germany but rather the imposition of American influence.

He urged leaders from Great Britain and the other nations to join the League of Nations and reform to his constitution of peace.An example of how hollow Wilson’s delusion for peace truly was is when the armistice was concluded on November 11, 1918. The German government signed it in hopes that it was based on these fourteen points that Wilson had presented to Congress. In an excerpt from United States Department of State, Papers relating to the foreign relations of the United States, 1918. Supplement 1, The World War, Volume I (1918), p. 331., it is demonstrated how Germany opted that the armistice be negotiated, through a cabled message to Washington, Germany requested the following, “The German Government accepts, as a basis for the peace negotiations, the program laid down by the President of The United States in his message to Congress of January 8, 1918, and his address of September 27, 1918. In order to avoid further bloodshed the German Government requests to bring about the immediate conclusion of a general armistice on land, water, and in the air.

” Germany was willing to resort to peaceable means to ensure that a worn out Germany was able to see another day. The Europeans wanted a lasting peace and Woodrow ensured this, even Germany found some truth to his words specially in his speech in Rome, Italy on January 3, 1919 where he publicly announce that his goal was appointed to ensure a fellowship of the world and make sure that all the ethical powers that make for right and equity and freedom are joined together and are given an essential association to which the people will be happy to accept, this type of rhetoric exemplified how Wilson always held onto his self-made convictions. The peace reached the Treaty of Versailles was not the peace Wilson promised, this was neither just nor moral in any sense for Germany because the peace that was negotiated in the Treaty of Versailles was a victor’s terms to maintain peace in a Liberal Democracy justly to maintain order, and order was peace because it meant Liberal Democracy could order that peace. Wilson preached peace and unity but it is questionable to what extent he believed his own idealistic views, even if the circumstances leading to the war pointed to Germany being the culprit the implications of repayment upon Germany were severe and not even Wilson bothered to bat an eye towards this, seemingly being more engrossed in his own conviction. Wilson promised an equal peace on his fourteen points but this promised was long-lived. In an excerpt from History of Peace – Volume 2 WORLD PEACE EFFORTS SINCE GANDHI, by Sanderson Beck, vol.

2, Wilson states the following. “A people are responsible for the acts of their Government. If their Government purposes things that are wrong, they ought to take measures to see to it that that purpose is not executed.” Eventually, Wilson sided with Britain and France and placed all the blame on Germany.

Germany was betrayed, in the end, Wilson decided to appease with the other nations, his cause could be assumed to be based on ensuring that he could now establish the fourteen points, he betrayed the values that he preached before the Treaty of Versaille, he advocated for equality and yet this testament was relinquished the moment that Germany became an exemption. Woodrow Wilson was not realistic, just idealistic, he didn’t accept the world as it really was, the formation of The League of Nation was a manifestation of his idealism. His attempt to make a peace treaty that would rid the world of War was obviously very unrealistic but the League of Nation was formed to ensure that this vision became a reality. As a result of the Peace, Conference Wilson was able to integrate the Allied Forces in his cause, the goal of this intergovernmental organization was to prevent War through diplomacy making sure to settle disputes accordingly, to ensure a Global welfare and to disarm.

Wilson again made a promise that he didn’t fulfill, after the League of Nations was finalized the United States Congress decided that it would not join which weakened the League considerably. Still, with the absence of the original author, the League of Nations was adopted and its contributors decided to lead themselves with Wilson’s 14 points. The Treaty of Versaille was very controversial among Germany, it was the root of all hatred sparked due to the unfair restrictions it encompassed not just on it’s the economy and military but the style in which Germans lived their life. Germany hated the Treaty of Versailles for practical reasons, not only were they forced to sign in on the stance that if they failed to meet the requisites of the Allied forces they would face the end of their country, although, there wasn’t any real gain as they would be enslaved to the preconditions of its adversaries. Germany had to resign, being forced to take responsibility of war and be ruled by the Weimar republic constantly having to pay big debts because the other nations deemed it as a resolution for Germany to atone for its sins. The aftermath of War left Germany helpless to a justice imposed by the victors while continuing to retain any bit of pride it still had. The war guilt imposed on Germany led to reparation debts ultimately ending in the bankruptcy of a post-war German economy and The Weimar Republic that would be established in 1919. The treaty of Versailles agreed that Germany had to pay debts but also that it had to place heavy restrictions in order to avoid a future war, this means that involuntarily Germany would pay a price of $80 billion Reichsmarks, something that was unfeasible because its economy was still recuperating.

Germany was restricted from the ability to claim the sky with its air force, the inability to hold any submarines or tanks, as well as a limitation of 100,000 troops. The United States and those involved with the League of Nations all had an analogous Mode of Production so the moment that Germany resigned it had to be limited to accept the imposition of this kind of democratic authority. In this appliance, a mode of production works on the basis that something is secretly owned which is deemed as privatization and materials are not occupied by the action of the community, so individuals would work harder to achieve something. As the Industrial Revolution appeared at some stage in the Nineteenth century, it led upward to Free-Market Capitalism with the Laissez-faire ideology whereby; the government decided to abandon businesses as they are beside policies or regulations, hoping the financial system would turn out to be more advantageous and broaden over time. This mode of manufacturing was additionally based on the philosophy of survival of the fittest, the strong live on and vulnerable die, two surely this is the workings that led way for a wave of global imperialism for the sake of finding new support bases in the hope of growing profit, and expanding in a global scale, which is also acknowledged as Globalization, so Germany had to resign to these conditions, virtually Germany was enslaved to a liberal’s pursuits.

The constitutional Weimar Republic had the same type of government as the Allies, this arrangement was directly to allow the expansion of democracy and have further influence in Germany. In the Weimar Republic Suffrage was ceded to everybody over the age of 20 including women, this meant like any democratic government the German people could vote on two forms of the national government, every 7 years the public had the opportunity to vote who became president of the German Parliament the Reichstag. This Weimar Republic was similar to a Republic and the important job of appointing the charts about who ran the government under proposals by a majority vote, however, the Reichstag democracy did not guarantee harmony. There were numerous attempts of Revolution such as that of the Socialist Republic of Bavaria in 1920 led by Dr. Wolfgang Kapp. During this revolutions, the German Army refused to implement force because they public had a strong belief that Germany had lost due to political betrayal. The Socialist Republic of Bavaria and the 1920 Revolution led much dissension in the country, this did not help the German economy as it resulted in them failing to fulfill an annual payment to the Allied forces, in eventually the French wished to punish the Germans for this whereas the British were more sympathetic. French Revanchism and victor’s glory decided that the government would forcefully take the money, the French government felt the Germans would not pay them so without any regret they simply took the money.

On 1923 the French occupied a heavily industrialized German territory the Row as this was the mechanisms for Germany’s origin of property with the materials produced. Without any other way that German reparations could be paid they had to turn towards foreign currencies which were paid for by printing more paper marks, this created the hyperinflation. To repair relations with France American helped relieve some of Germany’s economic problems through foreign currencies which created a strong economic link between the two countries. Unfortunately, the Great Depression struck tanking the US economy down along with Germany. The Great Depression was a dramatic worldwide economic Calamity which started in 1929 and lasted until the late 30s most people believe it began with a US Stock Market collapse of October 1932 US Stocks were only worth 20% of what they were prior to the crisis and one year later almost half of all United States Banks had failed thanks had countries debilitated by the debt babe accumulated to the World War II and a sovereign debt crisis ultimately merged in Germany, for example, unemployment reached 25% and among other things this economic disaster led to Hitler elections first Nazi party becoming the top political actor after the 1932 elections worldwide. In 1923 another attempted revolution occurred in Munich led by Hitler when another nationalist politician refused to help Hitler, Hitler was arrested shortly afterward, it was in prison that Hitler composed his biography. When the Great Depression struck Germany, the people turned to different political parties to fix the problems, sometimes this was communist, whereas others placed their hopes on the National Socialist or Nazis. The Nazis were popular because they wish to disregard the Treaty of Versailles which many Germans considered insulting they also promised to limit any foreign involvement in Germany by limiting the rights and numbers of foreigners in Germany, another reason was people’s anger with the continuing economic crisis which they were desperate to end was promised to be dissolved, after a series of Elections led to a massive increase in the number of seats held by the Nazis, Hitler would ultimately become governor of Germany.

The Treaty of Versaille could have been formed under different values but it shared the same European mindset of other nations, maintaining a nationalist and bigoted ideology of the world. European Nationalism and its intricate resolution to reach new heights and proclaim some type of prominence influenced more than policy, the Treaty of Versailles promised peace but you can’t impose peace, Germany was a scapegoat and throughout the Great Depression it was forced to drop from its knees to a point where its dignity had become friends with the concrete. It was expected that it would look for any type of hope and it came in the face of Hitler, Hitler helped mend a broken ego and it helped Germany back to its feet, Democracy advocates peace, because peace is justice and this was a defective argument since judging right and wrong is simple human subjectivity, Hitler only tried to freed Germany from it’s chains because it recognized injustice. Justice isn’t right or wrong its understanding and peace is abstaining from judgment, The Treaty wasn’t justice or peace, it was just an example of what has always been the inability of humans to retain innocence because we let self-regard blind the fact that we all fundamentally equal.


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