The cuban missile crisis began in October 1962, it was a time when the two super powers of the world almost came close to nuclear war from tensions spanning from the cold war following the failed bay of pigs invasion 1961. Fidel Castro was in alliance with the U.S began to make links with the soviet union sparking the bay of pigs invasion. Following the failed invasion by the Kennedy administration premier Nikita Khrushchev reached a secret agreement with Cuban premier Fidel Castro to place Soviet ballistic missiles in Cuba to deter any further U.S aggression similar to the missiles the U.S had placed in Turkey and Italy incase of a soviet invasion. Nikita Khrushchev assumed that the united states would take no steps in the prevention of the installation is these missiles but the U.S was worried any of these missiles could hit much of the eastern united states within minutes. The missiles were secretly shipped the Cuba and construction to make them operational begun. President John F. Kennedy was not fond of this and said “is offensive weapons were sent to Cuba greatest issues would arise”. In July 1661 the soviet union had begun shipping missiles over to Cuba and on October 1961 U.S U2 spy planes flying over the island photographed the construction of ballistic missiles launch zones. After learning this information Kennedy meat in secret with his advisers as well as the CIA and EXCOM. In this meeting three solutions were proposed to resolve the epidemic. The first to do nothing and live with the situation The second To form a blockade and prevent the continuing shipping of missiles from the soviet union to the island. The third to launch military action in which targeted strikes on missile sites to an all-out invasion of the island would take place. After close analogy that invasion would not be adequate and would only result in Soviet retaliation as the soviets would rather use their nuclear missiles then loose them. Kennedy decided in intervene and constrict a “quarantine” as he called it rather then a blockade as a blockade states that a state of war existed. Naval ships surrounded the island to prevent further shipment of Soviet missiles. It kept the U.S in control and wasn’t the most aggressive of things do to. The U.S also demanded that the missiles already on the island to be dismantled or sent back to the Soviet Union. On October 22 Kennedy announced the crises and stated that U.S forces would seize “offensive weapons and associated matériel” and also ordered the Strategic Air Command (SAC) into Defense Condition 3 (DEFCON 3) and two days later upped it to DEFCON 2, only one step short of nuclear war. He continues to directly address Khrushchev saying if any missile is launched agents any nation in the western hemisphere as an attack on the United States and would require a full retaliatory response upon the soviet union. The world sat and watched uncomfortably wondering how bad the circus actually was. No one was quite sure how Khrushchev would react to this blockade but tensions did rises between the two superpowers as they edged closer to nuclear war as communications between Kennedy and Khrushchev stated. A publicly agreed to a deal in which the Soviets would dismantle the weapon sites in exchange for a pledge from the United States not to invade Cuba was put forward. Khrushchev responded with a letter of his own demanding the removal of U.S Jupiter missiles from Turkey. On the same day a U.S spy plane was shot down by forces in Cuba. Kennedy was prepared to fledge an attack onto the island but opted to search for any other diplomatic resolutions. A top secret meeting between the U.S and Soviet Union was organised in which both sides agreed to the already pre established demands. Although the Soviets removed their missiles from Cuba, they escalated the building of their military arsenal; the missile crisis was over, the arms race was not. This crisis lead to the establishment of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty in 1968 which states that the super powers promised to not supply nuclear technology to other counties. The Cuban missile crisis marked a direct and dangerous conflict between the United states and the Soviet Union during the cold war. The crisis spired through communications and miss-communications between the Soviet Union and the United States in which consequently almost lead to the two superpowers coming close to a nuclear war and world war three but both parties did not want to tighten the knot of war and came to an agreement.
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