Types of Magma 1.Felsic magma is the

Types of Magma 1.Felsic magma is the sort that’s rich in feldspar and silica (quartz). As opposed to mafic magma, which is rich in magnesium and iron (Fe to chemists). Felsic magma used to be called ‘acid’. It is pale grey or pinky-grey in color. It derives from a melt of continental (rather than oceanic) crust. 2.Intermediate magma most commonly transforms into andesite due to the transfer of heat…

Results This signature is found in Sulphur in the Archean before about 2

Results This signature is found in Sulphur in the Archean before about 2.5 Ga ago. Farquhar’s discovery shows that there was a process taking place in the Archean which carried materials from earths surface to the mantle to the depth of diamond formation which is over 100 kilometers. One such process is subduction. (Rollinson, H., 2007. When did plate tectonics begin? Geology Today, 23(5), pp.190.)…

When did plate Tectonics Begin

When did plate Tectonics Begin? ABSTRACT The Isua complex was calculated to be in operation 0.7-0.8 G. yr. after the formation of the Earth. (Komiya, T., Maruyama, S., Masuda, T., Nohda, S., Hayashi, M. and Okamoto, K., 1999. Plate tectonics at 3.8–3.7 Ga: field evidence from the Isua accretionary complex, southern West Greenland. The Journal of Geology, 107(5), pp.515-554.) Signature Sulphur isotopes were recorded to…

Petroleum is a naturally occurring

Petroleum is a naturally occurring, yellow-to-black liquid found in geological formations beneath the Earth’s surface. It is commonly refined into various types of fuels. Components of petroleum are separated using a technique called fractional distillation i.e. separation of a liquid mixture into fractions differing in boiling point by means of distillation, typically using a fractionating column. It consists of hydrocarbons of various molecular weights and…

Examine how the ‘mutual climatic range’ method

Examine how the ‘mutual climatic range’ method, and its recent developments, is used to reconstruct past temperatures. The Mutual Climatic Range (MCR) method is used in the reconstruction of the palaeoclimatic conditions of geographical areas based on the assumption that if the present climate extent of an indicator species is known, then fossil analogues of that species will have had the same tolerance range and…

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