Running head: ROBOTICS IN HEALTHCARE 1 The Implications of Robotics in Healthcare Michelle C. D’Amato SON WRITE COURSE WRITE COURSE TEAM AbstractWith technology constantly evolving, healthcare professionals must look at advantages available to aid in the needs of the population at hand. In this paper, we will discuss important factors surrounding healthcare today, including the advantages and disadvantages of robots in the healthcare setting; specifically, the elderly. We will look at two journal articles and one website posting that will focus on robots to assist in a healthcare or home setting, whether it be telemedicine, in aid of caregiving staff, or robots to assist with activities of daily living. The Implications of Robotics in HealthcareIntroductionIt is no secret that the majority of healthcare is focused on the needs of the elderly.
As the baby boomers continue to age, we as a healthcare system are forced to create techniques to keep this aging population as independent as possible. One study indicates that “in most societies negative consequences of aging both mentally and physically can make everyday tasks more challenging. Because of this, elderly individuals will seek care from others in their social environment, or by public or private institutions” (Bedaf et al., 2014, P.445).
This puts the use of robots to assist elderly with a real and tangible possibility. However, just because we have the technology available, does it make it safe for the aging individual to remain at home without the assistance of a caregiver? We will explore both advantages and disadvantages of robotic use to assist elderly patients. The Advantages of Robots in HealthcareIn a website Article published by The Medical Futurist (2016) “In situations where patients are in remote areas or need help right away, telemedicine makes it possible to have high-quality consultations at home to determine and assist in immediate action” (Para. 5). This is especially helpful to the aging population as they can keep their appointments without having to drive or arrange a ride. As these patients remain at home “assistive robots can be used for monitoring, fall prevention and emergency calls while reducing stress and burden of a full-time caregiver” (Grimard ; Lehoux, 2018, p.333).
In the study completed by Bedaf et al. (2014) “Both caregivers and elderly had positive feedback and fifty percent of home care recipients would prefer the availability of a robot with one of the major advantages being their availability to be there all day long” (p. 331). Where Robots Cannot Help with Healthcare Needs Although advanced “robots have a lack of emotion and inability to provide kinship” (Grimard ; Lehoux, 2014, p.
334). Emotional needs can be just as important as physical needs, and this is a large factor to consider when obtaining a robot for full-time care. Other members in the same study by Grimard and Lehoux (2014) “were worried about their cognitive ability since they would have everything done for them” (p.334). In another study by Bedaf et al.
(2014) “bathing and showering requires physical exertion, and force; therefore, assistive robots might not be suitable in a person who needs dependent care of those tasks” (p.451). ConclusionAfter review of both studies and research on assistive robots, we can deduce that robots improve the opportunity to provide high-quality competent care to our elderly population through telemedicine and assisting in activities of daily living. More more research will need to be completed to see how much strength and movement different assistive robots can support as well as the long-term effects of emotional health on patients that are homebound. By doing this, we will be able to construct better data on how robots can assist alone and in conjunction with caregivers. This will then increase external validity to a larger, more well-rounded population when completed. ReferencesBedaf, S., Gelderblom, G.
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(2014). Which activities threaten independent living of elderly when becoming problematic: Inspiration for meaningful service robot functionality. Disability and Rehabilitation: Assistive Technology,9(6), 445-452. doi:10.3109/17483107.2013.
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When robots care: Public deliberations on how technology and humans may support independent living for older adults. Social Science ; Medicine,211, 330-337. doi:10.1016/j.
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Retrieved September 09, 2018, from https://medicalfuturist.com/robotics-healthcare