Question 1
(a) Explain the purpose and the functions of HRM, applicable to workforce planning and resourcing an organization.
Purpose of Human Resources Management
• Human Resources Management is responsibilities for managing the people within an organization.
• Human resources management is the development and implementation of system in an organization designed to attract, develop and retain a high-performing workforces.
• Human resources management is to generate and retain the right quality and right quantity to contend the workforce in order to achieve the organizational goal.
• Essentially, the purpose of human resources management is to maximize the productivity of an organization and optimize the effectiveness of its employees.

Function of Human Resources Management
i. Staffing
• Staffing is the process of obtaining and maintaining the capable and competent employees in various positions at all level.
• Staffing include planning, job analysis, recruitment, selection, hiring, induction.
• Human resources planning include job design which planning the future personnel needs and deciding the job duties and responsibilities.
• Job analysis include job description which described the performance standard, skill required and responsibilities towards the job whereas job specification describe the requirement of the person for a specific job such as experience, education qualification, skill and other.

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ii. Rewards
• Reward system is design to encourage employee cooperation and commitment.
• Practice include job evaluation, performance appraisal and benefits.
• Compensation is to inspire the employees to give their best to the organization through intrinsic and extrinsic rewards.
• Compensation include wages and salaries, incentive, bonus to employees.

iii. Employee development
• Employee development is the process of training to improve and change the skill, ability and knowledge of the employees.
• It include employee training, employee development and career development.
• Training help the employee in acquiring better skill and performance for their job.
• Employee development such as soft-skill training, communication training, technology training and other.

iv. Employee maintenance
• Employee maintenance is the process to retain and motivate the productive employees in the organization.
• Human resources management have to ensure the safety, health and welfare policy for the employee.
• Such as medical, education, retirement, loan and canteen facilities and other
• It is aim to increase the satisfaction levels of the employees.

v. Employee relations
• It aim to deal with employees in the organizational context as a social group which contribute to the organization.
• It include increase employee productivity, satisfaction of employee and build the skill of employees.
• It help to maintain the good relationship between employer and employees.

(b) Explain the strengths and weaknesses of different approaches to recruitment and selection.
Recruitment
• Recruitment is the process of finding and attract a pool of the capable candidate to join the organization.
• It deter the unsuitable candidate from applying the job.
• It also include internal and external sources for recruitment.
Strengths of recruitment
• Internal recruitment is cheaper and quicker to recruit because there are no induction needed.
• External recruitment can avoid inbreeding as larger pool of workers for which to find the best candidate.

Weaknesses pf recruitment
• Internal recruitment may face the problem of limit number of potential candidate, so it difficult to find the right candidate to handle the job.
• External recruitment may need more cost to make the advertisement and interview for the applicants, it may increase the expenses of the organization.

Selection
• Selection is the process of ascertaining the qualified experience, ability and skill to apply the job.
• There have external and internal factor which will affecting the selection.
• The method of selection such as interviews, tests and other.
Strengths of selection
• The manager can select the candidate in determine the experience and education for the position need so the right person can be select.
• The selection test can help the manager to choose the people which fulfil the qualification towards the job.
• It also can minimize the cost for recruit the wrong person through the selection as the manager will choose the best candidate for the job.

Weaknesses of selection
• The manager may have discrimination of gender or religion for the candidate which will cause wrongly recruitment for the job.
• It also take many time to identify and select the right candidate for the job and more time to waiting the respond from candidate.
• It also have possible to have the wrong selection as the interview only verbal and there have the chance for candidate to cheat when interview.

(c) Assess how the functions of HRM can provide talents and skills appropriate to fulfil business objectives.
Staffing Objective
• Human resources department aim to ensure the business is fully staffed and able to fulfil the human resources need of an organization.
• The human resources department is responsible in to hiring, training, motivating and maintaining the employees in the organization.
• It also important to recruit and job replacement the right person in the specific job to achieve the organization goal and objective.

Performance Objective
• Human resources department have to ensure all the human resources in the organization fully motivation and energetic to performance in their workforce.
• Human resources manager also need to make sure the employees have maximize performance in their workforce by giving incentive, promotion and rewards.
• Human resources department also can giving training to employees to increase their productivity, skill and talent on their current job.

(d) Evaluate the strengths and weakness of different approaches to recruitment and selection.
Internal recruitment
• Internal recruitment that the job are given to the employees that already employed in the business.
• The strengths of internal recruitment are saving cost of training as the business already give the orientation and training towards the employees.
• It also can increase the motivation of the employees through promotion for the employee to the high position.
• The employees also can increase the loyalty with the organization as they have the chance to changing the position in certain period of time.
• The weaknesses of internal recruitment are the employees may not have skill and knowledge in the workforce, it may cause difficult to find the suitable people to replace the job.
• It also may create resentment among the employees and manager as manager will felt uncomfortable for losing the good team members.

External recruitment
• External recruitment is the method of hiring people from the outside of the organization.
• The strengths of external recruitment is it will give the new idea and new knowledge of technology to the organization which will able the organization to compete with their competitor.
• It also create the opportunity to find the more experience, high qualified and more professional candidate that will help the organization meet diversity requirement.
• The weaknesses of external disadvantages are decrease the employees’ morale as the current employees may feel less the chance of promotion in the organization.
• New candidate may have limit understanding about the organization, it will cause them doing the thing conflict with the organization activities and mission.

Selection
• Selection is the process to whereby the organization decided to make the job offer to the candidate and acceptance of the candidate.
• The strengths of selection is the management may have more information to know the qualification of the candidate by giving the test such as psychometric test to know the strengths and weaknesses of the candidate
• The weaknesses of selection is the management may wrongly select as there have the bias issue happening in selection process.

(e) Critically evaluate the strengths and weakness of different approaches to recruitment and selection, supported by specific examples.
• Munchy’s is the snack food manufacture which is established in 1991 in Batu Pahat, Johor, Malaysia.
• Munchy’s have many branch such as Singapore, Thailand and Indonesia.
• Munchy’s have many position such as branch manager, sales executive, human resources manager, secretory, financial executive, supply chain executive and other.
• Recruitment process of Munchy’s will through Internet, newspaper and other.
• They will posted the job vacancy with the job description and requirement need for the job.
• If the candidate interest towards the job, they will need the personal information and ask the question to know the suitable position for the candidate.
• For example, a candidate apply the marketing people, they may require the candidate to have the good communication skill and negotiation skill.
• Munchy’s also provide some benefit to attract the candidate such as medical, dental and sport.
• Manchy’s also provide staff training and development programmes to their employees to improve their skill and knowledge and maximum their personal and professional growth.
• Munchy’s sometime will use internal recruitment by giving the promotion for the employees to the higher position.
• But it is also got weakness when recruit the no qualified candidate as the candidate lie and cheat in the interview process that cause the management felt the candidate is suitable for the job.
Lastly, Munchy’s might important the external recruitment because the employees require more experience and high qualified in

QUESTION 1
(a) Can it be said that ownership is an “unrestricted right”
The ownership cannot out rightly be considered to be an unrestricted right. This can be curbed by law as well as the rights of other legal subjects.

The limitations imposed by law refer to statutory limitations, neighbour law principles and the limitations imposed by the limited real rights of third parties can be in the form of personal servitude which are limited real right such as the existence of the mortgage as well the personal rights in the form of creditor’s rights or other third parties such as right created by an agreement.

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(b) What does the entitlement “to burden” ones property entail? Give one practical example of this entitlement. (2)
Property that belongs to someone may at their option be burdened by granting limited real rights to other people. In doing this the owner would have limited himself certain rights over the property that he owns and should enjoy privileges for being the owner. Such burdening can be in the form of pledges or mortgages with these before the owner can do on the property the pledge holder or the mortgage holder must be informed or should give permission.

(c) Briefly discuss the meaning of original acquisition of ownership and derivative acquisition of ownership. Do not mention examples in your answer.

Original methods
This refers to a situation where ownership is acquired whilst there is no cooperation from a predecessor owner such that the transaction took place without transfer of ownership taking place properly.

The acquisition of this nature is not constrained to things that belong to no one (res nullius). In cases of accession, prescription and expropriation the thing is actually owned by another, but the transfer of ownership has not taken place. Acquisition occurs despite the fact that the thing has been held by another.

Derivative method
With regard to the derivative method of acquiring ownership occurs when there is cooperation of the predecessor at the time when the successor is in the process of securing ownership of the thing. The transferee will have derived the right from the previous owner. The predecessor would have been the owner who had the capacity transfer ownership by law. This is guided by the maxim nemo plus iuris in alium transferre potest quam ipse haberet which means that no-one can transfer rights to another person, which he does not have.
What is also important as well is that the rights that are transferred have advantages and disadvantages attached to them.

QUESTION 2
In Study Unit 6 we define the rei vindicatio as a real action with which an owner can claim his/her thing from whoever is in control of it unlawfully. In Study Unit 9 we define the spoliation remedy as a summary remedy issued upon urgent application aimed at restoring control of a thing to the applicant from whom it was taken by means of unlawful self-help, without investigating the merits of the original rights of the parties to control the thing.
In view of this, read Nino Bonino v De Lange (1906 TS 120) which concerned the spoliation remedy.
Summarise the Innes CJ’s judgment under the following headings:
Facts of the case.
It was brought in the court that the fundamental principle is that there is no man who is permitted to take the law into his own hands. There is no person who may dispossess another either forcibly or wrongfully such that this is against his consent of the possession of property whether movable or immovable. It is therefore important to note that if someone was to be involved in this practice the court will precipitately restore the status quo ante. This the court will do as a preliminary to any enquiry or investigation into the merits of the dispute. It was not necessary for any authority to be cited in this regard as the principle is clear.

Legal question (What is the legal question that the case dealt with?)
Would it be correct for the lessor to insert a clause in a lease contract that would give the lessor the right, in certain situations to cancel the lease and preclude the lessee and occupants from accessing the premises exacerbated by the fact that such action would be without the law having to be resorted to.
Would it be confirmed that violence or fraud are not essential elements of an act of spoliation provided the deprivation is effected illegally.
The legal question would be was the applicant in possession of the thing and he was that particular unlawfully disposed of it such that the court should assist in ensuring with its restoration.

Ratio decidendi Briefly discuss the court’s reasons for its decision (ratio decidendi)
By its nature mandament van spolie is a legal remedy which has the objective of protecting the interest of the members of the community in a unique manner. This is terms of preventing members of the community who may be correctly aggrieved from participating in in a despicable behaviour of coming with a self-help scheme such there may be an unacceptable breach of peace.
Against this background the lessor was aggrieved by the fact that the conduct of the lessee had annoyed him such that he would correctly want to take back his property by cancelling the lease. This however was done in the manner which was unacceptable as the lessor went over board by preventing the lessor from entering the property before proper procedures were followed. The clause that they inserted giving the lessee the power to recall the lease with having the court adjudicating or even mediating over the matter was unacceptable since the lessee then became the judge over his own matter which would been against the law.in granting the remedy it had the ratio decidendi that such operation in the process of doing business would be such that the community would by characterised by unending conflict resulting from lessor who are aggrieved and lessee who may be subject to non-procedural methods of recouping property held under lease in form of self-help that may destroy the relationship. The spoliation order therefore serves rid off of these practices and the court’s reasons for its decision is therefore appropriate in preserving the rights of leases without referring to the unlawfulness or any form controls put attached by the parties without consent of authority
Judgment (Give a brief summary of the outcome of the decision)
The law should not allow a man to take the law into his own hands.

The law should not allow that someone should to take out of the possession of another, who is unwilling to yield it up.

The correct approach in which a person who has problem over an issue and seek remedy or which to enforce his rights is to do it through the courts.

Clause 18 in the lease contract in this this case could not be arguable and was not allowed to affect the rights of the parties.as it is an agreement whereby two parties agree that one of can perform an them can act in such a manner that the law should not allow to be performed. This the court saw to be contrary to the public policy and the court could not enforce.

The concern that the court had was that circumstances relating to this clause was more likely to lead to a breach of the peace as there would be barricading of entrances against the will of another and would prompt him to resort to force in order to gain access and on the contrary the law would not have allowed an individual to be a judge in his own case. The applicant’s contention was upheld, the law applicable to the matter was impeccably distinct, this was without any scepticism a case of spoliation, and therefore the appeal was granted.

I, Titus Legodi, Student Number: 0592 547 9_ understand that the University of South Africa regards breaches of academic integrity and plagiarism as grave and serious.
I confirm and declare that:
1. I have read and understood the Unisa Academic Integrity and Plagiarism Policy.
2. I accept the penalties that may be imposed should I engage in practice or practices that breach this policy
3. This assignment, or any part of it, has not been previously submitted by me or any other person for assessment on this or any other course of study.
4. This material, which I now submit for assessment, is entirely my own work and has not been taken from the work of others save and to the extent that such work has been cited and acknowledged within the text of my work.
5. I have identified and included the source of all facts, ideas, opinions, viewpoints of others in the assignment references. Direct quotations, paraphrasing, discussion of ideas from books, journal articles, internet sources, module text, or any other source whatsoever are acknowledged and the sources cited are identified in the assignment references.
.
Signed at _BLOEMFONTEIN on the 27 October 2017
Signature: _______________________

Question #1: Why do you send plaintext emails? HTML emails allow for images, more formatting options, and better tracking.
I use plaintext emails for one major reason: accessibility.

Plaintext emails will render properly regardless of which email tool or browser people use.
A lot of campers are visually impaired or completely blind. They rely on screen readers so that they can listen to the contents of the email. Plaintext emails work best with screen readers.
A lot of campers are in parts of the world where internet access is limited or prohibitively expensive. Plaintext emails are very data efficient?—?often only a few kilobytes.
Question #2: If you’re busy running the freeCodeCamp.org community, how do you find time to read/watch/listen to all of these resources?
I spend a lot of time reading. Aside from playing with my kids, it’s my main hobby.

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I listen to podcasts and watch videos on 2x speed, which saves time. And I usually do this when I go for runs each morning?—?during which I wouldn’t be able to work, anyway.

Also, a lot of the resources I share are created by developers within the freeCodeCamp community, and I get to help edit many of them myself.

Question #3: I’ve heard about your emails, but how can I sign up to start receiving it each week?
Go to freeCodeCamp.org and create an account real quick. All we ask for is your email address. Then you’ll start getting my weekly emails.

An archive of my past emails (in reverse chronological order)
February 8, 2018
1. Here are 330 Ivy League courses you can take online right now for free (browseable list): https://fcc.im/2C6En8m

2. 3 years ago I was just a 30-something teacher coding in his closet. But yesterday, the IRS granted freeCodeCamp Tax Exempt status. And freeCodeCamp is now a public charity. As a result, every donation you’ve ever made to freeCodeCamp is now tax deductible. Here’s what all this means for you and for the global freeCodeCamp community (3 minute read): https://fcc.im/2BjNVjJ

3. If you’re considering freelancing or creating a startup, this is a must-watch. My friend Luke Ciciliano?—?who does freelance web development for law firms?—?will walk you through the best way to set up your US business for tax purposes (21 minute watch): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AtIB_3_DZUk

Bonus: Elvis was “just a village boy from Nigeria who had nothing but a dream and a Nokia J2ME feature phone.” Today, he’s a 19 year old Android developer who has worked on over 50 apps and currently works for an MIT startup. On this week’s episode of the freeCodeCamp Podcast, I tell his inspiring story of how he built apps using nothing more than his feature phone (15 minute listen): https://fcc.im/2EdyvMb

January 31, 2018
1. Learn how you can code your own chat room app using React, Redux, Redux-Saga, and Web Sockets in this free in-depth YouTube tutorial (85 minute watch): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=x_fHXt9V3zQ

2. How to manage your taxes as a freelance developer or startup (7 minute read): https://fcc.im/2BKOYp4

3. Want to build apps using blockchain and smart contracts? This in-depth guide will help you get started (21 minute read): https://fcc.im/2nuzrFZ

Bonus: Here are 440 free online programming and computer science courses you can start in February (browsable list): https://fcc.im/2DR0rVY

January 25, 2018
1. My friend just launched a free full-length CSS Flexbox course where you can build responsive websites interactively in your browser (5 minute read): https://fcc.im/2E5INyK

2. A 5-minute intro to Color Theory: how to combine colors and set the mood of your designs (5 minute read): https://fcc.im/2nasXe6

2. How you can build your own VR headset for $100 (3 minute read): https://fcc.im/2ncIiuC

Bonus: 5 years ago, Ken was a college dropout who woke up every day at 4 a.m. to drive a forklift. He taught himself to code and kick-started his career by convincing a local web development company to hire him. In this week’s episode of The freeCodeCamp Podcast, Ken shares his advice on how to go from a hobbyist to a professional developer (15 minute listen, also on iTunes and Google Play): https://fcc.im/2FfGpoH

January 18, 2018
1. These CSS naming tips will save you hours of debugging (7 minute read): https://fcc.im/2mNUFNw

2. CSS Flexbox basics explained in just 5 minutes (5 minute read): https://fcc.im/2FR1DtW

3. We just published a free video course on how to build your own iOS flashcard app using React Native, from setup to animations. All four videos are now live on freeCodeCamp’s YouTube channel (4 hour watch in total): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_b6F0KiFpG8

Bonus: How not to bomb your job offer negotiation: part two of Haseeb Qureshi’s tips that helped him negotiate a $250,000 starting package when he got his first developer job at Airbnb. This episode of The freeCodeCamp Podcast can help you increase your starting salary by thousands of dollars (34 minute listen, also on iTunes and Google Play): https://fcc.im/2rk69Ow

January 11, 2018
1. Here are some stories from 300 developers who got their first tech job in their 30s, 40s, and 50s (4 minute read): https://fcc.im/2miUtWv

2. HTTPS explained with carrier pigeons (5 minute read): https://fcc.im/2D0Infc

3. How we recreated Amazon Go in 36 hours (7 minute read): https://fcc.im/2qUlgOv

Bonus: If you’re actively looking for a developer job in the new year, this is a must-listen. Hasseeb Qureshi is famous for negotiating a $250,000 starting compensation package when he accepted his first developer job at Airbnb in San Francisco. In this new episode of the freeCodeCamp Podcast, Hasseeb shares negotiation tips you can use to increase your starting salary by thousands?—?and in some cases?—?tens of thousands of dollars (27 minute listen, also on iTunes and Google Play): https://fcc.im/2D3sANt

January 4, 2018
1. Some lessons I learned from 7 self-taught coders who now work as professional software developers (6 minute read): https://fcc.im/2CF6S2a

2. Don’t do it at runtime. Do it at design time (4 minute read): https://fcc.im/2CRUpVE

3. Next Level Accessibility: 5 ways Scott made the freeCodeCamp Guide more usable for people with disabilities (7 minute read): https://fcc.im/2EPTeqk

Bonus: Here are 600 free online programming and computer science courses you can start in January (browsable list): https://fcc.im/2CztEbq

December 28, 2017
Here are this week’s three links that are worth your time:

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