PHILIPPINE CHRISTIAN UNIVERSITY
Name: Analyn Pasion
Course: General Psychology
Professor: Ms. Loralyn De Luna
1.Which is more important, nature or nurture?
They are both important, because they have different factors from both different ways, nature and nurture that has contribute the development of certain traits. But genetic variation is only half the story. Environmental influences are important too, and we now know that our environments can interact with our genetic makeup, in ways that can be good and bad for our health.
One of the most striking findings. Even though our DNA sequence remains the same, the impact our genes have on us can alter with age and with the different environments we experience. Epigenetics, where the environment can change the expression of a gene without changing DNA, is only a small part of a whole field, looking at changes in heritability due to interactions between genes and environment. The challenge now is to try and understand what in the environment can create these geographically distributed effects, because for this analysis at least, we know that genetic differences cannot explain these differing patterns.
The debate centers on the relative contributions of genetic inheritance and environmental factors to human development. People who take the position that all or most behaviors and characteristics are the result of inheritance are known as nativists. Everything that are all of our knowledge is determined by our experience. People who take the position that all or most behaviors and characteristics are the result of learning are known as empiricists. Both nature (meaning our genes) and nurture (the environment we grow up in) are known to significantly affect traits like our height and weight, our IQ, and our chance of developing behavioral problems or autism. But how strong environmental factors are in determining each characteristic, compared with the influence of DNA, differs significantly across the country. A new series of “nature-nurture” revealed that some areas are “environmental hotspots” for particular traits, but in other places the same attribute is mainly governed by genetics.
2. Do physical test such as IQ and personality tests work for every individual? Do you think it’s advantageous to take such tests? Are there disadvantages?
Personality tests typically measure the personality dimensions of the person extroversion, emotional stability, agreeableness, conscientiousness, and openness to experience, however body language, tone voice, previous experience and future goals should all be taken into
person. While IQ test have seen as limited in their measurement of emotional qualities of a person which all know that there is the advantage and disadvantage about them.
The advantages are if taken before the interview, personality tests help in narrowing the selection of candidate as it gives insight into the characters of the person and helps employers decide which respondents should be invited. personality tests usually detect interpersonal characteristic that may be required.
The disadvantages, applicants answer personality tests based on pleasing the interviewer or by what is socially acceptable, which discredit the test. There could be a lack of diversity in the workforce if all employees have the same traits.
Dark Core of PersonalityThe Pressing Need for Everyone to Quiet Their EgosReview of The Hope Circuit: A Psychologist’s Journey from Helplessness to Optimism3.Some scientists consider some behavior on social media as a disorder such as posting to much relationship status and selfies. Do you agree or disagree? Why?
‘Selfitis’ is a genuine mental condition and people who feel compelled to continually post pictures of themselves on social media is they have some behavior and I agree with that when u posted most of the time on social media, people do that to make people know what they have done or doing more often. The funniest thing is they edited their photos to look better and different looks in person. But when you take and posting photos on social media not often as a remembrance is not a matter.
The term is to describe obsessive selfie-taking in a spoof news story which suggested the American Psychiatric Association was considering classifying it as a disorder.
They have now confirmed the ‘selfitis’ does indeed exist and have even developed a ‘Selfitis Scale’ which can be used to assess its severity.
4.What your thought on pseudo psychology? (at least 50 words)
The pseudo psychology they claim to predict our future and predict our futures, Pseudo means false. And there no proof that they are real as psychologist. They just earning money in easy way and make people believe them, Rather than to proponents their system are warry to anybody to challenge them. Inability of Pseudo Psychology. This is the tendency of the system that to regard a personal information as absolutely correct even if the statement is general in one.
5. Write a short essay answering the question ”who am I” Taking into the account the Self Concept Perspective of Psychology. (at least 150 words.)
This question – asked so often – suggests that there is actually a plausible answer. Almost as if our being were a fixed thing. People who ask this sort of question are typically struggling with their identity and are searching for a core sense of themselves. The irony is that the more you seek to identify who you are, the more fragile you are likely to feel about yourself. There may be an inverse correlation between the question being asked and the ease with which you experience your life.
Our identity should be seen as an ongoing process. Rather than a static snapshot, we should embrace a flowing sense of self, whereby we are perpetually re-framing, re-organizing, re-thinking and re-considering ourselves. How different would life be if rather than asking who am I, we contemplated how we’d like to engage life?
A sense of inadequacy often informs the question around “Who am I?” As people engage the deepening complexity of understanding themselves, they would fare much better to devote themselves to the unfolding process of life. Witnessing our thoughts, not reacting out of old habit, and becoming present enable us to better craft our lives. As such, the identity that we seek fires the wave of life, enriched by them.
It makes perfect sense to seek a deeper sense of self. To become intimately aware of your thoughts, feelings, hopes and fears is obviously advisable. The key is to engage your sense of self as malleable, more like a willow tree than a sturdy oak. The willow is flexible and survives the storm as it bends with the wind, whereas the more rigid oak is more likely to crack.
The goal then is to access that potential, keeping the parts of our identity that continue to serve us well and shedding the old, habitual pieces that constrain us. This process is known as positive disintegration. This permits us to find balance between the extremes previously discussed and enter into a relationship with self that commits to our personal evolution.
Bandura, A. Ross, D., ; Ross, S. A. Transmission of aggression through the imitation of aggressive models. Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology. 1961;63, 575-582.Chomsky, N. Aspects of the Theory of Syntax. MIT Press; 1965.
Allport, G. (1961). Pattern and growth in personality. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston.
Campbell, J. D., Chew, B., ; Scratchley, L. S. (1991). Cognitive and emotional reactions to daily events: The effects of self-esteem and self-complexity. Journal of Personality, 59, 473–505.