Perception is the process by which people connect to the surroundings and environment.
It depends on the state of mind, role etc becuase it is a sense making process and so they can response appropriately.
Perceptual distortion is defined as a distortion that occurs when a person’s response varies from how it is usually perceived by others.
We observe many people commit errors due to this wrong perceptions and in turn reults in making wrong decisions.This has to be avoided as much as possible.
Some of the types of distortions are as follows:
1.stereotyping
2.halo effects
3.selective perception
4.projection

1. stereotyping: This is basically an idea about certain type of a person on the basis of the membership to a particularly large group. People
come to conclusions and make judgments without even knowing them. This is very common and also highly resistant to change once it is formed.
Examples of Stereotyping are:
He is from Japan so he must know so much about Tokyo.