One of the biggest challenges that the international relations could face was about how substantial issues could be understood in the globalized world. Steve Smith in his book ‘International Relations Theories’ examines the concept of international relations by deep research and fascinating drawing of the international relations. Smith illustrated that the “theories are like different coloured lenses: if you put one of them in front of your eyes, you will see things differently” (Smith, Kurki and Dunne, 2016: 11). Based on this, there are various currents within the international relations theories, with each a different point of view on the Syrian conflict.
Realism approaches a different perspective than constructivism do.