Nowadays, people are living in an age of the technology. By the cause of this technology era, the needs of people grow fast to meet their satisfaction. Biometrics based Student Event Attendance Monitoring Kiosk is a system that meets the needs of the SSG organization by processing easier. In present, the Carlos Hilado Memorial State College-Talisay are still using a manual process of checking the attendance every event such as social bash, intramurals, intercampus and other official events. Attendance is very important to every student because of the requirements needed to comply in school. This system is intended to develop because some attendance sheet is lost and others have no validity. Every semester the SSG organization are producing an attendance sheet to be used for the whole semester’s events. Due to the lack of manpower in the organization, the process of having an attendance is very hassled and time-consuming in every student. The present process is having a problem in security since the attendance sheet has no validity, many of students are not attending but their attendance is filled out this lead to the researcher to develop an electronic attendance with the use the technology of fingerprint scanner.
This focuses on developing a Biometrics based Student Event Attendance Monitoring Kiosk that will fasten the process of registering an attendance in every event in the campus. The system automates the manual process of the SSG officer in stamping and signing the attendance sheet of the student. In addition, the system can be used for tracking the absences of the student. Thus, every end of the semester the student will go to SSG office for the signing of clearance purposes and determine their sanctions to comply. The system allows personnel to generate reports and the results of absences of every student. The system is only accessible by authorized users for security purposes and it has a single database that securely stores the student records. The proposed system does not available online and developed using MsAccess and C#.

Nowadays, spending 45 minutes or even up to two hours to get to work in the city and back is no longer unusual for those living outside the city, except during school holidays.

This situation is due to many factors. One of the factors is too many vehicles in one time, especially during peak hours (Ir Chin Kah Ting). This is the major factor that lead to traffic congestion as the population in KK is increasing year by year, which mean the car ownership also increasing. (Kalvin Liaw, The Borneo Post). The increase in vehicles ownership is the reflection of residents in KK’s improving affordability (The Borneo Post, December 2016). Together with surrounding district of Penampang, Papar, Putatan and Tuaran with a population close to 1,000,000, Kota Kinabalu has been experiencing rapid development within the last 20 years. (Daily Express, March 2015). Residents in KK has to face the jammed to get to work, sending off their children to school, to get to the university or even to get to the shopping mall. The residents have to spend their time longer on the road and sometimes when the traffic is worse than the usual, they tend to be late to get to their destination.

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Previously, the Kota Kinabalu city Hall (DBKK) Traffic and Public Transport Department has constructed few flyovers at important road junction to reduce traffic congestion. Two of the flyovers was at the Jalan Lintas-Kolam and Jalan Lintas-Mile 5 Tuaran by-pass intersection (The Star Online, December 2016). However, the flyovers only reduce the congestion along the flyovers as it will put all the cars in one particular road at the end of the flyovers and the congestion will begin again.

Nowadays, we live in a society that obsessed with beauty. From the moment each of us sets foot on this earth to the day we die, we are taught by the culture around us that beauty means lives happily ever after, while the hideous witch or ogre is doomed to meet a grisly end. We grow older and the princesses of our bedtime stories make way for shimmering Hollywood stars and carefully made-up models in magazines. The message, however, remains the same which is “beauty is everything”. But as we strive for this indefinable perfection, we must ask ourselves what it truly means to have beauty and how much we are willing to sacrifice to obtain it. With all the big brand releasing their much anticipated products and some of them not being available in our countries, we tend to trust online shopping but is this safer? Shopping for cheap designer cosmetics might put you at risk and with social media playing a big role in this, many of these products are fake and more alarming could leave you with bad side effects. The beauty industry is exploding and with the youth trying to keep up with their beauty idols and catch up with trends, many are taking short cuts. These unregulated fakes can contain a lot of unregulated dangerous ingredients that we don’t know of and can cause massive damage.

Firstly, issues that dependably show up are about the purpose behind utilizing restorative that can influence the skin. The impact to the skin by utilizing restorative is one of the desires that fluctuate for the corrective client itself. The significance of restorative is normally to look more excellent and be sure. It likewise assumes a major job in the production of a picture or being adequate to other people (DeLong and Bye, 1990). In an in the interim, corrective use gives a huge effect to the skin of clients that come in great outcome and ineffectual outcome. As per (Rodda, 2004) an excellence advisor, he uncovered that a considerable measure of items in the market are unforgiving on the skin. Additionally, without utilizing a right insurance when utilizing restorative item, it can prompt influencing the skin to be more touchy. The skin will go on guarded, believing that it is being assaulted. Numerous individuals say they have touchy skin since skincare items, or family unit items that contact their skin, cause stinging, consuming, redness, or snugness. For the most part, individuals are worried about the condition on the skin and not pondering the impact to the skin. Restorative as an item that will guarantee the progressions on the skin ends up being greatly requested item that fills the role of satisfying human needs. Restorative use and the fixings in the corrective item assumes essential job in wellbeing. A recent report by Substance Safe Skincare Exploration found that the normal lady utilizes 12 toiletries for each day, in total containing up to 175 unique synthetic compounds. Since 60 percent of items connected to the skin are assimilated into the body, the normal lady ingests five pounds of synthetic concoctions every year through her beautifying agents. Numerous items available are not sheltered and powerful, including one of each eight high-SPF sunscreens that does not shield from UVA radiation as specified by (EWG, 2007).

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Second, the sale of counterfeit cosmetics affects brands. Surely at some point in our life we have bought or at least thought about buying something that was not the real deal. They spend millions of dollars promoting their brand and doing all the right things with innovation and product development, only to have somebody create a substandard product with false branding. The loyal following created by heritage and start-up cosmetics brands alike have consumers seeking all avenues to get their hands on the latest products. Those seeking the enormously popular Kylie Cosmetic Lip Kits are undoubtedly barraged with deals from traditionally trustworthy channels. There are presently over 300 results on Amazon for Kylie Cosmetics, while the brand clearly states on their website that these products are sold exclusively on the company’s website. Looking at the reviews of these products, you’ll find comments stating that the products smell like gasoline or that the product caused their lips to burn or stick together. Third-party ecommerce retailers are having trouble preventing counterfeit products being sold on their sites, so manufacturers will need to step in to help. While manufacturers are doing their best to protect their consumers from dangerous knock-offs and their own brand equity from the effect these horror stories have on their business, consumers should not rely on 3rd-party retailers to guard against counterfeit product. These 3rd parties cannot guarantee a product is authentic, untampered, stored correctly, etc. Unfortunately, it is the manufacturer’s brands that get tarnished as negative consumer reviews on sites get attributed directly to the product listings and not the profiles of the sellers. Amazon is working to combat this issue and has strict anti-counterfeiting policies that can immediately shut down a seller operation. However, as identical operations pop up in place of the ones that are shut down.

Lastly, the dermatologist added that the use of these fake products with at times unknown chemicals can lead to a lot of dangerous conditions like allergic reactions, heavy metal poisoning, arsenic poisoning, exposure to dangerous bacteria and skin cancer. Cosmetics are not a healthy choice, but one cannot stop using them. It is advisable to use the products in moderation though, and only when absolutely necessary. As Dr Javed said long term exposure can lead to the accumulation of toxic materials in the skin, which can cause skin cancer. The government should fulfil its responsibility to protect the public from harm by taking action against the sale and advertisement of counterfeit and cheaply made cosmetics. Skin Specialist Imtiaz Rao said that it was crucial to indicate the expiry date and provide other critical information on product packaging. Dr Rao advised adequate consuming conditions must also be clearly written on products together with the production dates. It is also crucial for buyers to read this information before purchasing and applying.

In conclusion, the effect of using counterfeit cosmetics are effect of skin, the sale of counterfeit cosmetics affects brands and chemicals can lead to a lot of dangerous conditions. Its offensively clear that using counterfeit products are dangerous. My advice to everyone buying fakes online is to do your research first and consider whether it is worth it. Because getting a reaction from a replica makeup brand which can cause acne, dermatitis, eczema or even scaling is not worth saving a few pennies in my opinion.

Nowadays, competency of Quantity Surveyor in a developing country is an importance issue. According to Jayalath, 2013, Quantity Surveyor defined as the cost and ?nancial accountant of the construction industry. In the past, QSs used only to dealing with only ?nancial aspects of projects. Quantity surveyors contribute to overall construction project performance by acquiring, developing and deploying appropriate competencies. They were considered as main construction shareholder stated by Eyiah-Botwe, et al., (2015) and Woa & Flood, (2016).
According Oke, et al., (2016) stated that, quantity surveying firms as aligned organizations that provide services that cover parts like project procurement, contractual and cost management in infrastructural development. According to Yogeshwaran, et al., (2014), QSs were earlier appointed by consultants, contractors and clients. Besides that, QSs are involved in all phases of a facility’s life cycle such as feasibility, design, construction, extension, refurbishment, maintenance and demolition in the construction projects. In order for quantity surveying services to determine whether their skill and training processes are competent, agreed measures are required to enable them to compare their ability with the best practice. To this extent, there is a need to develop a holistic measure to assess quantity surveyors’ competence, evaluate their performance and induce continuous professional development.
1.1 Quantity Surveying Profession
According to Dada & Jagboro, (2012), during process of preconstruction, construction and post-construction stages, QS add worth to the contractual and ?nancial management of construction projects. According to Ashworth, et al., (2013), as a QS has to ensure that sources of the construction industry are used proficiency to the best advantage of the society by providing, inter alia, ?nancial management of projects and cost consultancy services to clients and designers during the entire construction process of the projects. Thus, to ensure the progress of the construction industry to be competency, QS as a main key professional in the construction industry. Back then, QSs had only to work for the consultant, contractor or the client of a project (Sha?ei & Said, 2008). But today, they work as project managers, arbitrators and involved in the insurance, ?nancial, manufacturing, taxation and valuation industries in construction field (Hemajith, et al., 2007).
1.2 Skills and Competencies of Quantity Surveyors
How best to educate the professional, and ensure a base of competence in the recruit and a firm foundation for lifelong professional and personal development? That question has exercised the surveying, and every other, profession for as long as specialisms have needed labels. According to Lam, (2009), to ensure that performance quality is accurately assess, professional services are must intangible, heterogeneous and multi-dimensional and crucial. Best alternative to updating a profession’s knowledge base is to ensure that the constituent skills, abilities and value of the profession are commanded to periodic evaluation. Quality in the growth of profession, is the setting of a standard of competence and the assessment. This is an area particularly under critical observation in the 21st century. According to Kennie, et al., (2001) and Goodhead, (2012) the increasing globalisation of the profession and the Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors (RICS), there are argument of accrediting the academic element of training, given the very different educational cultures across the world. QS Practitioners must continuously face challenges and new opportunities and required distinct to competencies to perform more in their ?eld. Although been listed by the professional bodies amendable the profession, the levels of competencies achieved by graduate QSs have not been clarified. At present, they are verified through the core competencies outlined by the governing professional bodies (Perera, et al., 2011).
1.3 Construction Industry
According to Khan, (2008), Economic growth and development of a country, construction industry is considered as a major contributor. According to Queensland, (2012), stated that Construction industry works on the constructs, deconstructs, reconstructs, renovates, alters, demolishes, relocates, maintains or repairs any type of building, infrastructure facilities and engineering services. Due to its important role, this construction industry has become different from other sectors of the economy. Globalisation had given a development in the global transport infrastructure and IT, enabling construction services to be carried out in different geographical locations worldwide. Modern industry has realised the need to change its practices and started using compatibility software such as Building Information Modelling (BIM), which offers collaborative data applications to support the entire life cycles of projects. Increased demand for energy ef?cient automated construction and IT applications require the services of skilled and ?exible professionals to bear the performance and competitiveness of the industry. If there are any important competencies lacking among these professionals, the result can be high costs, time lags, inef?ciency and lost businesses.

1.4 Sustainability Development for future Quantity Surveyor
The construction industry has a serious influence on the economy of any country. As Medineckiene, et al., (2010) pointed out construction activities contribute considerably to the progression of national economy and society as real-estate development is necessary for people do their normal routine life and other needs. However, the construction activities generate negative externalities as they are main sources of global environmental pollution and ecological damage. Cotgrave ; Kokkarinen, (2010) also outline, if environmentally friendly practices were applied to the construction activities, there would be high chances for the environmental degradation to be slowed down significantly. However, implementation sustainable development is not easy without proper skills and knowledge.
To implement the sustainable development, it is importance to have sustainability cultured workforce working in the industry. According to Cotgrave ; Kokkarinen, (2010), to prepare the workforce with enough sustainability knowledge, providing a sustainability education to undergraduate construction students is the main in making changes towards greener practices as those graduates will be the construction professionals of the future. According to Murray ; Cotgrave, (2007) stated that, the need for professionally qualified individuals to distribute sustainable development has increased expressively due to a foreseeing vision of an equitable, safe and healthy future for the planet. Therefore, equipping the workforce with relevant sustainability knowledge, skills and values has become the focus of most countries throughout the world. According to Brown, et al., (2015) and Weatherton, et al., (2015) numerous professional organizations, such as American Society of Civil Engineers, National Academy of Engineering, also distinguish the need for incorporation of sustainability into engineering education. Le Grange, (2011) pointed out that incorporating the sustainability concept into construction-related courses and syllabi is one of effective ways to improvise the sustainability literacy of QS students who will turn out to be professional quantity surveyors in the upcoming future.

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1.5 Identifying the Competencies Expected of Graduate Quantity Surveyor
Graduate QSs gain competencies from their university education and from their workplace training. However, in the absence of competency-level benchmarking, a mismatch exists between the expectations that the construction industry has about the competencies of quantity surveying graduates and the actual competencies of these graduates. Present-day quantity surveying graduates dissatisfied the industry with their professional competencies stated by Perera, et al., (2011). The competencies expected from graduate QSs are being dragged in different directions by the industry and the educational institutions. The industry expects graduate QSs to be involved in all quantity surveying occupations and at the same time contributing to the growth of the economic and construction industry. Once QSs graduates and get employed, high possibility their potential to develop their professional skills. On the other hand, the educational institutions are focusing on producing adaptable graduates with foundation knowledge in all aspects of the profession. According to Perera, et al., (2010) ,educational institutions believe that their graduates only need possess the competencies outlined by the regulatory bodies and thus are less interested in giving due consideration to the opposite needs of industry and this means that certain capabilities expected by the industry are absent graduates produced.
In some other case, according to Wickramasinghe ; Perera, (2010), Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) need to identify different working patterns that graduates possess employability skills that employers prefer them to. Ropes, (2015) outline that, to provide graduates with competencies which help them to function effectively in scope of changing work environments, HEIs should develop curricula in collaboration with construction industry. This backdrop required many professional bodies nationally and internationally to develop both the policy and standards for regulating various undergraduate programmes in HEIs. According to Mekenzie, (2010), HEIs have an important role to play in professional development Higher education providers have the responsiveness that design, and delivery of study programmes must fulfil with industry practice and professional body requirements. The effect of industry on curriculum development is greatly increase.

1.6 Conclusion
In final analysis, as the increasing of complexity of buildings and the use of space to build the buildings causes the environment degradation and this will lead to the demanding skilful professional bodies such as QS. On the other hand, globalisation had given improvement to the transportation and IT which help construction to access any place in worldwide. In order to produce professionals QS, the education and industry play an important role in collaboration to produce professional QS. As the time goes by, the changing of expectations from educations and industry always do opposite. Industry expects graduates to improve their performance by going beyond the con?nes of the curriculum of their degree programme and making themselves available for future improvements. The quantity surveying educational institutions, on the other hand, focus on producing graduates who will be able to cater only to present-day needs. New opportunities and developments in the industry reinforce the need to upgrade the competencies of graduate QSs to prepare them to face the threats and challenges of the industry in the future nor now.

Nowadays, we live in a society that obsessed with beauty. From the moment each of us sets foot on this earth to the day we die, we are taught by the culture around us that beauty means lives happily ever after, while the hideous witch or ogre is doomed to meet a grisly end. We grow older and the princesses of our bedtime stories make way for shimmering Hollywood stars and carefully made-up models in magazines. The message, however, remains the same which is “beauty is everything”. But as we strive for this indefinable perfection, we must ask ourselves what it truly means to have beauty and how far we are willing to sacrifice to obtain it. With all the big brand launches their much projected products and some of them not being available in our countries, we tend to trust online shopping but is this safer? Shopping for cheap designer cosmetics might put you at risk and with social media playing a big role in this, many of these products are fake and more alarming could leave you with bad side effects. The beauty industry is exploding and with the youth trying to keep up with their beauty idols and catch up with trends, many are taking short cuts. These unregulated fakes can contain a lot of unregulated dangerous ingredients that we don’t know of and can cause massive damage.

Firstly, the thing that always show up are all about the reason for using cosmetic that can affect the skin. The effect to the skin by using cosmetic is one of the expectations that vary for the cosmetic user itself. The importance of cosmetic is usually to look more beautiful and be confident. It also plays a big role in the creation of an image or being presentable to others (DeLong and Bye, 1990). In a meanwhile, cosmetic usage gives a really big impact to the skin of users that come in good result and ineffective result. According to (Rodda, 2004) a beauty therapist, he revealed that a lot of products in the market are harsh on the skin. Moreover, without using a correct protection when using cosmetic product, it can lead to making the skin be more sensitive. The skin will go on defensive, thinking that it is being attacked. Many people say they have sensitive skin because skincare products, or household products that contact their skin, cause stinging, burning, redness, or tightness. Usually, people are concerned about the condition on the skin and not thinking about the effect to the skin. Cosmetic as a product that will ensure the changes on the skin turns out to be much demanded product that plays the part of fulfilling human needs. Cosmetic usage and the ingredients in the cosmetic product plays important role in safety. A 2006 study by Chemical Safe Skincare Research found that the average woman uses 12 toiletries per day, cumulatively containing up to 175 different chemicals. Because 60 percent of products applied to the skin are absorbed into the body, the average woman absorbs five pounds of chemicals per year through her cosmetics. Many products on the market are not safe and effective, including one of every eight high-SPF sunscreens that does not protect from UVA radiation as mentioned by (EWG, 2007).

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Second, the sale of counterfeit cosmetics affects brands. Surely at some point in our life we have bought or at least thought about buying something that was not the real deal. They spend millions of dollars promoting their brand and doing all the right things with innovation and product development, only to have somebody create a substandard product with false branding. The loyal following created by heritage and start-up cosmetics brands alike have consumers seeking all avenues to get their hands on the latest products. Those seeking the enormously popular Kylie Cosmetic Lip Kits are undoubtedly barraged with deals from traditionally trustworthy channels. There are presently over 300 results on Amazon for Kylie Cosmetics, while the brand clearly states on their website that these products are sold exclusively on the company’s website. Looking at the reviews of these products, you’ll find comments stating that the products smell like gasoline or that the product caused their lips to burn or stick together. Third-party ecommerce retailers are having trouble preventing counterfeit products being sold on their sites, so manufacturers will need to step in to help. While manufacturers are doing their best to protect their consumers from dangerous knock-offs and their own brand equity from the effect these horror stories have on their business, consumers should not rely on 3rd-party retailers to guard against counterfeit product. These 3rd parties cannot guarantee a product is authentic, untampered, stored correctly, etc. Unfortunately, it is the manufacturer’s brands that get tarnished as negative consumer reviews on sites get attributed directly to the product listings and not the profiles of the sellers. Amazon is working to combat this issue and has strict anti-counterfeiting policies that can immediately shut down a seller operation. However, as identical operations pop up in place of the ones that are shut down.

Lastly, the dermatologist added that the use of these fake products with at times unknown chemicals can lead to a lot of dangerous conditions like allergic reactions, heavy metal poisoning, arsenic poisoning, exposure to dangerous bacteria and skin cancer. Cosmetics are not a healthy choice, but one cannot stop using them. It is advisable to use the products in moderation though, and only when absolutely necessary. As Dr Javed said long term exposure can lead to the accumulation of toxic materials in the skin, which can cause skin cancer. The government should fulfil its responsibility to protect the public from harm by taking action against the sale and advertisement of counterfeit and cheaply made cosmetics. Skin Specialist Imtiaz Rao said that it was crucial to indicate the expiry date and provide other critical information on product packaging. Dr Rao advised adequate consuming conditions must also be clearly written on products together with the production dates. It is also crucial for buyers to read this information before purchasing and applying.

In conclusion, the effect of using counterfeit cosmetics are effect of skin, the sale of counterfeit cosmetics affects brands and chemicals can lead to a lot of dangerous conditions. Its offensively clear that using counterfeit products are dangerous. My advice to everyone buying fakes online is to do your research first and consider whether it is worth it. Because getting a reaction from a replica makeup brand which can cause acne, dermatitis, eczema or even scaling is not worth saving a few pennies in my opinion.

Nowadays, use of drugs is a controversial topic in this society. In general, taking drugs and effect on it showed the direct link with the addicts. Drugs can found anywhere, so are the effect of drugs. When the drug affect the addicts, some effect will happen on the them in short or long term such as antisocial, transforming to a different person and harming their health.
Firstly, a drug user will become antisocial expect the loved one such as family and their friends. They will avoid most or all the public situation after they have taking the drug over the times. For example, if a student was using the drug in the school, they will start to absent or quit the co-curricular activities or class. This type of person will always stay in their world and their mind after they involved in the drugs. This said that, they will withdrawal from normal social and may cause problem of various relationship.

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