NETWORK PLANNING & SIMULATIONCOURSEWORK 2018Ronica Laksanthi CooreyCOL/E – 004811LMU-T-BENG-CN-FEB/2018-001BEng.
Computer NetworkingLondon Metropolitan UniversitySubmission Date: 29th April 2018Table of ContentsTable Of Figures2Acknowledgement4Executive Summary5Coursework – Nps – Part 16Answer Sheet – Simulation Setup – Part 028Gantt Chart40Self-Criticism41References42Indexes43Glossary44Table of Figures TOC h z c “Figure” Figure 1 Creating New Project PAGEREF _Toc512531776 h 8Figure 2 Create Empty Scenario PAGEREF _Toc512531777 h 9Figure 3 Type Of Network – Office PAGEREF _Toc512531778 h 9Figure 4 Specifying Size PAGEREF _Toc512531779 h 10Figure 5 Specifying The Technologies PAGEREF _Toc512531780 h 10Figure 6 Review Of What Was Chosen PAGEREF _Toc512531781 h 11Figure 7 Selection Of Nodes For Lan PAGEREF _Toc512531782 h 11Figure 8 Hr And Accounts Nodes PAGEREF _Toc512531783 h 12Figure 9 Choosing The Switch Node PAGEREF _Toc512531784 h 12Figure 10 Ip Router Added PAGEREF _Toc512531785 h 13Figure 11 3 Pc’s Added PAGEREF _Toc512531786 h 13Figure 12 Node For 3 Pc’s PAGEREF _Toc512531787 h 14Figure 13 It Switch Added PAGEREF _Toc512531788 h 14Figure 14 Node For It Switch PAGEREF _Toc512531789 h 15Figure 15 Ip Cloud Added PAGEREF _Toc512531790 h 15Figure 16 Node For Ip Cloud PAGEREF _Toc512531791 h 16Figure 17 Internet Server Added PAGEREF _Toc512531792 h 16Figure 18 Node For Internet Server PAGEREF _Toc512531793 h 17Figure 19 Pc’s Connected To Switch And Lans Connected To Gateway PAGEREF _Toc512531794 h 17Figure 20 Line Used To Connect Pc’s And Switch PAGEREF _Toc512531795 h 18Figure 21 Connecting Gateway To Ip Cloud And Server PAGEREF _Toc512531796 h 18Figure 22 Link Used To Connect Gateway To Ip Cloud And Server PAGEREF _Toc512531797 h 19Figure 23 Link Connectivity Verification PAGEREF _Toc512531798 h 19Figure 24 Message Showing Whether It Can Be Verified Or Not PAGEREF _Toc512531799 h 20Figure 25 Message Showing Links Are Verified PAGEREF _Toc512531800 h 20Figure 26 Inserting Ip Address And Subnet Mask To Internet Server PAGEREF _Toc512531801 h 21Figure 27 Inserting Ip Addresses And Subnet Mask To Ip Cloud PAGEREF _Toc512531802 h 21Figure 28 Inserting Ip Address To Gateway PAGEREF _Toc512531803 h 22Figure 29 Port Assignment – Gateway To Ip Cloud PAGEREF _Toc512531804 h 22Figure 30 Port Assignment – Accounts To Gateway PAGEREF _Toc512531805 h 23Figure 31 Port Assignment – Hr To Gateway PAGEREF _Toc512531806 h 23Figure 32 Port Assignment – It Switch To Gateway PAGEREF _Toc512531807 h 23Figure 33 Inserting Ip Address To Router PAGEREF _Toc512531808 h 24Figure 34 Inserting Ip Address And Subnet To Router Connected To Accounts PAGEREF _Toc512531809 h 24Figure 35 Inserting Ip Address And Subnet To Router Connected To Hr PAGEREF _Toc512531810 h 25Figure 36 Inserting Ip Address And Subnet To Router Connected To It Switch PAGEREF _Toc512531811 h 25Figure 37 Inserting Ip Address And Subnet Mask To Accounts Lan PAGEREF _Toc512531812 h 26Figure 38 Inserting Ip Address And Subnet Mask To Hr Lan PAGEREF _Toc512531813 h 26Figure 39 Inserting Ip Addresses And Subnet Mask To Pc 1 PAGEREF _Toc512531814 h 27Figure 40 Inserting Ip Addresses And Subnet Mask To Pc 2 PAGEREF _Toc512531815 h 27Figure 41 Inserting Ip Addresses And Subnet Mask To Pc 3 PAGEREF _Toc512531816 h 28Figure 42 No Of Workstations For Accounts Lan PAGEREF _Toc512531817 h 28Figure 43 No Of Workstations For Hr Lan PAGEREF _Toc512531818 h 29Figure 44 Link Used To Show Traffic Flow From Accounts, Hr To Internet Server PAGEREF _Toc512531819 h 29Figure 45 Accounts And Hr Connected To Internet Server Using Traffic Flow PAGEREF _Toc512531820 h 30Figure 46 Inserting Traffic Attributes (Bits/Sec) To Accounts PAGEREF _Toc512531821 h 30Figure 47 Inserting Traffic Attributes (Packets/Sec) To Accounts PAGEREF _Toc512531822 h 31Figure 48 Results Of Traffic Attributes Added In Hr PAGEREF _Toc512531823 h 31Figure 49 Demand Link Used For Pc’s PAGEREF _Toc512531824 h 32Figure 50 Results Of Traffic Attributes Added In Pc 1 PAGEREF _Toc512531825 h 32Figure 51 Results Of Traffic Attributes Added In Pc 2 PAGEREF _Toc512531826 h 33Figure 52 Results Of Traffic Attributes Added In Pc 3 PAGEREF _Toc512531827 h 33Figure 53 Collection Of Demand Statistics PAGEREF _Toc512531828 h 34Figure 54 Ip Addressing Mode Set To Auto Addressed/Export PAGEREF _Toc512531829 h 35Figure 55 Execution Of Simulation PAGEREF _Toc512531830 h 36Figure 56 Traffic Result Between Accounts And Internet Server PAGEREF _Toc512531831 h 37Figure 57 Traffic Result Between Hr And Internet Server PAGEREF _Toc512531832 h 37Figure 58 Traffic Result Between Pc 1 And Internet Server PAGEREF _Toc512531833 h 38Figure 59 Traffic Result Between Pc 2 And Internet Server PAGEREF _Toc512531834 h 38Figure 60 Traffic Result Between Pc 3 And Internet Server PAGEREF _Toc512531835 h 39Figure 61 Gantt Chart PAGEREF _Toc512531836 h 40Author has kept the page blank intentionallyAcknowledgementIt is of great and extreme gratitude and the help of various friends that I somehow achieved to complete this coursework on time. But most importantly I would like to express my sincere thanks of gratitude to our lecturer Miss Ama Kulathilake for giving us this golden opportunity to complete the NPS XE “NPS” coursework on time. It has helped me in a lot of ways, I came to know about so many new things that I have never learnt before.
My sincere thanks to Esoft for guiding us in every possible way, and most certainly a great privilege to learn under the guidance of Miss Ama. As a lecturer you are truly inspiringAuthor has kept the page blank intentionallyExecutive SummaryFrom this course known as Network Planning and Simulation, it provides us with an introduction that is related to this certain topic. It’s all about planning a network and the ways to describe a formal and optional flow of knowledge that can be considered as the basis for effective teamwork.Understanding the method of Network simulation is basically an important tool in Network Planning.
For this kind of method it is most important to have a good knowledge in understanding the network behavior. It is therefore crucial that the results of the simulation are sufficiently closed to reality. The main importance of Network Planning and Simulation is modeling the behavior of a network by calculating the interaction between different network entities. Thus it contains various attributes of the environment that can be modified in a controlled manner and it shows us how to access the network under different conditionsAuthor has kept the page blank intentionallyCOURSEWORK – NPS XE “NPS” – Part 1 Explain why the classful IP XE “IP” Addressing is not feasible to accomplish the task by using class B and C Based on this scenario, the 8 class C networks technically gives you enough addresses to accommodate the 1800 hosts, but barely enough. Therefore there is a chance that the networks would need to be carved up quite a bit for example: likely needing to spread out multiple networks across a large area.
As a result you would lose a certain amount of address space to overhead. Most probably nearly 90% could lead to depletion. Using a class B address would give us much more room for future growth and it would be much easier to partitionWhat is the most suitable technique to form a network with 1800 hosts? The most suitable network technique to form a network with 1800 hosts is known as subnetting.
It is a set of techniques that you can use to efficiently divide the address space of a unicast address prefix for allocation among the subnets of a networkWhat is / are the principle / principles of the technique mentioned in ii) By subnetting the network, we can partition it to as many smaller networks as we need. This also helps reduce traffic and hides the complexity of the network.All computers need the subnet mask field filled when configuring IP XE “IP” You need to set some logical boundaries in your networkYou should at least enter the default subnet mask for the class you’re usingHow to determine the number of subnets and the number of hosts per subnetDescribe / display how to create the network with 1800 hosts using the technique mentioned in ii) and principles mentioned in iii Network Address – 220.127.116.11/25For 1800 hosts – (2^7= 128 – 2 = 126)Therefore subnet mask is 25, Maximum Subnets – 128, Maximum IP XE “IP” addresses –126New Network IP XE “IP” Range -200.100.
25.0/25Provide the following The network ID XE “ID” of the new network with 1800 hosts – 200.100.
25.0/25, The subnet mask – 255.255.255.128, The valid range of the new network – 200.100.25.
1 – 18.104.22.168The broadcasting ID XE “ID” of the new network – 200.100.
25.127Author has kept the page blank intentionallyANSWER SHEET – SIMULATION SETUP – PART 02Create a new project and an empty scenario named COURSE WORK – 2018 and ESOFT NETWORKS, respectively. The steps on how to create a new project and applying the name for the project and the scenario are shown as follows:Figure SEQ Figure * ARABIC 1 creating new projectFrom the list as shown below, “Create an empty scenario” is been selected as this is a new scenario that is about to be createdFigure SEQ Figure * ARABIC 2 create empty scenarioBased on this coursework, the most suitable network scale for this project to select is the “Office” type of networkFigure SEQ Figure * ARABIC 3 Type of network – OfficeOnce the network is been chosen, the size has to be specifiedFigure SEQ Figure * ARABIC 4 specifying sizeAfter the size has been specified we have to specify the technologiesFigure SEQ Figure * ARABIC 5 specifying the technologiesReview of the values we have chosenFigure SEQ Figure * ARABIC 6 Review of what was chosenCreate the network topology as shown in Figure 1.1 using node and link models specified in Table 1.1 Selection of iconsFigure SEQ Figure * ARABIC 7 selection of nodes for LANAdding 2 node objectsFigure SEQ Figure * ARABIC 8 HR and Accounts nodesChoosing another nodeFigure SEQ Figure * ARABIC 9 choosing the switch nodeAnother node added – IP XE “IP” RouterFigure SEQ Figure * ARABIC 10 IP Router addedAs given in the summary of Network Topology 3 Pc’s are addedFigure SEQ Figure * ARABIC 11 3 Pc’s addedFor the three Pc’s the following node is been usedFigure SEQ Figure * ARABIC 12 Node for 3 Pc’sThen a switch is been addedFigure SEQ Figure * ARABIC 13 IT Switch addedThe node for the switch is been showed belowFigure SEQ Figure * ARABIC 14 Node for IT SwitchAfter that an IP XE “IP” cloud is appliedFigure SEQ Figure * ARABIC 15 IP cloud addedThe following node is for the IP XE “IP” cloud that was appliedFigure SEQ Figure * ARABIC 16 Node for IP cloudLastly a server is been added tooFigure SEQ Figure * ARABIC 17 Internet Server addedThis is the node that is been used for the serverFigure SEQ Figure * ARABIC 18 Node for Internet ServerAfter all has been inserted into the diagram, the next stage is to connect the Pc’s and the switchFigure SEQ Figure * ARABIC 19 Pc’s connected to switch and LANS connected to gatewayThe link that was used to connect was as follows:Figure SEQ Figure * ARABIC 20 Line used to connect Pc’s and switchThe next stage is to connect the gateway with the cloud and the server5619753171825Figure SEQ Figure * ARABIC 21 Connecting gateway to IP cloud and serverFigure SEQ Figure * ARABIC 21 Connecting gateway to IP cloud and server5619754762500This specific link was used to connect the gateway to the cloud and to the serverFigure SEQ Figure * ARABIC 22 Link used to connect gateway to Ip cloud and serverVerify link connectivity Figure SEQ Figure * ARABIC 23 link connectivity verificationMessage to show whether it is to be verified or notFigure SEQ Figure * ARABIC 24 Message showing whether it can be verified or notThe next message show that it is verifiedFigure SEQ Figure * ARABIC 25 Message showing links are verified4.
Set IP XE “IP” addresses and the corresponding subnet masks: – Set the IP address and mask of Internet Server to 22.214.171.124/25.Figure SEQ Figure * ARABIC 26 Inserting IP address and subnet mask to Internet Serverb. Set the IP XE “IP” addresses and masks on the interfaces of The Internet node – Interface to Internet Server: 200.100.25.
11/25.Figure SEQ Figure * ARABIC 27 Inserting IP addresses and subnet mask to IP cloudInterface to Gateway: 126.96.36.199/29.Figure SEQ Figure * ARABIC 28 Inserting IP address to gatewayVerifying of the correct interfacesGateway to InternetFigure SEQ Figure * ARABIC 29 Port assignment – Gateway to IP cloudAccounts to GatewayFigure SEQ Figure * ARABIC 30 Port assignment – Accounts to GatewayHR XE “HR” to GatewayFigure SEQ Figure * ARABIC 31 Port assignment – HR to GatewayIT XE “IT” Switch to GatewayFigure SEQ Figure * ARABIC 32 Port assignment – IT switch to GatewayC. Set the IP XE “IP” addresses and masks on the interfaces of ESOFT Gateway node – Interface to The Internet: 171.25.
1.2/29.Figure SEQ Figure * ARABIC 33 Inserting IP address to routerInterface to ACCOUNTS LAN XE “LAN” : last usable IP XE “IP” address allocated for the ACCOUNTS subnet and the corresponding ACCOUNTS subnet mask valueFigure SEQ Figure * ARABIC 34 Inserting IP address and subnet to router connected to AccountsInterface to HR XE “HR” LAN XE “LAN” : last usable IP XE “IP” address allocated for the HR subnet and the corresponding HR subnet mask value.Figure SEQ Figure * ARABIC 35 Inserting IP address and subnet to router connected to HRInterface to IT XE “IT” Switch: last usable IP XE “IP” address allocated for the IT subnet and the corresponding IT subnet mask value.Figure SEQ Figure * ARABIC 36 Inserting IP address and subnet to router connected to IT Switchd. Set the IP XE “IP” address and mask of the ACCOUNTS LAN XE “LAN” object to the first usable address in the ACCOUNTS subnet and the corresponding mask value.Figure SEQ Figure * ARABIC 37 Inserting IP address and subnet mask to Accounts LAN XE “LAN” e. Set the IP XE “IP” address and mask of the HR XE “HR” LAN XE “LAN” object to the first usable address in the HR subnet and the corresponding mask value.
Figure SEQ Figure * ARABIC 38 Inserting IP address and subnet mask to HR LANf. Set the IP XE “IP” addresses and masks of the PC1, PC2 and PC3 end nodes to the first, second, and third usable addresses allocated for the IT XE “IT” subnet, respectively, and the corresponding IT subnet mask.Figure SEQ Figure * ARABIC 39 Inserting IP addresses and subnet mask to PC 1PC XE “PC” 2Figure SEQ Figure * ARABIC 40 Inserting IP addresses and subnet mask to PC 2PC XE “PC” 3Figure SEQ Figure * ARABIC 41 Inserting IP addresses and subnet mask to PC 36. Configure ACCOUNTS and HR XE “HR” LAN XE “LAN” objects to have 12 and 4 workstations, respectively (i.e., attribute LAN…Number of Workstations)Accounts configurationsFigure SEQ Figure * ARABIC 42 No of workstations for Accounts LANHR XE “HR” ConfigurationsFigure SEQ Figure * ARABIC 43 No of workstations for HR LAN7.
Deploy two IP XE “IP” traffic demand objects from ACCOUNTS and HR XE “HR” LANs to Internet Server. Configure these demand objects to generate traffic HR the rate of 1.53 Mbps (i.e.
, transmission rate of a T1 line) and 200 packets/second, for the duration of 1 hour.Figure SEQ Figure * ARABIC 44 link used to show traffic flow from Accounts, HR to Internet ServerFigure SEQ Figure * ARABIC 45 Accounts and HR connected to Internet Server using traffic flowFigure SEQ Figure * ARABIC 46 Inserting traffic attributes (bits/sec) to AccountsFigure SEQ Figure * ARABIC 47 Inserting traffic attributes (packets/sec) to AccountsHR XE “HR” – Internet Server AttributesFigure SEQ Figure * ARABIC 48 Results of traffic attributes added in HRDeploy three IP XE “IP” traffic demand objects from PC1, PC2 and PC3 nodes to Internet Server. Configure all these demand objects to generate traffic HR XE “HR” the rate of 0.1 Mbps and 200 packets/second, for the duration of 1 hour.Demand link for PC XE “PC” ‘sFigure SEQ Figure * ARABIC 49 Demand link used for PC’sPC XE “PC” 1Figure SEQ Figure * ARABIC 50 Results of traffic attributes added in PC 1PC XE “PC” 2Figure SEQ Figure * ARABIC 51 Results of traffic attributes added in PC 2PC XE “PC” 3Figure SEQ Figure * ARABIC 52 Results of traffic attributes added in PC 39. Configure your simulation to collect all Demand and all link point-to-pointFigure SEQ Figure * ARABIC 53 Collection of Demand statisticsAuthor has kept the page blank intentionally10 Set the global simulation attribute IP XE “IP” .IP Interface Addressing Mode to Auto Addressed/ExportFigure SEQ Figure * ARABIC 54 IP addressing mode set to Auto Addressed/ExportExecute your simulation for 1 hourFigure SEQ Figure * ARABIC 55 Execution of simulationAccounts LAN XE “LAN” to Internet ServerFigure SEQ Figure * ARABIC 56 Traffic result between Accounts and Internet ServerHR XE “HR” LAN XE “LAN” to Internet ServerFigure SEQ Figure * ARABIC 57 Traffic result between HR and Internet ServerPC XE “PC” 1 to Internet ServerFigure SEQ Figure * ARABIC 58 Traffic result between PC 1 and Internet ServerPc 2 to Internet ServerFigure SEQ Figure * ARABIC 59 Traffic result between PC 2 and Internet ServerPC XE “PC” 3 to Internet ServerFigure SEQ Figure * ARABIC 60 Traffic result between PC 3 and Internet ServerAuthor has kept the page blank intentionallyGantt chartFigure SEQ Figure * ARABIC 61 Gantt chartAuthor has kept the page blank intentionallySelf-CriticismAs I start with the coursework known as NPS XE “NPS” , it comes to my mind that in some point that I am in the way of criticizing what I’m about to do.
It is pretty tough learning new things.We believe that being hard on ourselves could make us better people. If we fail at something that’s important to us, it can be very heart breaking. Such experiences can threaten the very core of who we think we are, and who we wish to be.When doing coursework we have to cope with failure, so we often turn to self-protective strategies. They make us feel better about ourselves for the mean time, but they are less likely to improve or avoid repeating our mistakes in the future.
Therefore self-criticism has been shown to increase and impede goal progress. As a student you might feel worthless and incompetentAuthor has kept the page blank intentionallyReferencesWikipedia. 2018. Wikipedia.
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slideshare.net/. Accessed 26 April 2018.Author has kept the page blank intentionallyIndexesHHR, 13, 24, 26, 27, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 38IID, 8IP, 7, 14, 16, 17, 22, 23, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 33, 36IT, 15, 16, 24, 26, 28LLAN, 12, 25, 26, 27, 29, 30, 38NNPS, 5, 7, 42PPC, 28, 29, 33, 34, 39, 40Author has kept the page blank intentionallyGlossaryNPS – Network Planning and SimulationIP – Internet ProtocolID – IdentityHR – Human ResourcesPC – Personal ComputerIT – Information technologyLAN – Local Area NetworkAuthor has kept the page blank intentionally