My Name: Nesma Hassan
Ms: Vetro
ENG101
February 17, 2018
Essay Draft
Have We Lost Sight of the Promise of Public Schools?
Public good may be defined as the commodity or service that is provided without profit
to all member of a Society, either by the government or a private individual or organization.
Moreover, public good is very important, so government provides public good for people.
Especially, public education because public education is the backbone, free for all people, and
giving equal chance for all children. However, in Jones, Nikole Hannah’s essay “The existence
of public things _to meet each other, to fight about, to pay for together, to enjoy, to complain
about_ this is absolutely indispensable to democratic life.” Honing writes that because public
things make people in connection together. The first reason public education is very important to
society is providing universal access to free education and guarantying equal opportunities for all
children. Public schools establish to make education universally available to all children, free of
charge. Public schools educate the clear majority of U.S. students and will continue to do so for
the prospective future. Public schools are available in all parts of the country, including areas
where there aren’t private schools exist. Private schools are very important to many families, but
private schools aren’t designee to be a universal system. Although private schools can be eclectic
about who can enroll. Public school systems must serve all people live within their boundaries.
Also, public schools must provide free education to students with disabilities and English
language. Public education recognizes as a gateway to opportunity for people from all economic
and racial ethnic backgrounds. Early supporters of public education confirm that only public
funding would give schools the consistent support needed to educate children from poor families
and bring a more level way to curriculum. Although public schools have become more inclusive,
equal access to high quality education is not yet a fact. Wide differences exist among schools,
districts, and states in per government funding. Equal opportunity remains an essential mission
for public education. Despite improvements over the past fifteen years in the average
achievement of African American and Latino students, achievement gaps remain between these
groups and their white and Asian counterparts, according to the National Assessment of
Educational Progress (NAEP). Similar achievement gaps persist between low-income and
higher-income students. public schools are held accountable for closing these gaps, while private
schools are not. Moreover, a higher share of minority and low-income children attend public
schools than attend private schools. Also, public education is very important for people because
public education able to unify a diverse population and prepare people for citizenship in a
democratic society. For two centuries, public schools have been the main institution in American
society responsible for transmitting a common American culture to a diverse population. Public
schools have been the place where immigrants have learned the English language and absorbed
American culture and values. However, U.S. public schools have carried out this unifying
mission more successfully than schools in many other countries. Part of building a common
culture include teaching students from different racial, ethnic, religious, and economic
backgrounds to respect each other and get along. Early supporters of the common school
believe that when children from different backgrounds share in a common education. Public
schools continue to be the chief institution that brings together young people from different
backgrounds for a major part of the day. Although many private schools enroll a diverse student
body, they are less diverse as a group than public schools and do not have the same responsibility
to shape a cohesive society. Today, the mission of promoting cultural unity is more important
than ever. The U.S. population has become more ethnically and linguistically diverse at the
same time the economy has become more international. Although all schools, public and private,
play a role in preparing young people to be good citizens, public schools fill several unique roles.
Public school classrooms are one of the first places where children form a community that
mirrors the larger society. By associating with children from diverse backgrounds, students learn
the skills of making group decisions, establishing and enforcing rules, and handling disagreement
skills that they will use later in civic life. In addition, supporting public education is itself an
exercise in citizenship. People contribute tax dollars, time, and effort toward an activity that
benefits the whole society. The third reason public education is very important to society is
preparing people to become economically self-sufficient and improve social condition. Of
course, teaching students the knowledge and skills necessary to succeed in their careers is a
major goal of all schools, private as well as public. But public schools have a special
responsibility to help all students to become economically self-sufficient, including students with
disabilities or academic problems. In addition, public high schools, unlike most of private
schools, offer vocational and technical education for students who learn best through hands on,
work oriented instruction. Since most U.S. students attend public schools, the quality of the
public education system not only affects an individual’s ability to get a good job but also shapes
the nation’s ability to compete in a global economy. As many developing nation understand quite
well, investing in public education is one of the surest means to improving a nation’s economic
standing. Both public and private schools contribute to the nation’s well-being. But Americans
expect public schools to do more than private schools to address social problems. Unlike private
schools, public schools are expected to have programs to feed low-income children, provide
before- and after-school care, prevent substance abuse and violence, and address health issues. In
addition, some public schools serve as community centers, where families can meet, learn, play,
and access a range of services. At a time when a significant number of children live in poverty
and many communities suffer from a range of social problems, the need is as great as ever for a
strong public education system. Not only does education offer a way out of poverty, but good
public schools can also help turn around neighborhoods in distress. As a result, the three reasons
for public education are listed above not the only reasons why education is essential. Education
serves a variety of purposes that are not discussed in this essay, either because they are not
unique to public schools or because they relate to individual benefits rather than collective goals.
For example, education enriches individuals’ lives by developing their capacities to think
critically, appreciate culture, and maintain a sense of curiosity about the world. Education
exposes children to new ways of thinking. Perhaps most importantly, a good elementary and
secondary education can spur young people to go on to higher education and pursue learning all
their lives.

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