Move and position individuals in accordance with their plan of care
1 Understand anatomy and physiology in relation to moving and positioning individuals
1.1 Outline the anatomy and physiology of the human body in relation to the importance of correct moving and positioning of individuals
– Anatomy is the study of skeleton of the body, and physiology is about the function of the organs, cells, and tissues. Anatomy and physiology are inextricably linked, and this explains that the muscles are attached to the body. The spine column is made up of bones(vertebrae) and also contain inter vertebral disks, which work as shock absorbs. Each disk contains a nucleus in the center. A prolapsed or slipped disk is when the nucleus is squeezed out and is putting pressure on the spinal nerves. When moving and positioning individuals, it is important to ensure the individual is not moved more than their body is capable of, as muscles can only move bones at the joint as far as the joint allows. It is also important to move and handle correctly to ensure nerve fibres are not damaged as they are delicate, but also important as they send impulses in the body which enable muscles to relax and contract.