Mizoram is one of the states of Northeast India, with Aizawl as its capital city. The name is derived from Mi (people), Zo (lofty place, such as hill) and Ram (land), and thus Mizoram implies “Land of the hill people”. Like a few other northeastern states of India, Mizoram was previously part of Assam until 1972, when it was carved out as a Union Territory.
It became the 23rd state of India, a step above Union Territory, on 20 February 1987. Mizoram’s population was 1,091,014, as per a 2011 census. It is the second least populous state in the country.
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Mizoram covers a region of around 21,087 square kilometers. Around 91% of the state is forested. Around 95% of current Mizoram population is of differing ancestral birthplaces who settled in the state, for the most part from southeast Asia, over rushes of movement beginning about sixteenth century yet chiefly in eighteenth century. This is the most noteworthy convergence of innate individuals among all states of India, and they are as of now secured under Indian constitution as a Scheduled Tribe. The tribes changed over from Animist religions to Christianity over the primary portion of twentieth century.
Mizoram is one of three conditions of India with a Christian dominant part (87%). Its peoples have a place with different categories, for the most part Presbyterian in its North and Baptists in South. Mizoram is a highly literate agrarian economy, however experiences cut and-consume jhum or moving development, and poor harvest yields. As of late, the jhum cultivating hones are relentlessly being supplanted with a critical agriculture and bamboo items industry.
The state’s gross state residential item for 2012 was evaluated at ?6,991 crore. The state has around 871 kilometers of national parkways, with NH-54 and NH-150 interfacing it to Assam and Manipur separately. It is additionally a developing travel point for exchange with Myanmar and Bangladesh. Mizoram is a place that is known for moving slopes, valleys, streams and lakes. Upwards of 21 noteworthy slope ranges or pinnacles of various statures gone through the length and broadness of the state, with fields scattered all over. The normal tallness of the slopes toward the west of the state are around 1,000 meters (3,300 ft). These slowly ascend to 1,300 meters (4,300 ft) toward the east. A few zones, be that as it may, have higher reaches which go up to a tallness of more than 2,000 meters (6,600 ft).
Phawngpui Tlang otherwise called the Blue Mountain, arranged in the south-eastern piece of the state, is the most astounding crest in Mizoram at 2,210 meters (7,250 ft). Around 76% of the state is secured by backwoods, 8% is fallows arrive, 3% is desolate and thought about uncultivable zone, while cultivable and sown territory constitutes the rest. According to condition of woods report 2015 states with most extreme backwoods cover as level of their own geological zone.
Mizoram being the most astounding 88.93% forest. Mizoram territory is, as indicated by Geological Survey of India, a youthful geography, and the physiographic articulation comprises of a few, North-South longitudinal valleys containing arrangement of little and level hummocks, generally anticlinal, parallel to sub-parallel slope ranges and tight bordering synclinal valleys with arrangement of topographic highs. The general geography of western Mizoram comprises of monotonous progression of Neogene sedimentary rocks of Surma Group and Tipam Formation viz. sandstone, siltstone, mudstone and uncommon pockets of shell limestone.
The eastern part is Barail Group. Mizoram, lies in seismic zone V, as indicated by the India Meteorological Department; as with other northeastern conditions of India, this implies the state has the most astounding danger of quakes in respect to different parts of India.The biggest river in Mizoram is Chhimtuipui, otherwise called Kaladan, Kolodyne or Chimtuipui. It begins in Chin state in Burma and goes through Saiha and Lawngtlai regions in the southern tip of Mizoram, backpedals to Burma’s Rakhine state. Albeit numerous more waterways and streams deplete the slope goes, the most critical and valuable streams are the Tlawng, Tut, Tuirial and Tuivawl which move through the northern domain and in the end join the Barak River in Cachar District. The waterways have a delicate waste angle especially in the south.
The Palak lake is the biggest in Mizoram and spreads 30 hectares (74 sections of land). The lake is arranged in Saiha area of southern Mizoram. It is trusted that the lake was made because of a tremor or a surge. The neighborhood individuals trust that a submerged town stays in place profound under the waters. The Tam Dil lake is a characteristic lake arranged 85 kilometers (53 mi) from Aizawl. Legend has it that a tremendous mustard plant once remained in this place.
At the point when the plant was chopped down, planes of water splashed from the plant and made a pool of water, along these lines the lake was named ?am Dil which methods for ‘pool of mustard plant’. Today the lake is a vital vacation destination and an occasion resort. The most huge lake in Mizo history, Rih Dil, is unexpectedly situated in Burma, a couple of kilometers from the Indo-Burma outskirt. It was trusted that the left souls go through this lake before advancing toward Pialral or paradise.
Mizoram is a unique state in the north-eastern part of India. It is the perfect example to show that India has converted an insurgency area into one of the successful model of electoral democracy.