Topic: Family, Life & ExperiencesEmotions

Last updated: June 19, 2019

Love is a deep, tender and rewarding feeling that human beings and animals experience throughout their lives. An experimental research was conducted to determine the love and affection between an infant to the mother. This is after studies showed that people had neglected this category and ended up making love an affair for only adolescents and adults. Psychologists and sociologists wanted to determine the fundamental variables that lead to the development of affectional responses as well as the mechanism behind the affection between an infant and the mother.
Psychologists and sociologists believed that there are primary and secondary drives that facilitate the infant-maternal ties. On one hand, basic drives such as hunger, pain, thirst could be classified as the primary drives. On the other hand, through the reduction of this wants by the mother, love and affection is derived. They believed that food may become a secondary drive leading to a developed human affection. In addition, affectional ties from the mother are long lasting. They do not extinguish when a mother ceases to facilitate the primary and secondary drives in question.
Experimental psychologists brushed off a theory by John B. Watson who believed that love was an innate emotion brought around by stimulation of certain parts of the body. Instead they demonstrated that an infant less than four weeks had no differentiable emotions. In addition, the psychoanalysts decided to research on the problem of the nature of development of love. This would be achieved by using aging and ill human beings as subjects. Moreover, the study would include studying the importance of breast feeding as a need for an intimate physical contact associated with the mother.
Love or affectional responses would be studied by the use of an infant and neonatal monkey as the subject. These subjects would facilitate an analysis of the fundamental affectional variables. Precise measurements would be achieved when the primates are two to ten days of age. The only difference between a human infant and the monkey is that monkeys mature and grow rapidly at birth. However, the basic responses relating to clinging, nursing, contact and audial and visual exploration are not different. In addition, the development of frustration, fear, perception and learning capability are similar in both human and monkey children.
The subjects chosen would be raised in two different environments. One of the infant would be bottle-fed whereas the other would be brought up by the mother. Statistics recorded after three years experimentation showed that the bottled-fed infants were heavier and healthier than the mother-reared infants. However, the bottle-fed babies showed a strong attachment to the cloths placed on the floor of their cages. From this experiment, it could therefore be deduced that responsiveness of infants lies solely on the environment it’s raised
Infants have an urge of safety when faced by fear or danger. The variable of nursing may be of no importance if the presence of a mother is not felt. This is one of the many functions of a real mother, human or subhuman. . In addition, contact comfort is another important basic love variable. Research carried out showed how easily an infant could be affected by the availability of a mother during its development.

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