Topic: Literature

Last updated: February 11, 2019

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Related Research Literature (RRL)
(Causes of Smoking Cigarettes)
James Patrick Infante Gabby RectoGrade 10 – Einstein
What is Smoking?
Smoking is a practice in which a substance is burned and the resulting smoke breathed in to be tasted and absorbed into the bloodstream. Most commonly the substance is the dried leaves of the tobacco plant which have been rolled into a small square of rice paper to create a small, round cylinder called a “cigarette”.

Smoking is primarily practiced as a route of administration for recreational drug use because the combustion of the dried plant leaves vaporizes and delivers active substances into the lungs where they are rapidly absorbed into the bloodstream and reach bodily tissue.
They are Different types of Smoking
Cigars or Pipes
Shishas or Hookahs
Storing or Chewing Tobacco in the Mouth
408443011100What is Cigarette?
A Cigarette is a narrow cylinder containing psychoactive material, usually tobacco, that is rolled into thin paper for smoking.
The term cigarette, as commonly used, refers to a tobacco cigarette but is sometimes used to refer to other substances, such as a cannabis cigarette. A cigarette is distinguished from a cigar by its usually smaller size, use of processed leaf, and paper wrapping, which is typically white. Cigar wrappers are typically composed of tobacco leaf or paper dipped in tobacco extract.

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Causes of Smoking Cigarettes
In the Philippines, 10 people die every hour because of smoking-related diseases. This translates to 240 deaths every day or 87,600 deaths every year.

Increased Health Risks
Smokers are more likely than non-smokers to develop heart disease, stroke, and lung cancer. Smoking causes diminished overall health, increased absenteeism from work, and increased health care utilization and cost.

Cardiovascular Disease
Smokers are at greater risk for diseases that affect the heart and blood vessels (cardiovascular disease). Smoking causes stroke and coronary heart disease, which are among the leading causes of death. Smoking damages blood vessels and can make them thicken and grow narrower. This makes your heart beat faster and your blood pressure go up. Clots can also form.

Respiratory Disease
Smoking can cause lung disease by damaging your airways and the small air sacs (alveoli) found in your lungs. If you have asthma, tobacco smoke can trigger an attack or make an attack worse.

If you have asthma, tobacco smoke can trigger an attack or make an attack worse:
Blood (acute myeloid leukemia)
Colon and rectum (colorectal)
EsophagusKidney and ureter
Oropharynx (includes parts of the throat, tongue, soft palate, and the tonsils)
Trachea, bronchus, and lung
Other Health Risks
Smoking can make it harder for a woman to become pregnant. It can also affect her baby’s health before and after birth. Smoking increases risks for:
Preterm (early) delivery
Stillbirth (death of the baby before birth)
Low birth weight
Sudden infant death syndrome (known as SIDS or crib death)
Ectopic pregnancy
Orofacial clefts in infants
Smoking can also affect men’s sperm, which can reduce fertility and also increase risks for birth defects and miscarriage
Smoking affects the health of your teeth and gums and can cause tooth loss.

Smoking can increase your risk for cataracts (clouding of the eye’s lens that makes it hard for you to see). It can also cause age-related macular degeneration (AMD). AMD is damage to a small spot near the center of the retina, the part of the eye needed for central vision.

Smoking is a cause of type 2 diabetes mellitus and can make it harder to control. The risk of developing diabetes is 30–40% higher for active smokers than non-smokers.

Smoking causes general adverse effects on the body, including inflammation and decreased immune function.

Smoking is a cause of rheumatoid arthritis.

Smoking can affect bone health.

Women past childbearing years who smoke have weaker bones than women who never smoked. They are also at greater risk for broken bones


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