LANGUAGE & COMMUNICATION SKILLS 2
(LCBA1022)

SESSION:
May – August 2018

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TITLE:
Discuss the benefits of co-curricular activities

NAME I/D NO. CLASS
Chiu Yi 1805105 CD1805-1
Dawson Loo 1805212 CD1805-1

LECTURER’S NAME:
Katrin Chen

Topic: Discuss the benefits of co-curricular activities
Introduction
Welcome audience.

Good afternoon to my fellow friends and lecturer.

Introduce yourself.

For those of you who don’t know us, I am Chiu Yi and he is Dawson.

State your topic.

Today we will discuss about the benefits of co-curricular activities.

Say why your topic is important for the audience.

Our talk is particularly relevant to us as it is compulsory for each of us to participate in co-curricular activity for the first year in The One Academy.

Describe the structure of your talk
In the presentation, we will cover the definition and the benefits of co-curricular activities which include

Say how long the talk will be.

I know you are all very busy but can we get your attention for the next eight minutes?

Say when you will answer questions.

There will be time for questions after our presentation.

Say whether there are handouts.

Don’t worry about taking notes. We’ve put all the important notes in a handout for you.

Main part
Briefly state your topic and objective again.

Let me start the presentation by telling you the definition of co-curricular activity. Co-curricular refers to activities, programs and learning experiences that complement what students are learning in school. Co-curricular activities are typically defined by their separation from academic courses.

Main point 1:
Topic sentence: Co-curricular activities have positive impact on academic performance.

Elaboration: Studies have shown that students pursuing their hobbies achieved better results in their studies. Their academic performances go way up north as they learn to balance their co-curricular activities with their academic pursuits. They learn how to manage their time efficiently and also increase their interest in the school. Therefore, participation in co-curricular activities help in achieving the bigger purpose of achieving better education.

Main Point 2:
Topic Sentence: Co-curricular activities help students to raise self-motivation.

Elaboration: Self-motivation includes self-expression, self-confidence and self-esteem. Self-expression is a kind of motivation that can encourage students to express their thoughts. Students are in an environment to openly convey their opinion generally. Co-curricular activities also encourage students to speak up and contribute to an existing idea or topic.
Self-esteem refers to how you feel about yourself overall while self-confidence is how you feel about your abilities and can vary from situation to situation. Recent studies show that teenagers face a lack of confidence when they feel that they are good at nothing. Extracurricular activities are designed to help students discover and develop their unique talents. Experiencing success or being recognized for a contribution to a co-curricular activity can greatly improve students’ self-esteem.

Main Point 3:
Topic Sentence: Co-curricular activities can help improve social skill.

The third benefits in co-curricular activities is, as you all know, can help improve our social skill. Developing social skills not only the responsible of parents and teachers but also the responsibility of the student themselves. Co-curricular activities improve the co-operation and social negotiation skills within the peer group . Learning environment outside of the classroom is also crucial in influencing a person’s behaviour which is important in the development of social skills. Did you know that CCA can also prevent less bullying in school? Enrollment in co-curricular activities means children will have certain group that shares the same talent. They will also learn the appropriate and inappropriate behaviour. They can help each other against the bullying. in The development of quality human capital is the key to the economic development of a country. This coincides with the research findings on educational as education is the country’s investment for for a long term. Among of the research stated here is the research by Rohanida Abdul Manaf and Mohd Sofian Omar Fauzee (2002), and Mohd Hamidi Abdul Hamid (2002) which investigation on the role of co-curricular activities in developing individual leadership skills. The results showed that extra-curricular activities are capable to nurture, develop and give an early exposure on the aspect of leadership, integrities, and community among students. Research by Rozita (2009) stated that the effect of interpersonal support from parents, peers, school and the physical environment to the involvement of teenagers in social activities aimed to identify students’ perceptions towards social support given by parents, peers, school, physical facilities and its relationship with involvement in physical activities during leisure time.

Signal the end of the main part.

Conclusion:
Signal the end of your talk.

We are now at the end of the presentation. Thank you very much for your attention.

Summarize the key points.

I’ll just run through the three benefits of co-curricular activities again.

Highlight one important point.

In my opinion, the most important benefit for all of us is that co-curricular activities have positive impact on academic performance.

Explain the significance.

This is the most important point for us as I believe that everyone wants to get good results. Participation in co-curricular activities not only help us to release stress and boredom but studies have also proven that they can help us achieve better academic results. By taking a break from all the assignments, we are able to get more inspirations and have better ideas. As a result, we can finish our assignments more efficiently and have a better outcome after recharging.

Make your final statement.

Invite questions.

Are there any questions?
Dealing with questions.

Author: Kimiko Fujita The Master’s College 
Date Published: N/D
Title: The Effects of Extracurricular Activities on the Academic Performance of Junior High Students
Source: Kimiko Fujita The Master’s College 
Website: http://www.kon.org/urc/v5/fujita.html
Date Accessed: 27 June 2018
Quotation:  
“A study by the U. S. Department of Education revealed that students who participate in co-curricular activities are three times more likely to have a grade point average of 3.0 or better” than students who do not participate in co-curricular activities (Stephens ; Schaben, 2002, para. 4).
Numerous studies have been conducted concerning the relationship between extracurricular activities and academic performance. Total extracurricular activity participation (TEAP), or participation in extracurricular activities in general, is associated with an improved grade point average, higher educational aspirations, increased college attendance, and reduced absenteeism” (Broh, 2002, para. 8). Guest and Schneider (2003), in looking at the previous research on this subject said, “Researchers have found positive associations between extracurricular participation and academic achievement” (para. 2).

Many extracurricular activities have proven to be beneficial in building and strengthening academic achievement, even if the activities are not obviously related to academic subjects (Marsh & Kleitman, 2002, para. 9). “A number of studies revealed that students participating in extracurricular activities did better academically than students who did not participate” (Marsh & Kleitman, 2002, para. 7). Researchers have particularly studied the relationship between extracurricular activities and academic performance in adolescents. One study found that “adolescents who participated in extracurricular activities reported higher grades, more positive attitudes toward school, and higher academic aspirations” (Darling, Caldwell, & Smith, 2005, para. 1)

Author: Chi-Hung Leung (Hong Kong Institute of Education), Chi Wing Raymond Ng (Tung Wah College), Po On Ella Chan (Hong Kong Baptist University)
Date Published: 2011
Title: Can Co-curricular Activities Enhance the Learning Effectiveness of Students?: An Application to the Sub-degree Students in Hong Kong
Source: International Journal of Teaching and Learning in Higher Education
Website: https://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/EJ946159.pdf
Date Accessed: 27 June 2018
Quotation:
Finkenberg (1990) conducted a study of the effect on college women’s self-concept and participation in a Taekwondo program. The overall result of participating in the martial arts training program showed a significant positive difference on a total self-concept score and on subscale scores measuring their perception of physical self, personal self, social self, identity, and self-satisfaction. The above study indicated that the participation in co-curricular activities has positive impact on personal development.

Author: Gail M. Ritchie
Date Published: 21 May 2018
Title: The Impact of Academic Co-Curricular Activity Participation on Academic Achievement: A Study of Catholic High School Students
Source: Seton Hall University
Website: http://scholarship.shu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=3564&context=dissertations
Date Accessed: 27 June 2018
Quotation:
Zehner (2011) conducted a study at Purdue University using a dataset that contained 7,392 records for engaged students and 182,666 records for Purdue students generally. He found that co-curricular activity participation resulted in higher engagement and that engaged students earned higher GPAs.
A 1999 study suggests that ACCAP may increase a student’s investment in school, which may promote better attitudes and habits (Cooper, Valentine, Nye, & Lindsay, 1999). This sense of belonging is closely related to student satisfaction in school. They look forward to participating in activities with friends and trusted adult leaders. There is also evidence that ACCAP reduces the risky behaviours of high school students (Eccles & Barber, 1999). Students have stated that they experienced an increase in motivation and a sense of involvement in school with ACCAP (Gerber, 1996).

Author: Anuar Ahmad
Date Published: October 2016
Title: Co-Curricular Activities and Its Effect On Social Skill
Source: National University of Malaysia
Website: https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Anuar_Ahmad9/publication/320044239_CO-CURRICULAR_ACTIVITIES_AND_ITS_EFFECT_ON_SOCIAL_SKILLS/links/59ca9515a6fdcc451d581d20/CO-CURRICULAR-ACTIVITIES-AND-ITS-EFFECT-ON-SOCIAL-SKILLS.pdf?origin=publication_detail
Quotation: . Among of the research stated here is the research by Rohanida Abdul Manaf and Mohd Sofian Omar Fauzee (2002), and Mohd Hamidi Abdul Hamid (2002) which investigation on the role of co-curricular activities in developing individual leadership skills. The results showed that extra-curricular activities are capable to nurture, develop and give an early exposure on the aspect of leadership, integrities, and community among students

Author: Wan Nurashida binti Adnan and Sarebah Binti Warman
Date Published: 3 April 2017
Title: Extra-curricular Activities Affect Students to Develop Social Skills
Source: University Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia
Website: http://eprints.uthm.edu.my/9084/1/1491657449_ELIXIR2017015534.pdf
Quotation: -Co-curricular learning environment outside of the classroom also play an important role in influencing a person’s behavior and also one of the important elements in the formation of students social skills (Denault & Dèry, 2014).

-Research by Rozita (2009) stated that the effect of interpersonal support from parents, peers, school and the physical environment to the involvement of teenagers in social activities aimed to identify students’ perceptions towards social support given by parents, peers, school, physical facilities and its relationship with involvement in physical activities during leisure time.

Author: Benard Kisango
Date Published: 17 November 2016
Title: Factors Influencing Students’ Participation In Co-Curricular Activities
Source: University of Nairobi
Website: http://erepository.uonbi.ac.ke/bitstream/handle/11295/99137/Kisango_Factors%20Influencing%20Students%E2%80%99%20Participation%20in%20Co-curricular%20Activities%20in%20Public%20Secondary%20Schools%20in%20Lamu%20County%20Kenya.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y
Quotation: CCA (Co-curricular activities) foster the development of co-operation and establish important social negotiation skills within the peer group (Eccles & Templeton, 2002).

Presentation Scripts
Chiu Yi:
Dawson:
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