Lack of improved drinking water services influences everybody’s health, education, life expectancy, well-being and social development. According to figure 1, out of the sample households 83(56.5) indicated that they have not encountered any water born diseases and 64(43.5%) described they were suffered by disease like typhoid, typhus, malaria, Ameba, Guardia are the main.
The interview conducted with key informants of Sodo town water service office and health office officials also indicated the occurrence of health problems caused by waterborne disease. Furthermore, the health office experts confirmed that water related health problems are the main health problems in the town. According to the sample respondents and the key informants’ description these diseases occurred when they use impure water for drinking during long periods of water shortage and interruptions. Concerning to these respondents stated during field observation when they use stream, spring and other water option for drinking especially during long period water supply interruption is occurred in the town. Thus, to prevent the incident of such waterborne diseases, water treatment is extremely important. Thus, huge efforts should be made by the town water service office and responsible bodies to increase water supply and distribution in the town.
4.4 Coordination and participation of stakeholders to improve water supply and distribution
Yitayh 2011) stated that if due consideration is not paid to social aspects while planning, the risk is high and the water supply system either will not be used or will be misused. Therefore, full participation of the community is needed in all phases of water supply projects and existences of an alternative traditional water sources.
Table4.10. Responsible for water supply and distribution in the town
Responsible for water supply and distribution in the town Frequency Percent
Government 37 25.2
Community based organization 12 8.2
NGOs 23 15.6
NGOs and Government 44 29.9
All 31 21.1
Total 147 100.0
Source: field survey, 2017
In line with Table 10, as concerning the responsible bodies for providing water supply and distribution services, 37 (25.2%) of the sampled households believed agreed on government, 12 (8.2%) indicated that society based organization participation, 23 (15.6%) of the household respondents described NGOs, 42 (28.5%) stated that both NGOs and government, 33 (22.4%) of respondents indicated that all are the responsible body to provide water supply and distribution in town. The greater part of the sampled respondents indicated both government and NGOs were responsible bodies to supply water. During field observation community indicated there are contributions from both the government and NGOs it is not satisfactory to maintain the service.