The first study embarks on the study of anxiety by delving into the primary causes of anxiety namely fear and stress. The normal person has an adequately coordinated response to the two conditions of stress and fear while an individual with an anxiety disorder exhibits an excessive and supernormal tendency to get their stress and fear senses aroused. The condition is also coupled with feelings of apprehension, uncertainty, and fear that persist over a normal duration an individual may take. The research also classifies the anxieties by the types and the characteristic symptoms and the causes or side effects they have on the victims. To highlight a few of the biological causes of anxiety, aspects of age, gender and medical conditions are some of the most dwelt on factors that cause anxiety.
The second article discusses the structural mechanism of the body and its intricacies plus the role the brain plays in managing and controlling anxiety disorders. One of the fundamental basis of the research is that the biological disorder has a genetic component hence the reason why psychiatric disorders are associated with hereditary genes that are passed from one generation to the next. The article also identifies some of the classes of anxiety diseases like panic disorder and phobias. The gene element manifests during the early stages of birth of patients as babies exhibit different reactions to stimulation or conditions of stress than others. In that sense, the research makes a deduction that babies who have extra sensitive temperaments are at a greater risk of developing anxiety-related conditions later in life. In general, individuals who have such reactive senses to conditions of stress and pressure tend to develop anxiety-related disorders and suffer pathological levels of anxiety.
The first study used survey method and relied on other previously conducted studies on the topic of biological causes of anxiety. Some of the sources relied on are from credible sources like food and drugs association and the Institute of medicine. Some of the reports reviewed included the study conducted on war veterans and the percentages of the soldiers who suffered anxiety related causes after the war I Afghanistan.
The second study employed a sample frame analysis. The sample size chosen for the research involved fifty chosen people with anxiety disorders and another a hundred and twenty for control purposes. The selected groups were then administered with questions and retrospective questionnaires. The answered questionnaires were then collected, and a total of one hundred and eighty-nine were returned and further investigations conducted by the research team.
The generalized study one revealed a significant level of the population suffering anxiety-related disorders. The most common among the classes of the disorders revealed as generalized anxiety disorder at its prevalence ranges to five percent of the population. The signs associated with the victims varied from one person to the next, but crosscutting effects were seen as the constant state of worry. The other symptoms include the victims becoming overly perfectionist and too unsure of themselves. Most of the patients also show some sense of restlessness easily irritable and occasional disturbed sleep.
The study two indicated that the assessments of the relationship between childhood experiences as a biological factor that come into play as the causal agent of the anxiety-related condition. The findings from the questionnaires indicate the higher level of trauma during childhood stages of the conditions like family feuds, sexual abuse, illnesses and other factors.
The first study recognizes the fact that anxiety disorders are caused by a combination of both biological, psychological and environmental factors. In most instances, exposure to conditions of stress at an early stage in a person’s developmental process makes them more susceptible than the rest of the population. It also traces the incidences of attacks to a person’s genes through establishing the fact that high chances of a relative of the patients having differed the conditions of stress and anxiety. Further, other classes of the condition such as obsessive-compulsive disorder are most likely to affect the females than they are to the males indicating a higher prevalence to other genders. To a wider scope, other risk factors may expose a patient to conditions of pressure and anxiety-like traumatic events. The events that trigger anxiety like incidences of terror attacks cause and exposes people to conditions that make them vulnerable and susceptible to attacks.
Finally, the study on the veterans shows that exposure to conditions of war exposed a person more to the conditions of anxiety compared to other factors of biological nature. To rectify some of the mentioned conditions of anxiety, cognitive behavioural therapy alongside another medical procedure can be employed. The therapy sessions can help reduce incidences of suffering in pre-exposed children to conditions of anxiety with critical points in all the process being placed on the identification of the sources of anxiety in specific subjective patients. Psychological education and general enlightenment about anxiety can help people cope with the various conditions.
https://www.umm.edu/health/medical/reports/articles/anxiety-disorders Study 1
Naomi M. Simon et al. (2004) Anxiety Disorder Comorbidity in Bipolar Disorder Patients: Data From the First 500 Participants in the Systematic Treatment Enhancement Program for Bipolar Disorder (STEP-BD) Study 2.