In order for small businesses to grow, expand , and prosper, management teams need to follow a basic and profound skill to achieve business success. If these management skills do not get enough attention, the end result will soon be the failure of the enterprise. To succeed, the managers of small businesses need to master three key management skills: technical skills, interpersonal skills and conceptual skills, but also some professional skills of small businesses to succeed, must include planning, organization, guidance and control. Small business owners may not be able to acquire these skills because they do not have the opportunity to pass courses or college education. Without these skills, small businesses are unlikely to succeed, but by implementing them, they will experience growth and prosperity.First of all, human skills are the management of interpersonal skills and need to enable employees to work effectively and efficiently.In the process of adapting to human skills, employees need to be able to communicate, motivate and guide them to achieve the goals and objectives set for them.For managers of small businesses, interpersonal skills are essential because of business needs, which can be effectively communicated with employees through e-mail, mobile phones, faxes, and even new forms such as instant messaging. NG likes MSN and social networking sites, such as Facebook and Twitter.(Drucker, P. F., 2007)
In addition, conceptual skills are managers’ability to see an organization as a unified whole and to understand how each part of a small business works together.(Drucker, P. F., 2007) An subordinates transmit information to their subordinates. An efficient manager with conceptual skills will be able to pinpoint how changes in one department of an organization affect the rest of the organization.Planning is the process of predicting future events and conditions and determining the course of action to achieve organizational goals.Effective planning can help management teams consolidate small business ideas, minimize and avoid costly mistakes, and seize huge and useful opportunities.The planning process should start with any new project to be executed, which can be accomplished by using mind mapping skills, lists, or project management pros and cons lists.Without a plan, organizations fail because they can’t prove that their budgeting takes time, manpower, cost, and materials to complete the project.( Ebert, R.J., Griffin, R. W., 2007).
Next I will talk about the difference between a manager and leader.When you are promoted to the role of a manager, you will not automatically become a leader.There are important differences between manager and leader.(William Arruda,2016)
First most important differences is leaders build relationships and managers build systems and processes.Leader focus on people which is all stakeholder need to be affected to achieve their vision. They know who their stakeholders are and spend most of their time on them. They build loyalty and trust by consistently fulfilling their commitments. Managers are concerned about the necessary structure for setting and achieving goals. They focus on analyzing and ensuring that the system is in place to achieve the desired results. They work with individuals and their goals and objectives.(Arruda, W. (2018).
Another major differences between leaders and managers is how their duties and relationship with their followers differ.Leaders create or innovate at the same time as managers manage.Meaning that leaders are individuals who come up with new ideas in order to shift most of the organization to more beneficial and profitable new directions.He must constantly focus on the horizon and come up with new strategies and constantly.For him,it is important to understand the latest trends, learning and skill sets.Instead,the manager maintains a system that has been established and is in use.His responsibility is to maintain control and ensure that things work properly and everyone in the staff is doing his or her best to contributing fully and effectively.(Kotter,1983).He is stubborn and cannot be creative in performing his duties,so he will not be considered a business leader.
In conclusion,we can know about the importance of a good management and we also learn about leader and manager have there own responsibilities for their job.
In the early 20th century by HYPERLINK "https://wiki.mbalib.com/wiki/%E5%BC%97%E9%9B%B7%E5%BE%B7%E9%87%8C%E5%85%8B%C2%B7%E6%B8%A9%E6%96%AF%E6%B4%9B%C2%B7%E6%B3%B0%E5%8B%92" o "Frederick Winslow Taylor" Frederick Winslow Taylor ( HYPERLINK "https://wiki.mbalib.com/wiki/Frederick_Winslow_Taylor" o "Frederick Winslow Taylor" Frederick Winslow Taylor , 1856-1915) initiated the scientific management revolution led to the creation of classical management theory. The representatives of classical management theory HYPERLINK "https://wiki.mbalib.com/wiki/%E5%BC%97%E9%9B%B7%E5%BE%B7%E9%87%8C%E5%85%8B%C2%B7%E6%B8%A9%E6%96%AF%E6%B4%9B%C2%B7%E6%B3%B0%E5%8B%92" o "Frederick Winslow Taylor" Frederick Winslow Taylor , HYPERLINK "https://wiki.mbalib.com/wiki/%E4%BA%A8%E5%88%A9%C2%B7%E6%B3%95%E7%BA%A6%E5%B0%94" o "Henry Fayol" Henry Fayol , HYPERLINK "https://wiki.mbalib.com/wiki/%E9%A9%AC%E5%85%8B%E6%96%AF%C2%B7%E9%9F%A6%E4%BC%AF" o "Max Weber" Max Weber solve the management problems of HYPERLINK "https://wiki.mbalib.com/wiki/%E4%BC%81%E4%B8%9A" o "enterprise" enterprises and HYPERLINK "https://wiki.mbalib.com/wiki/%E7%A4%BE%E4%BC%9A%E7%BB%84%E7%BB%87" o "Social organization" social organizations from three different perspectives, namely, workshop workers, office HYPERLINK "https://wiki.mbalib.com/wiki/%E6%80%BB%E7%BB%8F%E7%90%86" o "General manager" general managers and organizations . Provided guidance and HYPERLINK "https://wiki.mbalib.com/wiki/%E7%A7%91%E5%AD%A6%E7%90%86%E8%AE%BA" o "Scientific theory" scientific theoretical methods for HYPERLINK "https://wiki.mbalib.com/wiki/%E7%AE%A1%E7%90%86%E6%80%9D%E6%83%B3" o "Management thought" management ideas for the problems of HYPERLINK "https://wiki.mbalib.com/wiki/%E5%8A%B3%E8%B5%84%E5%85%B3%E7%B3%BB" o "Labour Relations" labor relations , HYPERLINK "https://wiki.mbalib.com/wiki/%E7%AE%A1%E7%90%86%E5%8E%9F%E7%90%86" o "Management principle" management principles and principles, and HYPERLINK "https://wiki.mbalib.com/wiki/%E7%94%9F%E4%BA%A7%E6%95%88%E7%8E%87" o "Productivity" production efficiency in the organization of social organizations at that time . HYPERLINK "https://wiki.mbalib.com/wiki/%E4%BC%81%E4%B8%9A" o "enterprise" HYPERLINK "https://wiki.mbalib.com/wiki/%E7%A4%BE%E4%BC%9A%E7%BB%84%E7%BB%87" o "Social organization" HYPERLINK "https://wiki.mbalib.com/wiki/%E5%8A%B3%E8%B5%84%E5%85%B3%E7%B3%BB" o "Labour Relations" HYPERLINK "https://wiki.mbalib.com/wiki/%E7%AE%A1%E7%90%86%E5%8E%9F%E7%90%86" o "Management principle" HYPERLINK "https://wiki.mbalib.com/wiki/%E7%94%9F%E4%BA%A7%E6%95%88%E7%8E%87" o "Productivity" HYPERLINK "https://wiki.mbalib.com/wiki/%E7%AE%A1%E7%90%86%E6%80%9D%E6%83%B3" o "Management thought" HYPERLINK "https://wiki.mbalib.com/wiki/%E7%A7%91%E5%AD%A6%E7%90%86%E8%AE%BA" o "Scientific theory"
The classical management theory was born in the United States in the early 20th century and is closely related to the HYPERLINK "https://wiki.mbalib.com/wiki/%E7%BB%8F%E6%B5%8E" o "economic" economic , social and cultural development of the United States at that time . According to the five-stage theory of economic growth of American HYPERLINK "https://wiki.mbalib.com/wiki/%E7%BB%8F%E6%B5%8E%E5%AD%A6%E5%AE%B6" o "economist" economist? HYPERLINK "https://wiki.mbalib.com/wiki/%E7%BD%97%E6%96%AF%E6%89%98" o "Rostow" Rostow , the development of human society has experienced the traditional stage, the pre-flight stage, the take-off stage, the mature stage and the high consumption stage. The era of classical management theory was the time when the United States was in the stage of take-off. During this period, there has been continuous growth in society, and it is possible to create high growth rates through innovation or through the use of new resources in major growth sectors, and to stimulate other aspects of the social economy to expand energy. Due to the economic take-off period, almost the entire economy is growing rapidly, so that those with economic modernization concepts can overcome the social and cultural achievements in those who adhere to the traditional social concept. The powerful stimulating power emanating from the take-off phase can be expressed either in the form of industrial revolution, in the form of technological innovation, or in the form of changes in HYPERLINK "https://wiki.mbalib.com/wiki/%E7%AE%A1%E7%90%86%E6%96%B9%E5%BC%8F" o "Management method" management methods . At that time, it was precisely in response to the economic development needs of the take-off phase that classical management theory broke out.
Administrative management is also a kind of classical management theory. It is a systematic way of organizing things. The methods of the system include clear tasks, division of labor and hierarchy of organization. This management concept emphasizes the improvement of organization’s performance and overall function. Henry Fayol (1841-1925) is a famous figure in this field. He proposed that planning, organization, command, coordination and control are the main functions of administrative management. This method is still in practice in various organizations, but its function has been slightly modified. The various management books written today are based on these basic functions, which played the same role as those of the Fayol era. He is a French industrialist, so he writes books in French. His writings were translated into English in the decades after his death.( HYPERLINK ;http://www.businessstudynotes.com/author/admin/; Zkjadoon,2016)
Next,I would like to suggest administrative management theory.The theory of administrative management is trying to find a reasonable way to design a whole organization. The theory generally requires a formal administrative structure, a clear division of labor, and the delegation of authority and authority to administrators concerned with their areas of responsibility.Henri Fayol a French industrialist was one of the most influential management thinkers who developed one of the Classical Management Theory known as ‘Administrative Management’.Scientific management theory focuses on improving the productivity of workshops, while Fayol’s theory is needed to find guidelines for managing complex organizations such as factories. Fayol’s early effort was to identify effective management skills and principles. According to Cole (2004), Fayol believes that sound management belongs to certain models that can be analyzed once identified, so he focuses on the management of business operations, which he believes is the most easily overlooked. According to his management experience, he formulated fourteen general principles of management. It is generally believed that managers were not born before Fayol. He insists that management, like other skills, is a skill that can be taught and learned once the principles underlying management are understood.
In today’s classical management theory world is gradually declining, the main reason behind it is that classical theorists believe that people and their needs are the needs of secondary organizations.
Boone, L.E., Kurtz D.L., (2005) Contemporary Business 11edition, Thomson& South-Western, United States
Drucker, P. F., (2007) The Practice of management, Elsevier Limited, Oxford
Ebert, R.J., Griffin, R. W., (2007) Business Essentials 6edition, Pearson- Prentice Hall, New Jersey
Certo, S. C., Certo, S. T., (2006) Modern Management, Pearson- Prentice Hall, New Jersey
Topics, Sample Papers & Articles Online for Free. (2016). Leaders vs Managers. Online. Available at: HYPERLINK "https://studymoose.com/leaders-vs-managers-essay" https://studymoose.com/leaders-vs-managers-essayAccessed: 23 Oct. 2018
Arruda, W. (2018). 9 Differences Between Being A Leader And A Manager. online Forbes. Available at: https://www.forbes.com/sites/williamarruda/2016/11/15/9-differences-between-being-a-leader-and-a-manager/#2c7077744609 Accessed 24 Oct. 2018.