Topic: LiteraturePoems

Last updated: April 25, 2019

Expressive and persuasive discoveries can be aggravated by need, wonder or curiosity, and eventually, transform the individual’s insight of both their identity and the wider world. Throughout the development of discovery, the individual is frequently confronted with new perspectives and understandings of rigid values and beliefs, and so they are compelled to opinionate their lives and civilization in a dissimilar light. The ability to be modified through new aspects of discoveries was portrayed through Robert Gray’s poetry, which divulges discoveries that result from curiosity and wonder that have a transformative impression on the speaker.

In Robert Gray’s poem, ‘Late ferry’ the protagonist’s motives for his wonder for the appealing brightness of development in Sydney Harbor has contributed in a huge part of his alteration. Consequently, through his sense of wonder, he finds that the illuminations are mentally meaningless therefore enhances a stronger knowledge of himself by seeing peace in the plainness of life. This was shown through the alliteration that refers to the remarkable appearance of the bridge, “A Busby Berkely spectacular// with thousands in frenzied, far-off”. The alliteration indirectly highlights the miniscule figure of the ferry, striding its way into a larger than life spectacular. Similarly, ‘Flames and dangling wire’ undergoes a personal interest as he travels through the process of a rubbish dump and discovers the consequences of modern consumerism. As the title ‘Flames and Dangling Wire’ is ominous that conveys an inexplicable sense of chaos and destruction, a post-apocalyptic environment. Another poem written by Gray is “Diptych”; the title is described as a painting that incorporates two distinct panels that are connected together in some way. It has constructed an individual subjective memories defines the wonder of the poet, who discovers that his parent’s personality’s inherent differences. These poems have effectively constructed the ideas of transformation through need, wonder or curiosity.

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Through wonder, Gray’s metaphoric poem, ‘Late Ferry’ examines the discoveries that there is the intricate network of analogies between what he sees and the many other small things that triggers the understanding of urbanization, life and death. The poet records his observation through many darkening descriptions “the huge dark harbor” the connotation and symbolism suggests that the look is mysterious, ominous and threatening. As follows their outlook of the ferry, the protagonist portrays the idea of the uncertainties and menacing of life through the juxtaposition of light and shade, “Street lights’ fluorescence// over the dark water, ceaseless”. The concept of light and darkness are constantly being mentioned throughout the poem reflecting the struggle between life and death. The simile of “like chromosomes// uniting and dividing” suggests that the water is both a life force and also metaphorically reinforcing a passage to death “empty darkness// as if into ice”. By the idea of wonder the poet has heavily been captivated to the lights of the city, “wandering through the projector’s beam”, the use of symbolism suggests that the poet is drawn to its glitter and sparkle. Yet it also proposes intimidations as this often leads to destruction. Through grasping the graphics of the sight the poet is able to activate a more pure knowledge of the harbor and the ferry informed by classical allusion and reinforced by color and light contrast. By the poet’s acceptance of the sights they’re able to alter their understanding of the world and sense what is hidden in the darkness.

Gray’s ‘Flames and Dangling Wire’ leads the protagonist through the path of curiosity to visit a city rubbish dump, which functions as a microcosm of broader Australian society and discover the consequences of consumerism. The protagonist metaphorically communicated the influences of consumerism through “It was an always burning dump” described as a fire burning infinitely with inevitable echoes. Similarly, the poet conveyed the concept to question readers of mankind doings through the simile ” Behind us, the city// driven like stakes into the earth” describing the dissociation with the place and horrifically identifying the split between urban environment and the domestic waste. The poet also queries mankind’s careless destruction on whether it is ruining or advancing Australian citizens. Whilst exploring, the poet finds the characteristic nature of humanity to consume and destroy demonstrated through the gruesome allusion to death and the simile “a landscape of tin cans, of cars like skulls”. The abhorrence of the dump was highlighted through the utilization of hellish imagery “forking over rubbish over the dampened fires”, complementing the dystonic landscape. Soon after the poet realizes they are too apart of the future “Knowing all that he does about us, // how can be avoid a hatred of men?” The collective pronouns show that the poet is also acknowledging a shared blame. Also the rhetorical question presents challenges of ‘who we are and what we’ve become’. Flames and Dangling Wire was portrayed as an effect of curiosity that has allowed the poet to determine inexperienced findings.

Through wonder and thought, Robert Gray’s poem ‘Diptych’ had a protagonist who subjected his dissimilarities and how it affected him. The title itself serves as a metaphor emphasizing the discovery of the differences concerning his parents’ personalities, which balance to originate his identity. The protagonist examines the idea of “In those years” the concept of past tense evaluates how he learns about his father as an adult. This shows that the new findings had lead to a new perspective. The persona also finds a contrast in his mother who is both a “harassed” and “calm” person. Along with the description of his father whom is a “drunkard” who was a dejected pessimist highlighted through the paradox “proclaimed the bitterness of every pleasure”. Regardless of his “callousness”, the poet finds the never-ending promise between his father and he transmitted metaphorically in “mauvish-grey marble dust”. After discovering their parent’s the poet proclaimed “Her care you could watch reappear like the edge of tidal water// in salt flats, about everything” the smile shows that the poet feels dependable and secured. The poet’s discovery was aggravated by surprise and delivered a refined insight into his parents’ starkly different characteristics.

Discoveries are frequently impulsive and attain a renewed perception; often they are created from curiosity, wonder or necessity. Gray’s “Flames and Dangling” wire explores the findings of the persona, which was generated by his inquisitiveness throughout a visit to a dump, whereas his personal “Diptych” reveals his discovery of his parent’s conflicting personalities through wonder. As well as “Late Ferry” revealing the strong metaphoric figures of life and death. It is also portraying strong concept urbanization. Moreover, these poems have contributed to the concept of the poet’s motivation of wonder, curiosity or need discovery has the power to be transformative.


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