Dissociative identity disorder , also known as multiple personality disorder is a mental disorder characterized by at least two distinct and relatively enduring personality states. There is often trouble remembering some events , beyond what would be explained by ordinary forgetfulness. A individual with dissociative identity disorder has two or more different and district personalities , the person’s regular personality are called alternate personalities. The individual can experience amnesia when an alter takes control over the person’s behavior. Each alter has distinct individual traits , personal history , and a way of thinking. The individual with the disorder may or may not be aware of the other personality states and memories of the times when an alter is dominant. Stress, or even a reminder of a trauma, can trigger a switch of alters. The “alters” or different identities have their own age, sex, or race. Each has his or her own postures, gestures, and distinct way of talking. Sometimes the alters are imaginary people and they can even be animals. As each personality reveals itself and controls the individuals’ behavior and thoughts, it’s called “switching.” Switching can take seconds to minutes to days. When under hypnosis, the person’s different “alters” or identities may be very responsive to the therapist’s requests.Some believe that because DID patients are easily hypnotized, their symptoms are iatrogenic, meaning they have arisen in response to therapists’ suggestions. Brain imaging studies, however, have corroborated identity transitions in some patients. Individuals who is suffering from DID usually have a main personality that psychiatrists refer to as the “host.” This is generally not the person’s original personality, but is rather one developed in response to childhood trauma. It is usually this personality that seeks psychiatric help. DID patients are often frightened by their dissociative experiences, which can include losing awareness of hours or even days, meeting people who claim to know them by another name, or feeling “out of body.” It’ll just be like speaking to a new person.
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