Define the Term Eating Disorder
Eating disorders are a serious mental health issue, it involves disordered eating behaviours. This could mean limiting the amount of food eaten, eating large quantities of foot are one then getting rid of the food by making it come out of your body. (Beatingeatingdisorders2017) As well as having this definition this support group also has relevant research to my hypothesis as to why certain eating disorders come about they agree that the media has a part to play in some of their patient’s diagnosis of eating disorders.
Investigate the influencing factors causing an eating disorder.
Trying to determine why someone has an eating disorders can be difficult as there is no single reason as to why someone develops this. There is world class research on this subject a large amount which has taken places within the UK (Beatingdisorder.co.uk 2015) They have shown to agree with my hypothesis is saying that the media play a massive role in how teenagers look at their body. Eating Disorders Hope findings demonstrated of the risk factors contributing to eating disorders and there was a very detailed description explaining how the media put pressure on young girls by fat shaming certain celebrities and it has become a cultural norm. They discussed a relevant point in saying if young girls are seeing this done to celebrities who are meant to be role certain peoples role models being humiliated because of fat on their body. However certain Celebes are starting to speak out about this such as Lady Gaga who took to Instagram writing” I heard my body is a topic of conversation, so I wanted to say, I’m proud of my body and you should be proud of yours too” which now is becoming more common among celebrities she then went on to utilize social media platform about speaking out against body shaming.
The introduction of social media especially Facebook and Instagram which had come out in 2004 and 2010 has increased the exposure to photo shopped images as now regular women are able to Photoshop their body to make them have the ‘perfect’ body this the caused them to have negative thoughts about their body causing them to diet excessively. www.nedc.com. The Mental health organisation conducted research which consisted of an analysis of 25 body images were shown to women and men at the age of 12to 20. The research proved that younger women are more effected by the body imaged than boys and older women. This research was aimed to show teenagers that we cannot all look like models and showing that there is real support out there because people are conducting research to understand how overcome this problem.
Interesting information has been produced this year by the NHS stating that “The latest research is showing us that eating disorders are much more biologically based that we have previously thought”. They then went onto explain that more and more cases of eating disorders are being linked to genetics. They do agree with other contributing factors, such as environmental, the media and social aspects. This is an interesting topic and is having more research done.
Evaluate the Physical, Intellectual, Emotional and Social effects of an eating disorder
Mental health 2016 has conducted research on the physical effects of eating disorders. They stated that their research has found more than 20% of people living with anorexia will die prematurely from their condition, this clearly shows that eating disorders are a very serious condition. www.miror-miror.co.uk. There are immediate physical effects as the body struggles to function without the right nutrients and fuel that it needs. A person is at risk of developing long term and life-threatening diseases particularly in the hear as it becomes weaker. Blood pressure will also fall flow slowing up the pulse rate. Nutritional is known to have an effect on bone growth as it is mostly common in teenagers who are still going through puberty the bones are trying to grow and strengthen but because they are not getting the right nutrients they are unable to grow the best of their ability.
A person’s concertation is affected by under eating. This is because the brain requires energy to function. This could particular effect someone in a school environment as they will not be able to do class activates well and will be very distracted missing out on relevant notes. Someone with anorexia will have a constant obsession about food which may interfere with their ability to attend other hobbies or duties. www.nationaleatingdisorder.org
A person who is experience anorexia or bulimia will have a range of different emotions going through their head as they always have that constant feeling that they are not good enough and everywhere they look has images of women or men with perfect body’s. These feelings can lead to depression which will then be heightened by under eating as they are trying to lose the weight the weight the wrong way by cutting down important nutrients. Social aspects pressure young women into obtaining the perfect body and because of this it is causing individuals to have low self-esteem, depression, anxiety, anger, stress or loneliness. This is all having a negative on someone’s emotional health causing them to self-harm or even worse take their life. www.newbridge-health.org.uk
People suffering from an eating disorder will often withdraw from social situations especially those involving food e.g. meals with friends or family birthday dinners. Research into Anorexia and Bulimia has identified a number of personality traits that should be looked out for, obsessive compulsiveness which could potentially affect a relationship as the partner could get frustrated at the constant control of their life. They could also have negative emotional feeling which could affect friendships and because other self-esteem is so ow they will not want to go out for sociable events with family or friends. www.newbridge-health.org.uk
Identify what local support groups are available for eating disorders.
There are certain services that has been designed alongside a model of care. By law each voluntary organisation has to give a comprehensive assessment of need and risk assessment in line with PCQ guidance Members of this review team met with a number of voluntary organisation all around Northern Ireland informing them on the guidelines. (DHSSPS May 2014) There are two different types of voluntary groups the health and social care trust lead some of these would be more professional trusts that would be able offer counselling and referrals onto hospitals etc. Other support groups are just let by volunteers that would offer 24-hour helplines and support groups to talk about feelings. In these organisations staff would asses the presenting needs and refer the patients to the service this could include referrals to psychologist, psychiatrist, or a specialist. This is evidence that the government are putting in effort to supporting the support groups by setting out a care plan and funding some organisations. The western CAMHS team provides eating disorders services all over Ireland, Belfast, Derry, Omagh and Enniskillen this ensures that there are local services provided to everyone. There are range of caring therapies that support groups would use. It would be discussed with them first then goals would be set out to correct any medical problems, and help them reach a health weight
The National centre for eating disorders agrees with my hypothesis on their website they give detailed descriptions of how the media they offer counselling support groups and a helpline service. It is by Deanne Jade who is one of the main people who run this organisation she had produced this article from their evidence of having women and men in their counselling telling them what factors made them feel the need to diet or binge eat. www.eatingdisorders.org.uk
A very popular support group for eating disorders would be WHSC eating disorder trust which provides a detailed leaflet on how their support group is run and the type of therapists that will be involved in their care plan. www.westerntrust.hscni.net
Define the Term Eating Disorder