Topic: HistoryCanada

Last updated: January 1, 2020

Citizens of the American colonies had the same right as to citizens in England before 1763. Opposed to “kangaroo courts”, colonists had a right to a trial by jury. The American colonies had a colonial assembly-elected legislature meaning elected representatives would meet with the governor and assembly members in privy meetings, subsequently known as the lower house of legislature. Members of the colonial legislatures had the rights to speak their minds without the fear of consequences; in other words, Americans enjoyed and shared the same rights as Englishmen certainly, until the early 1760s. The Seven Years’ War (known in America as the French and Indian War) changed everything.Beginning 1754, the French and Indian War was the North American conflict in a larger imperial war between Great Britain and France following the withdrawl of the Treaty of Paris in 1763. This war contributed to the gain of Great Britain’s vast territorial gains in North America.

 This did not make the land French, but in 1753, a new French governor arrived in Canada with a vision to build forts throughout the Ohio valley. There, they bumped into settlers from the British colonies of Virginia and Pennsylvania who were moving west in search of land. The war’s disputes caused commotions over frontier policies and paying the war’s expenses led to colonial displeasure.Prior to the ending of the Seven Years’ War in 1763, few colonists in British North America refused to their position within the British Empire. In order to house soldiers, many colonists had to house and feed soldiers.

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Soldiers experienced pay cuts, thus making soldiers enter the local labor markets to compete with unemployed colonists for jobs. Controversy occured when securely housed and fed soldiers offered to work for less than the living wage. Working class colonists evoked resentment towards the repercussions of the war. The British Empire reaped many benefits from the British imperial system and bore few costs for those benefits.

  after 1620, colonists turned to intensive tobacco horticulture, due to the fact that they failed in their pursual for gold, and also attempts to raise silk, citrus products, and other potential cash crops. Planters felt obligated to aquire large quantities of land in order to obtain consistent levels of production.  Tobacco consumed soil fertility so rapidly that the crave for land was at an all time high. After a few years, one field would no longer bear a good crop, cultivation was moved to others.Although Britain eventually achieved victory over France and its allies, victory became a great cost. An astounding war debt caused an influence on British policies over the next decade.

Conflicts began when Parliament imposed a series of taxes on the colonies to raise money by enforcing tax laws, reforming the colonial administration, and stationing troops in homes that conflicts with colonists. Without approval from the colonies, these taxes urged opposition leading to colonial resistance. Furthermore, American colonists were treated poorly being looked down upon by British soldiers and officials. This adjustment led many colonists to wish for a return to the period of neglect, questioning their lack of representation in Parliament. By the mid-1770s, Americans and the British administration relations beame strained and bitter.


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