CHAPTER: 1 INTRODUCTION
Since the degree project only include recommendation for the work that has to be done in order to demonstrate the important of applying project portfolio management by highlighting their attributes, it is impossible to define in advance what the consequences of this project would be for the target group.
Fig. 1.1 DEISGN THINKING
The Gulf of Khambhat Development Project envisages the construction of Dam across the Gulf of Khambhat, connecting Kalatalav in Bhavnagar District and Aladar in Bharuch District, reducing distance between Saurashtra & South Gujarat by approximately about 150 to 170 Km.
The development of Gulf of Khambhat Development Project will boost the development in Saurashtra significantly. The proposed road over a dam will change the existing traffic scenario drastically. There is going to be significant development activity in the study area in view of the development of DMIC corridor, Dholera SIR, PCPIR and Fedra International Airport. Hence, a new detailed traffic study is warranted to assess the future traffic flow and pattern when Gulf of Khambhat Development Project is developed. The outputs of the study will provide the basis in determining the width of the proposed dam, and the road network improvements required for the smooth and efficient movement of passengers and goods and the social economic benefits of the transport component of the project.
1.2 Learning tools And Its Importance
Fig. 1.3 Learning tools And Its Importance
“Gain basic knowledge so you know the right question to ask.” Web research (but go beyond Google), Brief interviews for background, Reach out to friends who may be connected/have information on domain. More questions than answers – know what’s come before in this space, and what the main open questions are.
“Gain empathy with your target users by talking and observing them.” You need to understand your audience even better than they understand themselves. When you interview a new participant and you can anticipate their answers, even when they’re taking about detailed parts of what they do.
“Come up with a point of view statement that will inform your prototyping.” You can’t design for everyone, and you can’t fix every need you identified – instead, tightly focus on one.
“Based on your point of view, generate as any ideas as possible.” Set yourself a time limit, and try to generate a minimum number of ideas (100 ideas in 60 minutes) – come together as a team after activity, & brainstorm together.
“Make your ideas real & earn from people’s reactions to your prototype.”
“Take insights gained from prototyping and revisit your assumptions; sometimes you might go all the way back to the understand phase.
1.3 Team building and log book exercises and importance:
??Team building exercises and importance
Team building is the collection term for various type of activities used to enhance social relations and define roles within teams. These often involve collaborative tasks. Many team building exercise are intended to find and address interpersonal to find and address interpersonal problems within the group.
The formal definition of team – building includes the following pillars:
Goal Setting: Aligning around goals
Interpersonal – relationship management: Building effective working relationships
Role clarification: Reducing team members role ambiguity
Problem solving: finding solutions to team problems
??Log book exercises and importance
It is useful to think of the log book as a design diary.
It is not necessary that it is neat but, it should contain a sketches, notes and decisions pertaining to the design.
The log book should accompany the engineer to all meetings and be available for every phone call so that a personal record can be made of these communications.
If this is not practical due to bulk or size, the log book should make note of the contents of this material and the location where it is located.
Different phase of
2.1 Observation through AEIOU and other method
Collecting of Salt
Waking of Camel
Sitting of Worker
Transport of Salt
Fishing by Fisherman
Fig. 2.1A Activity
Clean ; Neat Environment
Fig. 2.1B Environment
Labour ; Manager
Truck driver ; JCB driver
JCB driver ; Labour
Supervisor ; Contractor
Truck driver ; Labour
Managing officer ; Worker
Fig. 2.1C Interaction
Gulf of Khambhat
Fig. 2.1D Object
Fig. 2.1E User
AEIOU summery framework
Fig. 2.2 AEIOU summery framework
A Mind Map is a Graphical Way to represent ideas and concepts. A mind map is a diagram used to visually organize information. A mind map is often created around a single concept, drawn as an image in the center of a blank landscape page, to which associated representations of ideas such as images, words and parts of words are added. Major ideas are connected directly to the central concept, and other ideas branch out from those. Mind maps can be drawn by hand, either as “rough notes” during a lecture, meeting or planning session.
The Eight main parts of our Topic “Kalpsar Project” in Aladar (Gulf of Khambhat)
Land Reclamation Benefits
Generation of Non-conventional Energy
Reduction in salinity
Reduction in Distance by Central Gujarat ; Saurashtra
Land Reclamation Benefits:
1.5 to 2 Lakh hectors Land Periphery
Water Current Velocity
Increase Water level
Generation of non-conventional Energy:
Irrigation from Fresh Water Reservoir
Reduction in Salinity:
Saline Ground Water Will be Converted into Sweet Water
3,00,000 tones Fish Production
1,00,000 Beneficiaries to Direct employment
3,00,000 Beneficiaries to Direct employment
Fig. 2.3 Mind mapping
Empathy mapping canvas
Our take on the empathy map came about as a way distil and organize qualitative data. We start every project by interviewing and observing current and potential person’s to better understand their pain points and aspirating. Then, as we sift through pages of raw notes, sketches, audio/video files and photos, we use the empathy map to glean the juicy parts and make it visual to help drive the user person and eventually the creative brief. Here we would like to explain the aspects of this canvas with the help of the example taken up by our team. As we need to focus on people’s emotions we wrote happy and sad story which helps us to get more attached with user.
The stakeholders in the empathy canvas are P.M. Narendra Modi, C.M.Vijay Rupani, Secretary Ms. Patel, Engineer, Government Authority, supervisor etc.
Activities of the users:
Labours are Collecting of Salt
Industrial Workers are drilling
Fishing the Fish By Fisherman
Sailor Sail the Boat
Truck driver is a drive a tuck
JCB driver is a Handling the JCB
Fig. 2.4 Empathy mapping canvas
The story is about some workers where are had gone on a site visit. When we are were observing that there was an Accident where some workers was work, but there was major loss as they wear helmets.
The story is about who are our group members. When we were observing the site. She was clicked the picture of whole but fall down because of slippery places. She tried to get some stand and there was minor less.
The story is about Mr. Miteshbhai Patel who are supervisor of the site where we had gone on a site visit. When he was explain about the site due to the sleep place. The men fell down and got hurt.
When we are returning from site visit on the way there was a bus-stop. Where a women was waiting for the bus. The bus stop was crowded with people waiting for the bus. Just as the bus arrived people started to board the bus. The women also tried to get into the bus fell down and got hurt.
Labours are collecting of salt near to the sea
Industrial workers are Drilling inside the sea
Sailor is a sail the boat in the sea
Fisherman is a Fishing the fish in the man-made lake
Truck driver drive the truck on the road
JCB driver handling the JCB near the salt
Tractor driver drive the tractor of the pavement surface
Fig. 2.5 Ideation canvas
Product development canvas
Reject, Redesign, Retain
Fig. 2.6 Product development canvas
Reduction in salinity
Easy Available of Suitable Water
Non-conventional Energy Generation
Irrigation From Freshwater Reservoir
Water supply in the Saurashtra region
Remove the Drinking Water Problems
Non-conventional energy generation
Reduction in Salinity
Fresh Water Reservoir
Secondary research ; diachronic synchronic analysis
During our visit, we have seen that there are many problems such as Pavement surface, Long Distance by central Gujarat ; Saurashtra, Salinity, Mud Flat, Not port Development, Man Made Lake at Fisheries, Not Available of Drinking Water at Saurashtra, Not Available of Agricultural purpose Water etc.
We can reduce this, problems in the future
We will provide Transportation Benefits, there so, that people will be easy transportation by Central Gujarat to Saurashtra. We will also work on Reduction in Salinity, also we will try that people can get enough ; better quality of water. Also, we suggest Generation of Non-conventional Energy like Solar Energy and Wind Energy. We will design of Fresh Water Reservoir, also we will try that people get enough quantity of water in Any Purpose like Drinking, Agricultural, Domestic, Industrial etc. We will provide better distribution system and durability of water source. Also, we suggest Port Development like Bharuch, Dahej, Dholera, Khambhat, Bhavnagar etc.
DESIGN OF MODEL
2.7 Design of model
To create words largest fresh water reservoir in sea, by construction 30 km long dam in the gulf of khambhat, to store more than 10,000 MCM of surface water, i.e. 25% of volume of states average annual rain water inflow.
10 lane road is proposed on the top of the dam. 7,500 vehicles per day estimated for year 2020, ; 1,00,000 vehicles per day for year 2030.
Wind and solar power would be generated which will also be used for lifting of fresh water of reservoir.
The alignment of a dam closing the Gulf of Khambhat as well as the Narmada estuary has been selected on the basis of:
hydraulic conditions during and after closure
reservoir volume requirements
The selected dam alignment is located between Gogha on the Saurashtra bank and Luhara Point, south of Dahej on the eastern bank of the Gulf. From Luhara Point the dam is extended across the Bharuch Channel of the Narmada estuary towards the island of Alia Bet. The dam alignment continues along the southern outline of the island and crosses the secondary branch of the Narmada estuary near Hansot.
The length of the closure of the Gulf of Khambhat between Gogha and Luhara Point amounts to 28.9 km, the dam closing the Narmada estuary has a length of 34.0 km.
The height of the closure works is not determined by reservoir water level, as is the case in river valley storage reservoirs, but by the water level conditions at the sea side of the KALPASAR reservoir. The crest level of the dam has been assessed at GTS + 13 m to prevent overtopping of the dam during extreem sea level and wave conditions. As a consequence, the maximum dam height corresponds to 53 m at the deepest part of the dam alignment, where the bottom level is at GTS – 40
Length of dam between two shores of gulf : Approx. 30 km
Top of Dam : 100 mm wide
10 lane road + Railway
Full reservoir level (FRL) : (+) 3.0 m
Maximum water Level (MWL) : (+) 4.0 m
Minimum Draw Down Level (MDDL) : (-) 4.0 m
Live storage : 10500 Mm^3
Storage between MWL ; FRL : 1900 Mm^3
Reservoir Area : 2000 sq.km
Bhadbhut Barrage ; Narmda Diversion canal :
Barrage including earthen dykes : 10 to 12 km
Narmada diversion canal Discharge : 100000 cusecs
Narmada diversion canal length : 32 km
Water envisaged for irrigation : 6558 Mm^3
Envisaged three garland canal Discharge : 40000 to 6000 cusecs
Envisaged three garland canal length : 600 to 700 cusecs
Envisaged three garland canal Elevation : EL50 m, EL80 m, EL100 m
Life of Reservoir : 400 to 500 years
Ground water quantity improvement in catchment area : 7,000,00 Ha
Land recover between EL + 5.0m to EL + 8.0m : 1,50,000 to 2,00,000 Ha
Reduction in distance:
Bhavnagar – Dahej 200 km reduce to 28 km
Bhavnagar – south Gujrat 225 km reduce to 32 km
Mumbai – Bhavnagar 720 km reduce to 460 km
Baroda – Bhavnagar 280 km reduce to 160 km
Mumbai – Jamnagar 830 km reduce to 720 km
Baroda – Porbandar 490 km reduce to 470 km
Mumbai – porbandar 930 km reduce to 770 km
Bhavnagar port will be rejuvenate
Dahej port will be outside of reservoir
New ports are proposed at down stream of dam
11. Rivers debouching in the reservoir
Sabarmati, Mahi, Dhadhar, Narmada ( through diversion canal)
Limbadi, Bhogavo, Sukhbhadar, Utavali, Keri, vagad etc.
12. Construction of dam: 5 to 7 year