CHAPTER: 1 INTRODUCTION DEISGN THINKINGSince the degree project only include recommendation for the work that has to be done in order to demonstrate the important of applying project portfolio management by highlighting their attributes, it is impossible to define in advance what the consequences of this project would be for the target group.
Fig. 1.1 DEISGN THINKING ImportanceThe Gulf of Khambhat Development Project envisages the construction of Dam across the Gulf of Khambhat, connecting Kalatalav in Bhavnagar District and Aladar in Bharuch District, reducing distance between Saurashtra & South Gujarat by approximately about 150 to 170 Km.The development of Gulf of Khambhat Development Project will boost the development in Saurashtra significantly. The proposed road over a dam will change the existing traffic scenario drastically. There is going to be significant development activity in the study area in view of the development of DMIC corridor, Dholera SIR, PCPIR and Fedra International Airport. Hence, a new detailed traffic study is warranted to assess the future traffic flow and pattern when Gulf of Khambhat Development Project is developed. The outputs of the study will provide the basis in determining the width of the proposed dam, and the road network improvements required for the smooth and efficient movement of passengers and goods and the social economic benefits of the transport component of the project.
1.2 Learning tools And Its Importance Fig. 1.3 Learning tools And Its Importance Understand”Gain basic knowledge so you know the right question to ask.” Web research (but go beyond Google), Brief interviews for background, Reach out to friends who may be connected/have information on domain. More questions than answers – know what’s come before in this space, and what the main open questions are. Observe”Gain empathy with your target users by talking and observing them.” You need to understand your audience even better than they understand themselves.
When you interview a new participant and you can anticipate their answers, even when they’re taking about detailed parts of what they do. Synthesize”Come up with a point of view statement that will inform your prototyping.” You can’t design for everyone, and you can’t fix every need you identified – instead, tightly focus on one.
Ideate”Based on your point of view, generate as any ideas as possible.” Set yourself a time limit, and try to generate a minimum number of ideas (100 ideas in 60 minutes) – come together as a team after activity, & brainstorm together. Prototypes”Make your ideas real & earn from people’s reactions to your prototype.” Iterate”Take insights gained from prototyping and revisit your assumptions; sometimes you might go all the way back to the understand phase. 1.3 Team building and log book exercises and importance:??Team building exercises and importanceTeam building is the collection term for various type of activities used to enhance social relations and define roles within teams. These often involve collaborative tasks. Many team building exercise are intended to find and address interpersonal to find and address interpersonal problems within the group.
The formal definition of team – building includes the following pillars:Goal Setting: Aligning around goalsInterpersonal – relationship management: Building effective working relationshipsRole clarification: Reducing team members role ambiguityProblem solving: finding solutions to team problems??Log book exercises and importance It is useful to think of the log book as a design diary. It is not necessary that it is neat but, it should contain a sketches, notes and decisions pertaining to the design. The log book should accompany the engineer to all meetings and be available for every phone call so that a personal record can be made of these communications. If this is not practical due to bulk or size, the log book should make note of the contents of this material and the location where it is located.
Different phase ofDesign thinking 2.1 Observation through AEIOU and other methodACTIVITY: Collecting of Salt Waking of Camel Sitting of Worker Boating Transport of Salt Fishing by Fisherman Fig. 2.1A Activity Environment: Cloudy atmosphere Cool breeze Greenery Mud Flat Humidity Fresh Air Clean ; Neat Environment Fig. 2.1B Environment Interaction: Labour ; Manager Truck driver ; JCB driver JCB driver ; Labour Supervisor ; Contractor Truck driver ; Labour Managing officer ; Worker Fig. 2.
1C Interaction Object: Gulf of Khambhat Truck JCB Salt Rack Boat Tent Man-made Lake Drilling Tower Electric Pole Fig. 2.1D Object User: Fisherman Labour Sailor Truck Driver Industrial Worker JCB driver Industrial Manager Tractor driver Fig. 2.1E User AEIOU summery framework Fig. 2.
2 AEIOU summery framework Mind MappingA Mind Map is a Graphical Way to represent ideas and concepts. A mind map is a diagram used to visually organize information. A mind map is often created around a single concept, drawn as an image in the center of a blank landscape page, to which associated representations of ideas such as images, words and parts of words are added. Major ideas are connected directly to the central concept, and other ideas branch out from those. Mind maps can be drawn by hand, either as “rough notes” during a lecture, meeting or planning session.The Eight main parts of our Topic “Kalpsar Project” in Aladar (Gulf of Khambhat) Transportation Benefits Land Reclamation Benefits Port Development Generation of Non-conventional Energy Water supply Reduction in salinity Irrigation Benefits Fisheries Development Transportation Benefits: Reduction in Distance by Central Gujarat ; Saurashtra Saving Energy Saving Fuel Low cost Saving Time Land Reclamation Benefits: 1.5 to 2 Lakh hectors Land Periphery Port Development: Water Current Velocity Increase Water level Reduced Sedimentation Generation of non-conventional Energy: Solar Energy Wind Energy Water Supply: Domestic use Irrigation from Fresh Water Reservoir Agricultural purpose Drinking Purpose Reduction in Salinity: Saline Ground Water Will be Converted into Sweet Water Irrigation Benefits: Tidal Regulators Check Dams Spreading Channels Fisheries Development: 3,00,000 tones Fish Production 1,00,000 Beneficiaries to Direct employment 3,00,000 Beneficiaries to Direct employment Fig. 2.
3 Mind mapping Empathy mapping canvasOur take on the empathy map came about as a way distil and organize qualitative data. We start every project by interviewing and observing current and potential person’s to better understand their pain points and aspirating. Then, as we sift through pages of raw notes, sketches, audio/video files and photos, we use the empathy map to glean the juicy parts and make it visual to help drive the user person and eventually the creative brief. Here we would like to explain the aspects of this canvas with the help of the example taken up by our team. As we need to focus on people’s emotions we wrote happy and sad story which helps us to get more attached with user.Stakeholders:The stakeholders in the empathy canvas are P.M. Narendra Modi, C.
M.Vijay Rupani, Secretary Ms. Patel, Engineer, Government Authority, supervisor etc.Activities of the users: Labours are Collecting of Salt Industrial Workers are drilling Fishing the Fish By Fisherman Sailor Sail the Boat Truck driver is a drive a tuck JCB driver is a Handling the JCB Fig.
2.4 Empathy mapping canvas Story Boarding:Happy:The story is about some workers where are had gone on a site visit. When we are were observing that there was an Accident where some workers was work, but there was major loss as they wear helmets.
Happy:The story is about who are our group members. When we were observing the site. She was clicked the picture of whole but fall down because of slippery places. She tried to get some stand and there was minor less.Sad:The story is about Mr.
Miteshbhai Patel who are supervisor of the site where we had gone on a site visit. When he was explain about the site due to the sleep place. The men fell down and got hurt.Sad:When we are returning from site visit on the way there was a bus-stop. Where a women was waiting for the bus. The bus stop was crowded with people waiting for the bus.
Just as the bus arrived people started to board the bus. The women also tried to get into the bus fell down and got hurt. Ideation canvas Labours are collecting of salt near to the sea Industrial workers are Drilling inside the sea Sailor is a sail the boat in the sea Fisherman is a Fishing the fish in the man-made lake Truck driver drive the truck on the road JCB driver handling the JCB near the salt Tractor driver drive the tractor of the pavement surface Fig. 2.5 Ideation canvas Product development canvasKey points: Purpose People Product Experience Product Feature Components Customer Revalidation Reject, Redesign, Retain Fig. 2.6 Product development canvas Purpose: Land Reclamation Fisheries Development Reduction in salinity Port Development Irrigation Non-conventional Energy Perceived AgriculturalPeople: Labours Industrial Worker Sailor Truck Driver JCB Driver Tractor DriverProduct Experience: Easy Transportation Port Development Easy Available of Suitable Water Fisheries DevelopmentProduct function: Irrigation Perceived Agricultural Non-conventional Energy Generation Product feature: Irrigation From Freshwater Reservoir Water supply in the Saurashtra region Remove the Drinking Water Problems Traffic Solution Easy Transportation Port Development Non-conventional energy generation Perceived agriculturalComponents: Rock Salt Drilling Tower Man-made lake Electric Pole Water Tank JCB TruckCustomer Revalidation: Port Development Reduction in Salinity Fresh Water Reservoir Fisheries Development Feedback analysis Secondary research ; diachronic synchronic analysisDuring our visit, we have seen that there are many problems such as Pavement surface, Long Distance by central Gujarat ; Saurashtra, Salinity, Mud Flat, Not port Development, Man Made Lake at Fisheries, Not Available of Drinking Water at Saurashtra, Not Available of Agricultural purpose Water etc.We can reduce this, problems in the futureWe will provide Transportation Benefits, there so, that people will be easy transportation by Central Gujarat to Saurashtra.
We will also work on Reduction in Salinity, also we will try that people can get enough ; better quality of water. Also, we suggest Generation of Non-conventional Energy like Solar Energy and Wind Energy. We will design of Fresh Water Reservoir, also we will try that people get enough quantity of water in Any Purpose like Drinking, Agricultural, Domestic, Industrial etc. We will provide better distribution system and durability of water source. Also, we suggest Port Development like Bharuch, Dahej, Dholera, Khambhat, Bhavnagar etc. DESIGN OF MODEL 2.
7 Design of model To create words largest fresh water reservoir in sea, by construction 30 km long dam in the gulf of khambhat, to store more than 10,000 MCM of surface water, i.e. 25% of volume of states average annual rain water inflow. 10 lane road is proposed on the top of the dam. 7,500 vehicles per day estimated for year 2020, ; 1,00,000 vehicles per day for year 2030. Wind and solar power would be generated which will also be used for lifting of fresh water of reservoir. DAM AIGNMENT: The alignment of a dam closing the Gulf of Khambhat as well as the Narmada estuary has been selected on the basis of: foundation conditions hydraulic conditions during and after closure construction costs reservoir volume requirementsThe selected dam alignment is located between Gogha on the Saurashtra bank and Luhara Point, south of Dahej on the eastern bank of the Gulf.
From Luhara Point the dam is extended across the Bharuch Channel of the Narmada estuary towards the island of Alia Bet. The dam alignment continues along the southern outline of the island and crosses the secondary branch of the Narmada estuary near Hansot. The length of the closure of the Gulf of Khambhat between Gogha and Luhara Point amounts to 28.9 km, the dam closing the Narmada estuary has a length of 34.
0 km. DAM HEIGHT:The height of the closure works is not determined by reservoir water level, as is the case in river valley storage reservoirs, but by the water level conditions at the sea side of the KALPASAR reservoir. The crest level of the dam has been assessed at GTS + 13 m to prevent overtopping of the dam during extreem sea level and wave conditions. As a consequence, the maximum dam height corresponds to 53 m at the deepest part of the dam alignment, where the bottom level is at GTS – 40Silent Futures: Length of dam between two shores of gulf : Approx. 30 km Top of Dam : 100 mm wide 10 lane road + Railway Reservoir Features: Full reservoir level (FRL) : (+) 3.0 m Maximum water Level (MWL) : (+) 4.
0 m Minimum Draw Down Level (MDDL) : (-) 4.0 m Live storage : 10500 Mm^3 Storage between MWL ; FRL : 1900 Mm^3 Reservoir Area : 2000 sq.km Bhadbhut Barrage ; Narmda Diversion canal : Barrage including earthen dykes : 10 to 12 km Narmada diversion canal Discharge : 100000 cusecs Narmada diversion canal length : 32 km Irrigation command Water envisaged for irrigation : 6558 Mm^3 Envisaged three garland canal Discharge : 40000 to 6000 cusecs Envisaged three garland canal length : 600 to 700 cusecs Envisaged three garland canal Elevation : EL50 m, EL80 m, EL100 m Life of Reservoir : 400 to 500 years Ground water quantity improvement in catchment area : 7,000,00 Ha Land recover between EL + 5.
0m to EL + 8.0m : 1,50,000 to 2,00,000 Ha Reduction in distance: Bhavnagar – Dahej 200 km reduce to 28 km Bhavnagar – south Gujrat 225 km reduce to 32 km Mumbai – Bhavnagar 720 km reduce to 460 km Baroda – Bhavnagar 280 km reduce to 160 km Mumbai – Jamnagar 830 km reduce to 720 km Baroda – Porbandar 490 km reduce to 470 km Mumbai – porbandar 930 km reduce to 770 km10. Ports: Bhavnagar port will be rejuvenate Dahej port will be outside of reservoir New ports are proposed at down stream of dam 11. Rivers debouching in the reservoir Sabarmati, Mahi, Dhadhar, Narmada ( through diversion canal) Limbadi, Bhogavo, Sukhbhadar, Utavali, Keri, vagad etc. 12.
Construction of dam: 5 to 7 year