Caribbean history school-based assessment
Was the different forms of resistance effective?
Name: Zoriah primus
Territory: Saint Vincent
School: Thomas Saunders Secondary
Table of contents
Types of resistance………….pg6 –
Was the different forms of resistance effective?
The researcher would like to give eternal thanks to Almighty God for the health, strength and the patience to complete this project. The student researcher would like to thank everyone who gave constructive criticism as this helped to shape this project.
The student researcher chose this topic to better shed light o the dissimilar types of resistance and its efficacy in helping the enslave Africans. As for me the student researcher this topic has allowed me to gain better understanding of resistance. Resistance of the slaves plays a major role in our history as Caribbean people, with that being said, I felt that it was my duty to show through my research topic how our African ancestor’s resisted slavery.
In this project the aim is to make the reader to have a better understanding of the different types of resistance and the reader also will be able to know which type of resistance was most successful.
Resistance played a major role in helping enslaved Africans to be free. There are two types of resistance that were practiced by the enslaved Africans: insurrectionary and non-insurrectionary or better known as passive and active.
Types of resistance
Enslaves carried out resistance on there “day-to-day” lives on the plantation, it was usually small acts of rebellion better known as passive or non-insurrectionary resistance. This was where enslaves did things such as: wasting soap, prolonging their weaning period(done by female enslaved) or even carrying out self harm and playing incompetent. These types of resistance was carried out by both male and female enslaves, sometimes they intentionally pretended to be ill to gain relief from their oppression. Women were able to falsify being ill more easily as they were expected to take care of the planters children and this made it more believable.
Female enslaves were often seen working in the household of planters, and because of this they sometimes used this to their advantage. Poisoning of their masters was very common. It seems like female enslaves may have done abortion to keep future enslaves out of slavery. Even many planters were convinced that female enslaves knew ways of pregnancy prevention .
In the history of Caribbean enslavement the enslaved Africans resisted whenever they could of the probability of slaves being triumphant at a rebellion or escaping and avoiding being recapture were so slim that most enslaves resisted in the small ways that they could. Enslaved Africans also resisted slavery through the formation of banned cultural and religious groups, which kept enslaves from giving up hope even though the consequences were severe. The other type of resistance was active resistance or insurrectionary , this consisted of the running away of slaves and rebellions . Enslaves who ran away often did so for a short period of time before returning.
The enslaves that ran away often hide in neighboring forest or visited a spouse or relative on another estate. They did this to avoid the harsh punishment that had been threatened, to gain relief from their oppression, or just to escape the everyday live under slavery. Other enslaves who were able to run away did this and escape slavery successfully . The consequences of running away was very great, enslaves risked leaving behind family members and also risked harsh punishment or even death if they were caught.
Slaves uprising in the Caribbean region were common. In multiple territories revolts occurred. There were also cases were stratagems were shut down before the revolt even started. There is no need for the discussion of the many evils of slavery suffice it to say that revolts began before long. Revolts took place in Hispaniola , Puerto Rico , Barbados, Jamaica and Antigua, also in Guadeloupe , Sainte Domigue (Haiti) , and Dominica. Enslaves that had been newly brought from Africa were more likely to rebel than the ones born on the plantation.
Cuba recorded seven major revolts in the 19th century it came in second to Jamaica which had a total of fourteen affirmed slave rebellions from the mid 18th century to the mid 19th . One of the major slave rebellion that was recorded was the Christmas rebellion also known as the Baptist war which occurred in 1831-1832 . What began as a strike during the Christmas season turned into a full blown rebellion. The enslaves was led by Samuel Sharp a literate slave ,the enslaves wanted freedom and good wages for their hard work. Approximately 14 Europeans were killed and thousands acers filled with crops were burned, but put out in approximately 10 days . A rough figure of 20,000 to 60,000 enslaves too part in this rebellion. Samuel Sharp was executed. The enslaves were promised freedom if the rebellion stopped but this promise was not kept. Many slaves were killed by the British forces that came to the island and many additional punishment were given to the enslave Africans.