Booker T. Washington’s approach was more appropriate during the time period between 1877 and 1915 than W.E.B. Du Bois’ solution. Although Dubois’ plan would bring change faster compared to Washington’s, it was much to radical. Washington’s strategy gave more time for whites to get more comfortable with the idea of social equality among blacks.
Document A, “School Enrollment by Race” poorly supports Dubois’ strategy for educating blacks. Not only were there percentages less than 5% of blacks enrolled in school, but there were a lack of teachers willing to teach black students. There was a steady increase in black students enrolled in school from 1860-1920, but it never passed the 50% mark. Although Dubois argued education will empower the black race, he also believed only ten percent of african americans were intelligent enough to cause change, “The Negro Race, like all races, is going to be saved by its exceptional men. The problem of education then, among Negroes, must first of all deal with the “Talented Tenth.” It is the problem of developing the best of this race that they may guide the Mass away from the contamination and death of the worst.(The Talented Tenth).” Washington believed that blacks only needed basic education in order to succeed in the workplace, “No time is wasted on dead languages or superfluous studies of any kind.(Document G). Washington trained blacks to be skilled factory workers in school,””, after delivering this speech Atlanta Compromise 1895 black school enrollment had a drastic spike.
Document B, “Illiteracy By Race”, effectively supports Washington’s plan for slow but definite change.from 1890 to 1910, the percentage of black people unable to read decrease from 60% to about 35% in just 20 years.This decrease in illiteracy over time would eventually allow more and more black students to attend college.Over time Booker T. Washington’s strategy for reducing discrimination in education becomes successful.

The end of the 19th century and Beginning of he 20th century Was a difficult transition period For African Americans in the US.

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W..E.B DuBois was born in Massachusetts, growing up DuBois lived in a predominantly white town and attended a predominantly white school. Unlike the south, Dubois’ teachers encouraged his studies as they would any other student. DuBois wasn’t aware of social inequalities in America until he went down south for college. White attending Fisk University, he became victim to Jim Crow laws, unfairness, and injustice. It was then that DuBois knew there must be a change to eliminate the social gap between whites and blacks especially in the south. Dubois’ childhood/livelihood played a vital part of his methods, strategies, and solutions to ending poverty and discrimination faced by black americans during this time period.Being education driven, educating seemed to be huge part of his plans.

Booker T. Washington was born a slave on a farm in Virginia. He was trained a

Booker T. Washington

(April 5, 1856-November 14, 1915)

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Booker Taliaferro Washington was an African-American educator, author, advisor to Republican presidents, and a black political leader. He was a reflection to the last generation of blacks born into slavery. Washington spoke to African Americans in the south in which they specifically couldn’t vote due to the harsh law regulating the opportunity from south lawmakers. Washington had a great talent when it came to his great speeches influencing the African American community. Although he accomplished many things in his lifetime, his greatest and perhaps most successful contribution to the South was creating Tuskegee University. With consistency Washington gained positive support from all norms such as whites, blacks, religious communities and other big contributions in enhancing his success. Booker T. Washington believed that African American accomodation to segregation should be accompanied by hardwork and patience. He was also well known for his accommodation to the political realities of Jim Crow segregation laws. In reading are textbook about Washington he focused on the issues of leadership and public appearance, his work impacted the African-American community, and also revealed the struggles amongst the African-American community. However, he accomplished so much when it came to higher education and motivating African American community. His contributions to society broke many norms for us with consistency and perseverance he made it known that African americans in his society can accomplish anything.


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