Before I get into explaining whether hereditary monarchy and democracy can go hand in hand or not, first allow me to breakdown what both terminologies indicate. Hereditary monarchy is that system of governance where the absolute power is practiced by one person who adheres the responsibilities of the crown for a duration of no less than a lifetime. After the Monarch’s demise or abdication the throne is succeeded by another member of the Royal family following their natural hierarchy. This assures that the power to rule stays within the royal family from one generation to the other and consequently the cycle of hereditary monarchy prevails. On the contrary, a democratic system is not confined to one specific sphere of family or class of people.
Democracy in its unpolluted form provides opportunity to its citizens to get elected meaning anyone who possesses leadership qualities and the intellect required to lead a nation can enter the political arena and that too for a limited period of time. In other words succession is not limited to one sphere but to every citizen and is not pre-planned either like in hereditary monarchy. In fact, the final decision rests with the popular vote and consent.