Assessment Task – DEM 205 understand the factors that can influence communication and interaction with individuals who have dementia.
Task 1 links to learning outcome 1, assessment criteria 1.1, 1.2 and 1.3
The effects of memory loss on communication, forgetting words, use of incorrect words, failure to recognize people known to them; reduced awareness of needs of others; loss of self-confidence.
The effects of medical problems such as results of strokes, Parkinson’s disease; effects of physiological changes e.g. constriction of cerebral circulation; degeneration of brain cells, mental health issues.
Not being able to find suitable/correct words, recall names such as close relatives or facts, confusion.
Task 2 links to leaning outcome 2, assessment criteria 2.1, 2.2 and 2.3
2.1 observation of an individual’s non-verbal communication and how they react to the external environment , giving verbal reassurance (making sure they are being supported) , building confidence and trust so that they feel like they can be more independent in the future.
2.2 ; Adapting language to meet needs so that they don’t have problems communicating; depending on their past experience, which a bit of confidence, they can overcome dementia ; considering individual’s usual communication skills, background and culture; maintaining calm environment for conversations
2.3 Reinforcing feeling of individuality, reassurance, improving self-esteem and self-confidence.
Task 3 links to learning outcome 3, assessment criteria 3.1, 3.2 and 3.3
3.1 Memories and their past focus on likes and avoid dislikes, use of individualized activities which link to the individual’s background and life story.
3.2 Use non-verbal communication such as gesture, facial expression and written communication wherever possible, take care with tone of voice and body language; be aware of any hearing, visual or second language difficulties.
3.3 Involving others will help in coming up with a friendly environment. When interacting with people suffering from dementia in the midst of many people it becomes easy because the ill person will feel secure and loved.
Assessment task – DEM 202 the person-centered approach to the care and support of individuals with dementia
Task 1 links to learning outcome 1 assessment criteria 1.1 and 1.2
Involving the individual fully in the provision of a care plan, consideration of religious and cultural needs; recognition of individuality. Developing self-esteem and confidence.
The maintaining of independence, making best use of abilities in other words making them use their abilities efficiently, raised self-esteem and self-awareness, caring and supportive atmosphere, acknowledgement of individuality.
Task links to learning outcome 2, assessment criteria 2.1 and 2.2.
2.1 Recognition of symptoms, changes, underlying illness, supporting people with dementia to be safe or to carry out everyday activities, maintaining independence, providing or accessing professional help and services, providing support and contact.
2.2 The awareness of changes to person’s condition, knowledge of routines and preferred activities and finally detailed knowledge of abilities.
Task 3 links to learning outcome 3, assessment criteria 3.1, 3.2 and 3.3.
3.1 Care workers, colleagues, managers, social workers, occupational therapists, GP, speech and language therapists and many other job roles which supports.
3.2 When feeling they can’t cope, not sleeping well, disrupted sleep, finding it difficult to complete daily tasks, becoming irritable, worries that they might abuse the individual they are caring for.
3.3 A local or national group who provides support for dementia, through a voluntary group, through the NHS or domiciliary services, contacting a ‘Memory service’ and finally, contacting social services, Community Social Service.