Artificial Body Replacements
Aeron C. AbellaGrade 10- Einstein
A mini-thesis submitted to Ms. Gabriele Louise D. Recto
Artificial Body Replacement
According to “The Basics of Artificial Organs – American Chemical Society”, an artificial organ or body parts clearly is a replacement for a natural organ in the body.

Prosthetic
Due to “Definition of Prosthetic – MedicineNet” , it is referring to a prosthesis , an artificial substitute or replacement of a part of the body such as tooth, a facial bone, eye, a hip, a palate, a knee or another joint, an arm, the leg, etc. A prosthesis is designed for functional or cosmetic reasons or both.

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Artificial Organ
According to “The Basics of Artificial Organs – ACS Symposium Series”, artificial organs can conveniently be classed into four groups: (I) Bone/Joint Replacements (e.g. hip, knee, finger, total limb), (II) Skin/Soft Tissue Replacements (e.g. skin, breast, muscle), (III) Internal Organs (e.g. heart, kidney, blood vessels, liver, pancreas), and (IV) Sensory Organs (e.g. eyes, ears).

Plastic
According to “How Artificial Limb is Made – Material, Manufacture, Making, Used, Parts”, plastic is one of the most lightweight material all prosthetic device should have.

Polypropylene
Due to “Google Dictionary”, it is a synthetic resin that is a polymer of polypropylene, used especially for ropes, fabrics, and molded objects.

Nylon Prosthetic
Due to “Nylon ?Definition of Nylon by Merriam-Webster”, the medical definition of nylon is any of numerous strong elastic synthetic polyamide materials that are fashioned into fibers, filaments, bristles, or sheets nylon sutures and prosthetic devices.

Willem Kolff
According to “Doctor-Willem-Kolff-Physician-who-Invented-Artificial-Hearts-and-kidneys”, who was known to friends and colleagues as Pim, was the father of Artificial Organs. He was the first man who invented the first artificial kidney (blood dialysis) machine, pioneered blood transfusion in Europe, and the one who invented the heart-lung machine and co-invented the Jarvik Artificial heart.

Postoperative Prostheses
Postoperative prostheses are, by definition, provided within 24 hours of amputation. These are often referred to by various acronyms including immediate postsurgical fitting (IPSF) and immediate postoperative prosthesis (IPOP).

Initial Prostheses
The initial prosthesis is sometimes used in lieu of a postsurgical fitting and is provided as soon as the sutures are removed. This is sometimes referred to as an early postsurgical fitting (EPSF). 
Preparatory Prostheses
Preparatory prostheses are used during the first few months of the patient’s rehabilitation to ease the transition into a definitive device. They are also used in marginal cases to assess ambulatory or rehabilitation potential and help clarify details of the prosthetic prescription.

Definitive Prosthesis
The definitive prosthesis is not prescribed until the patients residual limb has stabilized to ensure that the fit of the new prosthesis will last as long as possible. The definitive prescription is based primarily upon the experience the patient had when using the preparatory prosthesis. 
Special-Use Prostheses
A certain number of patients will require special-use prostheses designed specifically for such activities as showering, swimming, or skiing. It is most economical if special-use devices are prescribed at the same time as a definitive replacement is necessary since both can be fabricated from the same positive model.

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