Ameses II (also may be pronounced as “Ramesses” or “Ramses” , most often referred to as Ramses the Great) – the third Pharaoh of the 19th Dynasty of the New Kingdom era, who was born in 1303 BC, died in June or August 1213 year BC and reigned in the period from 1279 to 1213 years. BC. It is often considered as the greatest and most powerful pharaoh in the Egyptian chronology. His successors and later Egyptians called him “Great Ancestor” . Pharaoh Ramses II carried out several military expeditions to the Levant, thus establishing Egyptian control over the lands of Canaan. He also made trips to the south, to Nubia, which is imprinted in the inscriptions in the churches of Calabsha and Gerf-Hussein.
At the age of fourteen, Ramses II was appointed Prince Regent of his father, Seti I. Having occupied the royal throne at a young age, he is known to have ruled the Egyptian empire for 66 or 67 years. Estimates of the age at which he passed away are different, but the most probable is that at the time of death, Pharaoh was 90 or 91 years old. For Ramses II witnessed the unprecedented in ancient Egyptian history of the number of festivals “heb-sed”(the jubilee celebration, which was celebrated on the 30th year of the reign of the monarch, and then every 3 years) – fourteen, i.?. more than any other pharaoh. After death, the ruler was buried in his tomb in the Valley of the Kings, but later his body, along with other mummies of Egyptian monarchs, was moved to the royal rocky hiding place, where it was discovered in 1881. At present, the mummy of Ramesses the Great is kept in the Cairo Museum.
A significant part of the Pharaoh’s reign was dedicated to the construction of new cities, temples and monuments. He laid a new capital in the Neel Delta – the city of Pi-Ramses – as the main outpost for his aggressive campaigns in Syria. In Greek sources, Ramses is known as “Ozymandia” or “Ozymandis” , which was derived from the transliteration of a part of the throne name of the pharaoh “Usermatra Setepenra” , translated as “Strong by the truth of Ra, the Elect of Ra.”
One of the most famous pharaohs in ancient Egyptian history has a legendary life. He is a powerful king, an invincible general, an affable father and a tireless builder. Ramses II, Ramesses II, Ramesses the Great, with these auras in place, was in office for about 67 years. Until today, he still enjoys these prestige. The enemy feared him. His subjects loved him. The gods blessed him. Ramses II, who lived in the 19th dynasty of ancient Egypt , left an indelible imprint in human history. 2
In 67 years of his reign, he had eight queens, and countless others; there were more than 100 sons and daughters, of whom 12 sons with legitimate inheritance passed away; at the time, the average life span of the ancient Egyptians was only 40 years old. He lived in his 90s; he liked to boast about his experience
On the building, statues that have never been forgotten to be deified have been erected in all parts of Egypt, and are in line with God. The battle of the Kalithea made him a general in the minds of his subjects. He used his diplomacy to sign contracts with the Hittites . As an archeologist of ancient Egypt, he retained the glories of the times for the world. These legendary experiences and distinctive personalities are concentrated in him—historians are regarded as Ramses II, the most famous pharaoh of ancient Egyptian history. 2
Ramses II is undoubtedly one of the most important pharaohs in Egyptian history. However, the era of his reign was already on the eve of the decline of Egypt. The country’s huge expenses accelerated the decline of national power. After Ramesses II died, ancient Egypt quickly stepped down.

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