English 101 #1280
Global Climate Change is Man-Made
There are a lot of studies being carried out in regard to the issue of climate change in the modern world because it has become a major area of concern. According to McMichael 2004, “the global climate change is termed as the shifts in weather patterns that are characterized by the changes in temperature, humidity, precipitation, and the climatic seasons in a particular geographic zone. Global climate change accounts for the maintenance of the ecosystem”. The climate change has caused a lot of changes that affect both human activities and the wildlife. The effects are obvious and, therefore, this brings out the question as to whether such changes are due to manmade effects or they are natural causes. Therefore, this essay will be based on the argument that climate change is as a result of manmade activities.
One of the main evidences of climate change is the occurrence of droughts in areas that used to receive high rainfall. A drought is a period of below average rainfall in a given region; resulting in prolonged shortage in the water supply, whether atmospheric, surface water or ground water. This means that the level of deforestation has increased hence making it difficult for such areas to receive rainfall. Deforestation is when forests are destroyed by cutting of trees and not replanted. Sometimes deforestation happens when people change the land into farms, ranches and cities. A lot of deforestation is caused by the removal of all the trees from a forest for wood or fuel. Also, deforestation has made the soil lose for forestation to take place hence climate change will keep on occurring since such soils cannot support the growth of vegetation. Therefore, this is proof that climate change is caused by human activities (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, 2014).
In addition, global warming has become a major part of climate change and the main cause is the emission of gases such as carbon monoxide. As a result, such gases deplete the ozone layer which is responsible for reducing the amount of radiation reaching the earth’s surface. Such gases are as a result of human activities associated with the increased use of greenhouses. Extreme man-made changes in the climate are a very serious matter (Kovats, 2002). There are different ways of increasing the concentration of greenhouse gases such as burning fossil fuels like coal or oil and gas in cars. “Currently, burning fossil fuels emits about 6.5 million tons of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere each year. Since the industrial revolution, which began in the 18th Century, concentrations of greenhouse gases have increased by 30 percent.” (Douquet, 2008). Therefore, with the increased level of technology, activities that emit such gases have increased hence, increasing the level at which global warming is taking place and, in turn, climate change. As well, the burning of fossil fuels has played a substantial role in the emission of gases that contribute to global warming. As a result, this leads to global warming and hence climate change (Kovats, 2002).
However, on the other hand, the earth’s atmosphere has the capacity to balance itself hence making it possible to argue out the recent climatic changes are examples of natural causes. An example is the increased sea level due to the melting ice caps resulting from global warming. This happens when the ability of the earth to reflect back energy is reduced hence resulting in a hot climate. Natural disasters are catastrophic events resulting from natural causes such as floods, landslides, mudslides, etc. over which man has no control. Natural disasters are often termed “Act of God.” Also, the scientific data is inconclusive since some of it is obtained from assumptions. Therefore, some people argue that the lack of evidence means that the climate changes are just natural cycles. It is a way of the earth to balance its climate (Wiest, Raymond &Clawson, 2015)
Concisely, the human causes of climate change out do the natural causes and this makes it clear that human beings should control some of this activities to avoid making the earth a place that is unbearable to live in. A combination of the natural causes of climate change are not enough to bring a substantial change that would in turn affect the way of living on earth. Hence, research shows that human activities are the main causes of climate change (Intergovernmental panel on climate change, 2014). Many lives and people’s property are being lost due to the impacts of global climate change which leads to global warming. For example, extreme weather conditions like too much rain are causing floods and storms. Also, as a result of extreme weather conditions, prolonged droughts have become common and affecting the lives of both humans and animals in a negative manner (McMichael, 2004). Some of the remedies to climate change could be educating people on the importance of reducing the activities that result to climate change or even seeking other alternatives. Therefore, this will ensure that any noticeable climate change is due to natural occurrences on earth.
Douquet, Gregory M. “Commentator.” Global Climate Change: National Security Implications, edited by Carolyn Pumphrey, Strategic Studies Institute, 2008, p. 175+. Global Issues in Context, link.galegroup.com/apps/doc/A267716651/OVIC?u=bccc_main;xid=239f1116. Accessed 17 Nov. 2017.
Intergovernmental panel on climate change, (2014). Climate Change 2014- Impacts, Adaptations and Vulnerability: Regional Aspects, Cambridge University Press.
Kovats, R. Sari. “Climate Change and Human Health.” Encyclopedia of Public Health, edited by Lester Breslow, vol. 1, Macmillan Reference USA, 2002, pp. 214-217. Gale Virtual Reference Library, go.galegroup.com/ps/i.do?p=GVRL;sw=w;u=bccc_main;v=2.1;it=r;id=GALE%7CCX3404000189;sid=AONE;asid=01a5ab39a48389c10cca74815d764c39. Accessed 18 Nov. 2017
McMichael, A. J., Campbell-Lendrum, D., Kovats, S., Wilkinson, P., WILSON, T. …; Schlesinger, M. (2004). Global Climate Change.
Wiest, S. L., Raymond, L., ; Clawson, R. A. (2015). Farming, partisan predisposition, and public opinion on climate change. Global Environmental change, 31, 187-198.