5.7. Responses of teachers’/school management team. ? In SMT was very thankful and motivating us in pursuing teaching as a career in order to change the life of up-coming generations, they even highlighted the matter of us “signing check next year”. Well some in a family way they were saying cannot wait for us for us to join the queue, where we will be disrespected by the pupil. In brief SMT was happy to have us on their school and also about the effective teaching and learning experience we have imparted to their learners.
12 | P a g e
We Will Write a Custom Essay Specifically
For You For Only $13.90/page!
6. Conclusion Section A; Summary and recommendations. The report is about implementation of Assessment for learning in the classroom. It starts with how I planned and prepare the lessons. I planned the lessons from Monday and Friday during weekend, on day to day I was only doing preparation. I asked help from various sources in terms of planning and preparation this source includes among other the interest and my mentor. With reference to assessment for learning, I used AFL strategies that were placed in place by AFL techniques e.g. no hands up, read aloud, Mini whiteboard, focused marking. Etc. When I approached the end of my report I brief reported on my experience on teaching practice session which include the following; Key challenges, lesson learnt, story of change (from me), and responses of SMT. They are few key issues that I want to highlight that I think will improve my teaching include: I must do paper research about the content knowledge when planning; I must not overlook the power of AFL strategies that I have witnessed, I must ensure that I apply it in every lesson ;I must always be objective when teaching, setting test,(Classwork, Exam, Assignment)or any activity that is intended to elicit information about learning: Providing proper and Constructive feedback should be on my veins and finally, effective strategy and technique of managing classes should start with class rules or ground rules. Section B; Recommendations for improving the TUT teaching practice They are few suggestions that I thin will make future students who will be doing teaching practice gain a lot of experience. This suggestion are as follows: the TUT should conduct the SMT of the school where their student is doing teaching practice and ask where are they and how does they behave, because many student teachers they tend to play truancy when they are on TP or only attending at the time (days) of their period. Secondly, TUT must design the learner attendance register so that student teacher when they leave the institution they will know how to fill the attendance register of the learner or TUT can write to the school requesting the mentor to teach student teacher how to fill attendance register of learner say so because it took me time to be able to fill learner attendance register, I think all seven roles of a teacher must be adapted by student when they leave the institution. Then institution must provide space for this roles finally, effectively use of assessment of learning. Which include strategies of AOL and techniques of AOL must be balanced in the journal of forth year student because we might be fully equipped with AFL but lack AOL we were still useless because AOL is also play a vital role in technique and learning process. Finally, GET lecturers must evaluate the students who are doing GET because it seems like most FET lecturers are not familiar with AFL strategies, therefore, they penalize the GET students who applies AFL strategies accordingly and in a manner that they were taught in class.
In this study the prevalence of antisocial personality disorder was assessed by using psychopathic check list revised. The independent factors associated with antisocial personality disorder were age (18-27), single marital status, prior conviction, tobacco ever use, and monthly income less than 1557 Birr.
The prevalence of antisocial personality disorder among Mekelle correctional center prisoners was found to be 31 % with confident interval (26.5-35.6). It is alien with a study conducted in England and Wales by using schedules for clinical interview in neuropsychiatry and psychopathy checklist-revised(31%)(27),UK by using IPDE-SQ(25.8%)(23),Iraq by using PCL-R (31%)(32),Sweden by using PCL-R(31%)(26) and USA by using MINI(35.3%) (31).
In this study the finding was lower as compare to the study conducted in USA by using SIPD-IV(57%) (22), UK by using PCL-R (68%) (28) , South Africa by using MINI (46.1%)(4),Nigeria by using Antisocial Personality Disorder Self- Test (47%) (33) among prisoners. The difference may be due to socio-cultural, environmental, sample size and using of different tool and cut points to determine the prevalence of antisocial personality disorder.
However the prevalence was higher as compare to the studies conducted in Germany by using PCL-R(17%)(21). The difference with this study may be due to the study from Germany includes only female inmates but in this study majority of the participant were men. The prevalence is also higher than the study done in Italy by using MINI (20%)(25), the difference may be due to using different tool and the research from Italy was done in community sample which ASPD is lower than from prison samples.
The prevalence of ASPD in this study was also higher than the research conducted in Egypt (12.3%) (30). The difference may be due to difference in environment, socio-cultural factors and using of different tool. In this study PCL-R was used to decide the ASPD but the study from Egypt used structured Clinical Interview for the DSM-IV Axis I and Axis II disorders
The prevalence of antisocial personality disorder was found to be higher among the age group of 18-37 as compare to those who are in the age group of >47 years. The finding is in line with the study conducted in UK ASPD is high among the young age(19).The high prevalence of ASPD among the age group may be due to the age is in transition between adolescence and adult age and those with conduct disorder in adolescent age my directly changed to antisocial personality disorder in the adult age. In other way it may be due to the yang age overt behavior such as criminality, substance use and aggressiveness increased in this age.
In this study single marital status was significantly associated with ASPD. A research done in Zambia came up with the same report(36). The possible justification for the high prevalence of ASPD among single participants may be due to that individuals with ASPD have difficulty to form and maintain intimate relationship because of their odd behaviors.
Tobacco ever was associated with antisocial personality disorder. Participants who had tobacco ever use were almost three times more likely to have ASPD as compare to those prisoners who had no tobacco ever use. This is supported by two researches conducted in the USA indicates that most people from the community sample with ASPD are chronic cigarette smokers and other substance users(31,38). It is also support by a research conducted in Turkey(39) This may be due to most of the participants were young adult age who have high probability to test substance and being against the norm of the community .
This study revealed that there was significant association between prior conviction and ASPD. The study conducted in Egypt on prisoners came up with similar finding (30) it is also supported by a research from South Africa (4). The high prevalence of ASPD among prisoners who had prior conviction may be due to repeated imprisonment of individuals with antisocial behavior such as destroying property, harassing others, stealing, or charging illegal occupations and other odd behaviors . Individuals with ASPD fail to conform to societal rules, persistent pattern of disrespect for, and violation of, the rights of others may be possible justification.
Having low monthly income was also had significant association with ASPD. The odds of anti-social personality disorder among those who had monthly income less than 1557 birr per month were four times higher as compare to those who had monthly income above 1557 birr per month).According to DSM-5 ASPD is high among those who have poor economic status(9). Having significant periods of unemployment despite available job opportunities and unable to work for long time due to their antisocial behavior may be possible reasons for low economic status.
Variables which had significant association with antisocial personality disorder in other study but not significant associated with ASPD in this study are being male, having history of psychiatric illness and poor educational status. The difference may be due to variation in culture, sample size, economical status of the participants.
5.1.1. Level Capacity Plan
This particular stage is committed to controlling and monitors the individual level of stock with the company. The mechanisms as part of the stage are planned for maintaining the same degree of production capacity for the company regardless of the demand. With the help of the activities adopted in the certain stage, the company aims to stabilise the employment, lowering the cost of unit, and higher utilisation of processes (Park, Ungson, and Cosgrove 2015). However, level capacity planning induces the company the need for production storage and inventory, rather than the falling sales. Therefore, Nestle should need to consider the “shelf-life” factor critically to control the situation efficiently when the production exceeds the demand. On the other hand, Nestle deals with the food products, which are non-durable goods. Based on the understanding, it is evident, that the certain stage of planning also brings some vital challenges for Nestle other than the identified benefits.
5.1.2. Chase Demand Plan
Demand chase plan is exactly opposite to the level capacity planning. Chase demand related planning process deals with the products that cannot be stored and should be sold immediately. The food and beverage product sold by the company is the effective example of such type of goods (Mahalder 2014). As part of this particular planning, the production process is controlled by the company to produce the equal number of goods as demanded by the target market. The particular approaches as part of the identified planning are introduced by Nestle under some certain conditions, especially during the picks and falls of demand in the identified market at a given period. Some of the critical measures embraced by Nestle during the period are:
• Reduction or extension of working days
• Recruiting human capital on a part-time basis
• Developing a full-time employment or laying off extra staffs
5.1.3. Demand Management
Another useful level in the planning process of Nestle is growing the demand management mechanism for managing with the fluctuations commendably. Some of the well-known advantages of identified functions as a part of the specify making plan are a reduction of cost associated with the commercial enterprise process, improvement of services, advanced utilisation of company’s assets and capacities, and ultimately contributing to the increase of earnings. The planning process is majorly developed by transferring the demands of the client from extra condensed ranges to greater secure phases (Vachani and Post 2012). The corporation comprehensively does the diagnosed exercise thorough developing the opportunity products, providing discounts, or providing new outputs to the customers. One of the maximum compelling examples of the individual approach is cutting the price of an individual food product of the company to increase the client demands and purchasing power in the summertime. Accordingly, the stored products of the organization may be sold to the identified market consumers effectively.
From the overall information, it can be proposed that the selection of appropriate planning and control process influences the achievement of short or long-term goals requires the company analyse and determine the consequences of the activities.