1) Describe how to challenge discrimination in a way that promotes change.
In a care setting it is important that any discrimination is quickly dealt with. It might be the case that the staff member didn’t realise how they were working was discriminating against the clients.
I can promote change by supporting staff to understand about discrimination. I could help them to work in a person-centred approach. For example If I saw that they were asking the verbal clients what they wanted for lunch and assuming what non-verbal clients wanted, I could suggest to them the following.
-To show the client items of food for example, bread or pasta. Then once they have chosen, a filling or topping etc.
-To get that staff member to support the client to make their lunch, maybe using hand-on hand-on-hand technique for example.
-Promote the staff to think about how they can support the clients to make their own choices and be involved in things more.
If we only help the clients with things that they have no capacity to understand (medication etc) and supporting the client to make their own food/ wash their own laundry, we are allowing them to live as independently as possible. They will have a good self-esteem.
If discriminatory practises continued I would follow the complaints procedure.

1) Potential Entrants (Threat of new entrants) – When it comes to the hotel industry there are considered to be several big hotel giants that are already in the market such as Marriott, Hilton, Hyatt, Accor, IHG etc. Therefore if a new hotel chain plans to enter the market the new entrant has to go through a lot of difficulties. Hotel Industry is all about changes in terms of services, products through technology and if a new entrant can possess technology in a unique way to sell its products or services, customers might be impressed with it and might switch in this case so there is always a threat to big chains from new entrants. An example can be seen where Ovolo Nishi formerly known as Hotel Hotel has acquired the market because of its unique ways in terms of services through technology.
2) Power of Buyers – Consumers, Guests actually known as buyers acquire the advantages as hotels cannot make money, profits until and unless their products and services such as rooms, restaurants, bar’s etc are being used. There are considered to be millions of people that use the products/ services of IHG Hotels and therefore if the buyers (guests) didn’t like the services/ product it will be very easy for them to switch brands resulting in losses, collapse to the organisation. In order to avoid it hotels need to be very careful in terms of their guest’s preferences, what they dislike. Preferences can be in terms of rooms, food and beverage, other services provided by the hotel.
3) Power of Suppliers – IHG has different suppliers across the world. Suppliers hold an advantage in terms of particular rates offered to a particular hotel. For example rivalry among hotels such as IHG and Hyatt will influence the suppliers to increase their rates on supplied products as well as services. Suppliers have a key and can damage a hotel’s reputation if something goes wrong.
4) Competitive Rivalry – It can be classified as competition between the hotels in order to increase market share. In order to retain customers (guest’s) hotel offers different types of loyalty and membership programs to have an edge over their rivals. Hotels are seen these days acquiring smaller brands to obtain competitive advantage. An example can be seen where Accor Hotels have merged with Mantra Hotel Group to obtain competitive advantage. Therefore, Crowne Plaza an InterContinental Hotel Group Brand offer excellent services to its guests including business, corporate, leisure, families etc and is itself competitive.

1.6 Operationalization of Variables
In the literature review, relevant relationships among various factors has been identified. The Irritation and Invasiveness are the factors that were found affecting attitudes towards high frequent targeted online retargeting.
The Irritation is based on previous studies of consumer attitudes towards frequent advertising; while the Invasiveness is based on previous studies on consumers’ attitudes towards targeted advertising.
Variables will be operationalized by testing customers’ perception of each of the independent, and dependent variables. Likertscale will be used in all these items to ensure consistency of our questionnaire.
1.7 Time Horizon
Sekaran and Bougie (2013) identifies two different types of time horizons: cross-sectional and longitudinal. The selection of the method depends on which research strategy is being used.
Longitudinal studies measure the independent variable more than once over a given period of time, which makes it possible to study the changes in the variable. By contrast, cross-sectional studies only measure the independent variable once.
Since the research is not examining how attitudes have changed over time towards the online retargeting, a cross-sectional study is more suitable choice. All things considered, it will be a cross-sectional non-contrived field study, which will be conducted through a survey and depend on primary data.
1.8 Data Analysis
For the research SPSS statistics software will be used for the entire data analytical analysis and reporting of the results. Regression analysis, correlation analysis and descriptive statistics is to be used to analyze the relationships among variables.
1.9 Limitations
Since this study is focusing only on Egyptian online consumers, and using convenience sample for sampling. The results cannot be generalized; accordingly this study will help only to give some applicable insight on the Egyptian programmatic market.

1.2 Objective of the Study
To explore the role of education and asset ownership in women autonomy.

Research Question 01: What are the influencing factors that ensure women autonomy?
This question mainly finds out the direct influencing factors that enhance women autonomy. It also calculates the dominating factors among them.

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Research Question 02: How these factors work for women autonomy?
Author estimates these factors influence through analyzing women participation level in decision making in family affairs and other important matters. Here women education and asset ownership are considered as the key factors. Then assisting factors like NGO or Govt. aid is also be analyzed.

Research Question 03: Which are the organizational supports to ensure women autonomy?
Government as well as different organization work for women empowerment. This question estimates the fruitfulness of organizational activities to ensure women autonomy in the society.

1.3 Rationale of the Study
In developing countries violence by intimate partner is a familiar matter. In India this affects one in four married women. In Bangladesh it is also evident. But from the previous decade it is declining. To welcome this declining rate women economic empowerment is very important. Women education and asset ownership enhances women economic empowerment (Raj et. al., 2017). Now women are contributing in labor market. According to labor force survey (2010) the women labor force participation in the market is 36%.
Bangladesh is getting digitalized in every sector of the country. It has entered into the world of information superhighway. Women possess the half of the total population. So the participation of women in the digital circumstances is very important. This can be facilitated by ensuring women education. And educated women contribute to the GDP of

1.0 Introduction
1.1Background of Malaysia
Malaysia comprises of two geographical districts partitioned by the South China Sea, the Peninsular Malaysia or West Malaysia on the Malay Peninsula flanked by Thailand on the north and Singapore in south, and Malaysian Borneo or East Malaysia situated on the northern piece of the island of Borneo in the South China Sea, circumscribing Indonesia and around the Sultanate of Brunei. Thus, the nation imparts likewise sea outskirts to the Philippines and Vietnam.

Moreover, the surface of Malaysia almost have an aggregate zone of 329,847 km², it was marginally bigger than some country such as Norway, or somewhat bigger than the U.S. province of New Mexico. The most top mountain in Malaysia which is Mountain Kinabalu with 4,095 m on the island of Borneo. Therefore, the Mountain Kinabalu and the encompassing Kinabalu Park official site are an UNESCO World Heritage Site.

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Recently, the population of Malaysia is increasing rapidly through year by year. Thus, Malaysia has a populace of 31.6 million individuals in 2016. The main city of Malaysia and the national capital is Kuala Lumpur. They have many races in Malaysia such as Malay, Chinese, India and etc. They main language which are Malay (official), English, Tamil, and Chinese. (One World Nations Online, 1998)

Lastly, the unemployment rate in Malaysia crawled down to 3.3 percent in April of 2018 from 3.4 percent around the same time as the earlier year. The quantity of jobless dropped by 0.4 percent from multi-year sooner to 510 thousand, while business went up by 2.6 percent to 14.8 million and the work drive rose 2.5 percent to 15.31 million. On an occasionally balanced premise, the unemployment rate additionally remained at 3.3 percent, the same as in the earlier month. The unemployment rate in Malaysia averaged of 3.29 percent from 1998 until 2018, achieving a record-breaking high of 4.50 percent in March of 1999 and a record low of 2.70 percent in August of 2012. (Trading Economics, 2018)

1.2 Background of Singapore
Singapore has a virtual travel manual it is called ” Singapura” which is came from the Malay name for “Lion City” or ” Garden City”. The city-state in Southeast Asia comprises of the island of Singapore and was around 54 littler islands. Thus ,the primary island is connected by a thoroughfare to Johor Bahru on the southern tip of the Malay Peninsula.

In addition, Singapore involves a region of 718 km², looked at, it is the littlest state in Southeast Asia, somewhat bigger than one-fourth of Luxembourg or likewise marginally bigger than 3.5 times the measure of the District of Columbia, Washington, DC. The city-state has a populace of 5.6 million individuals, and an inhabitant populace of 3.9 million in 2016. For the language that Singaporean use is almost same with Malaysia such as official dialects are English which is the dialect of organization, Malay, Mandarin, and Tamil.

Moreover, the capital and country of Singapore is like a city-state. Therefore, the main island which is Singapore Island ,which is also called as Pulau Ujong. This is the biggest island of Singapore with the most populace with over 5 million people. Other than that, Singapore is a well known for being a worldwide money related focus are shopping heaven, and as a spot for an assortment of exercises, feasting, and stimulation.

Lastly, Singapore’s occasionally balanced unemployment rate crawled down to 2 percent in the March quarter of 2018 from 2.1 percent in the past quarter and in accordance with the starter gauge. It is the least jobless rate since the initial quarter 2016, as cutback declined the most in five years while employments openings dwarfed work searchers without precedent for a long time. Unemployment Rate in Singapore averaged of 2.44 percent from 1986 until 2018, achieving an unsurpassed high of 6 percent in the initial quarter of 1986 and a record low of 1.40 percent in the second quarter of 1990. (Trading Economics, 2018)

Unemployment is one of the major economics problems. Unemployment is defined as a person 16 years old or older who is available for work, and has made specific efforts to find work but being jobless for a reference period. There are many causes that make amount of unemployment continue to rise.
First of all, the developments and the invention of new technology affect some workers to lose their jobs. Technology unemployment is also counted as structural unemployment. When some advanced machines are adopted into the productive process, a firm can use the machines to produce the same amount of products or even more than before. This helps the firm to save a lots of labour force. By reducing the usage of labour, the firm also can reduce the wages that counted as cost of production by cutting down the amount workers in that company. Therefore some workers can lose their job in this situation as firm used more machines than labour.
Based on Khairul Azhar, there are few causes that will lead unemployment in Malaysia. The increased of population and growth will lead to higher unemployment rates. Almost every country is facing the same problem in which distributing jobs for all these amount number of worker is difficult. It included the size and rate of growth of the population, the birth rate, the death rate, and migration. The increased population has lead the number of people who are looking for job increased, and this situation will cause the people who are demanding for job is more than the available occupations. According to the World Bank, the data shown that the population of Malaysia is keep up increasing from 30,331,007 and the young graduates are rising as well as the competition will continuously rising. Concurrently, the development of labor rates has slow down and the population and growth increased to 29.7 million.

1. The name Alaska is derived from an Aleutian word alaxsxaq which means the “object toward which the action of the sea is directed.”
2. Alaska is the northernmost state of the US.
3. Alaska is the largest state of all the states of United States and is one-fifth of the entire land area of the US.
4. On July 7, 1958, the U.S. Congress declared Alaska as the 49th state.
5. The total area of Alaska is as twice as Texas.
6. The capital of Alaska, Juneau, can be accessed only by sea or by air; it is the only capital of the US state without land communication.
7. Alaska was discovered by a Danish explorer, Vitus Bering in 1741.
8. In 1784 Gregor Shelekhov, a fur trader established the first settlement onThree Saints Bay on Alaska’s Kodiak Island.
9. It was sold by Russian in 7.2 million dollars but Russian rulers regretted later when gold deposits were found in Alaska.
10. The distance between the extreme points of Russia and Alaska does not exceed 3.5 km!
11. Alaska has more than three million lakes, about three thousand rivers, one hundred thousand glaciers and about seventy active volcanoes.
12. Alaska is the most popular state for flying in the U.S.
13. One third of Alaska is in the Arctic Circle. It’s very cold in Alaska.
14. The lowest temperature was recorded -62.2 degree Celsius in 1971.
15. In one of the cities in Alaska, the mayor for more than fifteen years was a cat.
16. In spite of the fact that bears are allowed to hunt, it is forbidden to wake sleeping bears in order to photograph them.
17. The flag of Alaska was drawn by a thirteen-year-old boy who took part in the competition for the best state flag and he won.
18. Golden stars on the blue flag of Alaska represent the constellation of the Big Dipper and the North Star, which enters the constellation of the Little Ursa.
19. Earthquake is very common in Alaska. The second strongest in the history of the earthquake occurred here, in 1964.
20. The 1964 earthquake was so powerful it was even heard in Africa.
21. The highest tsunami in the world was recorded in 1958 in Alaska, when the glacier hit the lake, causing a wave more than half a kilometer in height.
22. Alaska is considered the richest state of the United States.
23. The population of Alaska speaks 22 different languages.
24. Alaska has the lowest population density in comparison to all the other states.
25. Alaska has a pizza restaurant that delivers pizza on airplane.
26. There is a variety of frogs in Alaska that freezes in winter, the heartbeat stops, and the frog doesn’t breathe. But as soon as spring arrives frog return to the normal condition.
27. In Alaska, there is only one railroad that connects the cities of Seward and Fairbanks. But it’s special: a passenger can take a train from anywhere. All you have to do is show white scarf or handkerchief.
28. The coast of Alaska goes to three different water bodies – the Arctic Ocean, the Atlantic Ocean and the Bering Sea.
29. Alaska has about a fifth of all US oil reserves.
30. There are 20 highest peaks in the United States and 17 are in Alaska.
31. In 1897 during the Klondike Gold Rush, potatoes were so highly valued for their vitamin C content, that miners traded gold for them.
32. Interior Alaska is known for its many natural geothermal hot springs.
33. Alaska has no plants poisonous to the touch such as poison ivy or poison oak which are found in all other states.
34. Pribilof Island is home to about 1 million seals.
35. English and 20 other indigenous languages are official language of Alaska.
36. Alaska has more coastline than the other 49 states combined.
37. Because of their long summer days, Alaska is capable of producing some unusually oversized produce. Some notable specimens that have been harvested in recent years include a 35-pound broccoli, a 65-pound cantaloupe, and a 138-pound cabbage.
38. Tongass National forest, Alaska is the largest forest of US.
39. There are 107 men for every 100 women in Alaska, the highest male-to-female ratio in the United States.
40. Many hotels in Alaska offer Northern Lights wake-up calls upon request.
41. The Northern Lights can be seen 243 days a year in Fairbanks.
42. The largest salmon caught in Alaska was on the Kenai River. It weighed in at 97.5 lbs.
43. Barrow, Alaska has the longest and shortest day. When the sun rises on May 10th, it doesn’t set for nearly 3 months. When it sets on November 18th, residents don’t see the sun for nearly 2 months.
44. It is illegal to whisper in someone’s ear while they are moose hunting in Alaska.
45. Dog mushing is the state sport of Alaska
46. Most of America’s salmon, crab, halibut, and herring come from Alaska.
47. The Trans-Alaska Pipeline transports up to 88,000 barrels of oil per hour on an 800-mile journey to Valdez.
48. In year 2001, a drunken man fired at an oil pipeline, he has to pay 17 million dollars fine and received 16 years of jail.
49. Three groups of natives lived in Alaska: Eskimos, Aleuts, and Indians.
50. Animals such as reindeer and moose are the property of the state.
51. If any accident happens then citizens are required to report this to the state authorities. Special services then take the animal, and its meat is distributed to poor families.
52. In Alaska, there is 1 bear for every 21 people.
53. In 1865, the Western Union Telegraph expedition, led by William Dall, surveyed the interior of Alaska for the first time, revealing its vast land and resources
54. Alaska is one of the few states that do not depend on production. The largest branches of private entrepreneurial activity are fishing and the seafood industry.
55. The economy of Alaska is maintained on the extraction of oil, gas, copper, gold, zinc, iron, reindeer, tourism and fishing.
56. In 1913, women in Alaska were granted the right to vote—six years ahead of the 19th Amendment
57. The Red Dog zinc mine in northwest Alaska is the world’s largest zinc producer.
58. The Adak National Forest in the Aleutian Islands, Alaska, is the smallest National Forest in America, with only 33 trees
59. A company in Alaska has developed a powdered beer for backpacking
60. There is a mile-long zip line in Hoonah, Alaska, that starts 1,300ft above sea level and reaches speeds of up to 60mph
61. Alaska’s largest lake, Lake Iliamna, is roughly the size of Connecticut.


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