1. Christmas is one of the most important holidays of Christians. 2. The date of the holiday for the Orthodox: January 7. 3. The Alexandrian theologians proposed to celebrate Christmas on May 26 in 200 BC. This case is the first in history. 4. Since 320 the holiday began to celebrate on December 25. 5. December 25 – the birthday of the sun. This date was associated with the celebration of Christmas. 6. The Catholic Church still adheres to the date of the holiday: December 25. 7. The first Christians rejected the Christmas holiday, celebrating only the feast of the Epiphany and Easter. 8. The day of the week for Christmas is the day off. Prayer for the Agreement Join the prayer by agreement, along with 10 Orthodox churches!Join the prayer by agreement, along with 10 Orthodox churches! pravzhizn.ru Learn the Schedule About the Fund to the Parishioner Priests We believe Miraculous Prayer Official Fund Correcting fate Go to Yandex.Direct Hide ads: Not interested in this topic Item purchased or service found Violates the law or spam Prevents content from being viewed Thank you, the announcement is hidden. 9. On the day of the holiday, it is customary to give gifts to each other. 10. The first case of gift was noted in ancient Rome, where in honor of the holiday Saturnalia children were given gifts. 11. The first holiday card was created by the Englishman Henry Cole in 1843. 12. In 1810, in the US, the public first saw Santa Claus. 13. The Northern Christmas Reindeer was invented by Adman Robert May in 1939. 14. Christmas candles are a symbol of understanding your place in the world, as well as victory over darkness in the soul. 15. Initially, spruce was installed for Christmas, and not for the New Year. 16. Spruce is the tree of Christ. 17. Evergreen trees are a symbol of rebirth from the time of paganism. 18. The first artificial Christmas trees were made by Germans. The material for them was feathers of geese. 19. Initially, the Christmas tree was decorated with candles. 20. Near the tree, always put a bucket of water in case of a fire from the flame of candles. 21. Nowadays it is customary to decorate a Christmas tree with garlands. 22. Initially, the tree (paradise tree) was decorated with fruits and flowers. 23. In the Middle Ages the Christmas tree was adorned with nuts, cones, candy. 24. The first glass decorations were created by Saxon glass blowers. 25. The prototype of the first toy was the paradise apple. 26. In the mid-19th century, mass production of multi-colored ball toys began. 27. In December 2004, the largest in the history of Christmas stocking was produced in the capital of England. 28. The length of the largest stocking was 33 meters, and the width was 15 meters. 29. In the US, about 3 million Christmas Cards annually. 30. Golden, green and red: traditional colors of ornaments Christmas Tree. 31. The highest festive tree, which was included in the Guinness Book of Records, was established in 1950 in Seattle. Its height was 66 meters. 32. In the USA Christmas trees are sold since 1850. 33. Before you sell a Christmas tree, you need to grow and take care of it for 5-10 years. 34. Inhabitants of the European countries believed, that on the eve of Christmas spirits wake up. 35. Over time, evil and good spirits began to be perceived as elves Santa Claus. 36. In order to “feed” the spirits, the inhabitants of Europe left porridge for the night on the table. 37. In the beginning of the 19th century the first book about the holiday “The Night Before Christmas” was published, authored by Clement Moore. 38. Between 1659 and 1681, it was forbidden to celebrate Christmas in the USA. The basis was the proclamation of the holiday as a decadent Catholic celebration, not related to Christianity. 39. In Bolivia the holiday of Christmas is called the Cock Mass. 40. In Bolivia, it is believed that the cock was the first to tell people about the birth of Christ. 41. At Christmas dinner, the British wear special crowns. 42. Poles adorn the tree with toys of spiders. 43. The inhabitants of Poland believe that the spider once wove a blanket for the born baby, so this insect is revered. 44. In 1836 the staff Alabama became the first US state to officially recognize Christmas as a national holiday. 45. Mistletoe (plant-parasite) is considered to be sacred by the British, so the branches of this evergreen bush are still adorned with Christmas trees. 46. ??A girl who stopped at the mistletoe, you could kiss any guy. 47. Christmas log is a symbol of the cyclical return of the sun. 48. The log should be burned during the Christmas celebration. 49. Burning log is a symbol of luck, health and fertility, and also a guard against evil spirits. 50. St Nicholas from Mira became a real prototype Santa Claus. 51. The very first Christmas tree at White House was established in 1856. 52. At the Christmas in Finland it is customary to go to the sauna. 53. On holidays, Australians go to the beach. 54. In honor of Christmas in Spain, the largest lottery is held annually. 55. In England it is customary to bake a festive cake, inside which there must be several items. If in a piece of pie someone gets a horseshoe, then this is to luck; if the ring is for the wedding, and if the coin is for wealth. 56. On the eve of the holiday Lithuanian Catholics eat only lean food (salads, porridges and other). 57. After the holiday, Lithuanian Catholics are allowed to taste roast goose. 58. In Germany and England, the main dish of the Christmas table is a roast goose or duck. 59. Pudding, adorned with spruce branches, is one of the main dishes of the festive table in the UK. 60. Tradition of residents of Western countries – a small Christmas tree, standing in the middle of the festive table. 61. In 1819, the writer Washington Irving first described the flight of Santa Claus. 62. In Russia, Christmas began to celebrate in the 20th century. 63. Russians modestly noted Christmas Eve (the day before Christmas), but the holiday itself did not do without mass festivities. 64. Christmas in Russia was celebrated cheerfully: they played round dances, dressed up as animals. 65. In Russia on Christmas days it was decided to guess at the future. 66. It is believed that the results of divination will be true, because in these days, good and evil spirits help to see the future. 67. A traditional festive wreath consisting of fir tree branches and 4 candles originated from the Lutheran Catholic Church. 68. The candles on the wreath should be lit this way: first – on Sunday, 4 weeks before Christmas; the rest one on the next weekend. 69. On the night before the feast, all four candles on the wreath should be lit and placed on the table so that the light consecrated the house. 70. It is believed that the happiness of Christmas brings the first guest who will enter the house. 71. A bad sign is considered if the first to enter a woman or a man with blond hair. 72. The first guest should pass through the house, holding a spruce branch. 73. The first song for Christmas was written in the 4th century AD. 74. Famous Christmas songs were written in Italy in The Renaissance. 75. “Christmas carols”- Christmas carols, translated from English mean” dancing under the clink. ” 76. Kutyu – the main dishes of the festive table. 77. kutyu made from cereals (rice, wheat or barley), as well as chocolates, raisins, nuts and dried fruits. 78. In the old days kutya was prepared only from cereals and honey. 79. To start a Christmas meal is necessary with kutya. 80. The tradition of filling stockings with gifts on a holiday came from the story of three poor sisters. The legend says that one daySt Nicholas made his way to them through the chimney and left gold coins in stockings. 81. The famous Christmas scene with lambs, trees and manger was invented only in the 13th century by Francis. 82. The first cracker was invented in 1847 by sweets vendor Tom Smith. 83. White candy with red stripes – a symbol of Christmas. Invented her confectioner from Indiana in the 19th century. 84. The white color of the Christmas candy means light and purity, and the three red bars are the Trinity. 85. An interesting fact is that because of the curled end of the candy, it looks like a cane of shepherds, who became the first apostles. 86. If you turn the Christmas candy, it forms the first letter of the name of Jesus: “J” (Jesus). 87. In 1955, employees of one of the stores filed an ad in a newspaper with the phone number of Santa Claus, however, the number was printed with an error. Because of this, a lot of calls arrived at the air defense center. The workers did not lose their heads, but supported the initiative. 88. In America, it has become a tradition to call Santa Claus. During the conversation, you could find out where he is now. 89. In Sweden, every year on Christmas, a huge straw goat is installed, which every year trying to set fire to vandals. 90. In the Netherlands, on Christmas night, children put a shoe to the fireplace for gifts and put a carrot for a magic horse. 91. Children in Italy receive gifts from a kind fairy. Those who behave badly can get a cabbage leaf. 92. In Italy, celebrate the feast of the Fiesta de la Corretta, during which decorate a large tree, after which it is carried through towns and villages. 93. In Greece, children take to the streets and sing kalends – songs that glorify Christmas. 94. Happy X-mas is a wish of a merry Christmas, which has deep roots. “X” is the first Greek letter of the name of Christ. 95. In Mexico, a large container with sweets is hung for children, which other Mexicans should smash with their eyes closed with a stick. 96. Christmas is celebrated in France in restaurants. 97. In 1914, German and British soldiers arranged a truce on the day of Christmas. At that time the soldiers forgot that they were on the front line, sang Christmas songs and danced. 98. In Canada, the Santa Claus ZIP code is written as: “IT IT”. 99. Writer O’Henry, sitting out in prison, I really wanted to congratulate my daughter on Christmas. That year he first wrote his first story, sending it to the editorial office. The story was published in the magazine, for which the writer received his first fee, and also congratulated his daughter and became famous.

1. What are the main duties of the different team members that Mr. Spencer should put together to ensure the success of the “Post-It” project?
– Of the duties required of the team of scientists to the success of this project. Is to make a team of scientist’s great efforts to promote ideas and the necessary things in their environment and provide them with innovators who take these ideas and think of ways to improve or develop. The manager must have a passion for providing all that is new and innovative to the team to encourage them to achieve work.
2. What kind of ethical concerns could arise when working on the “Post-It” project?
– It is unethical to make people pay for something which is may be had cheap quality and when promoting the product somebody lie and may tell more than what the product is really advantages for.

3. What are the different pros and cons of putting together a team that will handle the “Post-It” project? Based on these pros and cons what would be your recommendations for Mr. Spencer?
– Pros: The presence of a project management team is a knowledge of dealing with each case and there are ways to solve problems. They will have a common direction to follow and more ideas to share different views to find a solution to a particular situation. When a large group works on an idea, work is done faster and more efficiently.
– Cons: The group wastes more time thinking about an idea that may be delayed at the start of the project.
– Sometimes the group members are less focused because they do not know each other and do not adapt to each other. 
– The Mr. Spencer shouldn’t say “no” for an idea, that will lead the team accept the new ideas and face any difficulties to achieve the project.

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4. Each team has always a leader who will oversee the progress of a project. What are these duties in the specific context of the “Post-It” project?
– The leader makes sure that each member of the team completes his work on time.
–  The commander must ensure that all teams work together accurately and correctly.
– Great leadership invest in the project from their own money. Leaders are the link between different teams and CEO.

– In the project “Post it” the development of long-term strategies was the real challenge of the leader. It tracks the numbers and instant outputs, they must make sure to get the benefit of the product.

1(i) Managerial economics
(ii) What is Managerial Economics?
In order for any company to truly gain a competitive advantage, it is imperative that the management industry be integrated into the decision making process. According to Mark Deery and Eric Bentzen, the managed economy is a study of how economic power affects organizations and how their leaders use economic principles to achieve optimum results. This concept is a deeply useful tool that is ubiquitous in all sectors of the economy, from large companies to nonprofit organizations and helps managers make sound business decisions.
In the situation executive procedure for some commerce to get a real competitive verge administration exists essential to the economics of integration. Management and economics mark hirschey forces organizations to achieve the best results and how their leaders affect the business according to Eric bentzen how you can utilize to study the values of business. Large companies and nonprofits found everywhere all for the economy any of the frontrunners of this concept sound commerce decisions helps to brand a very useful tool. You utilize a finest judgment to ensure we are in finances management frontrunners in their administrations. They may view the contribution to resolve problems. promotional strategy labor hiring and training investment and finance on the price of production organization design strategies for selecting or developing products internet products and decide resources and especially the use of at least a number of concepts and methods used to ensure the expansion of the width to give special management economics. The practical applications may include boundary examination. the companies economic study utilizing marginal analysis of the changes caused by the decisions according to the concise encyclopedia increasing the price of its client decides to purchase a product if they still do not understand can help. Economics public choice theory the conclusion of the public companies it assistances to comprehend the conduct. The basic economic concept that describes the business model of the company. Economic university concise encyclopedia public choice theory which helps companies understands the public decision-making behavior. Any theory based business model to describe the company’s business.
Game theory methods. Based customer behavior in a wide range of consumer behavior based on the groups of people surround them in their companies will help you understand how to study as a mutual company. Optimization techniques or what are the most available resources. Such as sales procedures our try to comprehend the situation otherwise future predictions. Leaders who comprehend such concepts almost realistic they will face can be applied from the financial scene.

1. About 85% of Australians live within 50 km of the coastal zone.
2. Australia is one of the least densely populated countries in the world.
3. In Australia, electricity prices are highest in the world.
4. The largest sand island in the world, Fraser is also in Australia.
5. Australia and Antarctica were a single part 50 million years ago.
6. Australia is a sixth largest country in the world.
7. In 1880 Melbourne was the richest city in the world.
8. 91% of the country’s territory is covered by natural vegetation.
9. Millions of wild camels represent a huge problem for the Australian ecosystem.
10. Didgeridoo is wind instrument originated from Australia and is one of the oldest in the world.
11. Australia has the longest fence in the world; its length is 5.614 km.
12. Australia has three time zones.
13. The victory of Australian footballers over the team of American Samoa in the 31 – 0 has become a record for the entire history of international matches.
14. Australian camels are imported to Saudi Arabia.
15. There are 60 designated wine regions in Australia.
16. The largest coral reef in the world – the Great Barrier Reef, is located in the sea areas of Australia. Its length is 2030 kilometers.
17. Australia was one of the founding countries of the United Nations.
18. Australia – is the only country which occupies a whole continent.
19. The Great Barrier Reef is the largest living entity on the planet.
20. The Melbourne city is the most ‘Liveable City’ in the world.
21. In Australia, there is the world’s driest lake – Lake Eyre.
22. In 1892, a group of 200 Australians, dissatisfied with the local government, sailed to the shores of Paraguay and founded a colony there – New Australia.
23. In order to visit all the beaches of Australia, you will need more than 27 years.
24. The head of the country is British king or queen.
25. Before the appearance of people, Australia was home to many unique giant animals.
26. The world’s oldest deposit of fossils was found in Australia 3.4 billion years ago.
27. Australia is a country of immigrants.
28. Australia became the second country in the world where women received the right to vote.
29. Until 1902, bathing on the beach during the day was illegal.
30. In Australia, there is a poisonous octopus called Blue-Ringed Octopus. It causes complete paralysis and death in few minutes.
31. Until 1984, Anthem of Australia was “God Save the King / Queen.”
32. In the Australian Alps, snowfall is more than in Switzerland.
33. Murray River is the longest river in Australia. It is 2,548 km long.
34. Tasmania has the cleanest air in the world.
35. The average Australian drinks 96 liters of beer per year.
36. The world’s longest straight road is in Australia. It is 146 kilometers without any turns.
37. Boab trees are endemic to Australia. These trees can live for more than 2000 years.
38. Wine barrels were the invention of Australians.
39. Every year in Brisbane, the World Cup in the cockroach races is organized.
40. In 1932, the Australian army declared war on the emu population in Western Australia. Surprisingly, they lost.
41. Somehow an Australian tried to sell New Zealand on eBay.
42. In Australia, Since 1979 no one has died from poisonous spiders.
43. Wave Rock in Australia is one of the oldest rocks in the world.
44. Australia is on the list of top ten countries with the highest standard of living.

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