1. Christmas is one of the most important holidays of Christians. 2. The date of the holiday for the Orthodox: January 7. 3.
The Alexandrian theologians proposed to celebrate Christmas on May 26 in 200 BC. This case is the first in history. 4. Since 320 the holiday began to celebrate on December 25. 5. December 25 – the birthday of the sun. This date was associated with the celebration of Christmas.
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6. The Catholic Church still adheres to the date of the holiday: December 25. 7. The first Christians rejected the Christmas holiday, celebrating only the feast of the Epiphany and Easter. 8. The day of the week for Christmas is the day off. Prayer for the Agreement Join the prayer by agreement, along with 10 Orthodox churches!Join the prayer by agreement, along with 10 Orthodox churches! pravzhizn.
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On the day of the holiday, it is customary to give gifts to each other. 10. The first case of gift was noted in ancient Rome, where in honor of the holiday Saturnalia children were given gifts. 11.
The first holiday card was created by the Englishman Henry Cole in 1843. 12. In 1810, in the US, the public first saw Santa Claus. 13. The Northern Christmas Reindeer was invented by Adman Robert May in 1939. 14. Christmas candles are a symbol of understanding your place in the world, as well as victory over darkness in the soul.
15. Initially, spruce was installed for Christmas, and not for the New Year. 16.
Spruce is the tree of Christ. 17. Evergreen trees are a symbol of rebirth from the time of paganism.
18. The first artificial Christmas trees were made by Germans. The material for them was feathers of geese. 19. Initially, the Christmas tree was decorated with candles. 20. Near the tree, always put a bucket of water in case of a fire from the flame of candles. 21.
Nowadays it is customary to decorate a Christmas tree with garlands. 22. Initially, the tree (paradise tree) was decorated with fruits and flowers. 23. In the Middle Ages the Christmas tree was adorned with nuts, cones, candy. 24. The first glass decorations were created by Saxon glass blowers.
25. The prototype of the first toy was the paradise apple. 26. In the mid-19th century, mass production of multi-colored ball toys began.
27. In December 2004, the largest in the history of Christmas stocking was produced in the capital of England. 28. The length of the largest stocking was 33 meters, and the width was 15 meters. 29. In the US, about 3 million Christmas Cards annually. 30. Golden, green and red: traditional colors of ornaments Christmas Tree.
31. The highest festive tree, which was included in the Guinness Book of Records, was established in 1950 in Seattle. Its height was 66 meters. 32. In the USA Christmas trees are sold since 1850. 33. Before you sell a Christmas tree, you need to grow and take care of it for 5-10 years.
34. Inhabitants of the European countries believed, that on the eve of Christmas spirits wake up. 35. Over time, evil and good spirits began to be perceived as elves Santa Claus. 36.
In order to “feed” the spirits, the inhabitants of Europe left porridge for the night on the table. 37. In the beginning of the 19th century the first book about the holiday “The Night Before Christmas” was published, authored by Clement Moore.
38. Between 1659 and 1681, it was forbidden to celebrate Christmas in the USA. The basis was the proclamation of the holiday as a decadent Catholic celebration, not related to Christianity. 39. In Bolivia the holiday of Christmas is called the Cock Mass. 40. In Bolivia, it is believed that the cock was the first to tell people about the birth of Christ.
41. At Christmas dinner, the British wear special crowns. 42. Poles adorn the tree with toys of spiders. 43.
The inhabitants of Poland believe that the spider once wove a blanket for the born baby, so this insect is revered. 44. In 1836 the staff Alabama became the first US state to officially recognize Christmas as a national holiday. 45.
Mistletoe (plant-parasite) is considered to be sacred by the British, so the branches of this evergreen bush are still adorned with Christmas trees. 46. ??A girl who stopped at the mistletoe, you could kiss any guy. 47. Christmas log is a symbol of the cyclical return of the sun. 48. The log should be burned during the Christmas celebration. 49.
Burning log is a symbol of luck, health and fertility, and also a guard against evil spirits. 50. St Nicholas from Mira became a real prototype Santa Claus.
51. The very first Christmas tree at White House was established in 1856. 52. At the Christmas in Finland it is customary to go to the sauna.
53. On holidays, Australians go to the beach. 54. In honor of Christmas in Spain, the largest lottery is held annually. 55. In England it is customary to bake a festive cake, inside which there must be several items.
If in a piece of pie someone gets a horseshoe, then this is to luck; if the ring is for the wedding, and if the coin is for wealth. 56. On the eve of the holiday Lithuanian Catholics eat only lean food (salads, porridges and other).
57. After the holiday, Lithuanian Catholics are allowed to taste roast goose. 58.
In Germany and England, the main dish of the Christmas table is a roast goose or duck. 59. Pudding, adorned with spruce branches, is one of the main dishes of the festive table in the UK. 60. Tradition of residents of Western countries – a small Christmas tree, standing in the middle of the festive table.
61. In 1819, the writer Washington Irving first described the flight of Santa Claus. 62. In Russia, Christmas began to celebrate in the 20th century. 63. Russians modestly noted Christmas Eve (the day before Christmas), but the holiday itself did not do without mass festivities. 64.
Christmas in Russia was celebrated cheerfully: they played round dances, dressed up as animals. 65. In Russia on Christmas days it was decided to guess at the future. 66. It is believed that the results of divination will be true, because in these days, good and evil spirits help to see the future. 67. A traditional festive wreath consisting of fir tree branches and 4 candles originated from the Lutheran Catholic Church. 68.
The candles on the wreath should be lit this way: first – on Sunday, 4 weeks before Christmas; the rest one on the next weekend. 69. On the night before the feast, all four candles on the wreath should be lit and placed on the table so that the light consecrated the house. 70. It is believed that the happiness of Christmas brings the first guest who will enter the house. 71.
A bad sign is considered if the first to enter a woman or a man with blond hair. 72. The first guest should pass through the house, holding a spruce branch. 73. The first song for Christmas was written in the 4th century AD. 74. Famous Christmas songs were written in Italy in The Renaissance.
75. “Christmas carols”- Christmas carols, translated from English mean” dancing under the clink. ” 76. Kutyu – the main dishes of the festive table.
77. kutyu made from cereals (rice, wheat or barley), as well as chocolates, raisins, nuts and dried fruits. 78.
In the old days kutya was prepared only from cereals and honey. 79. To start a Christmas meal is necessary with kutya. 80.
The tradition of filling stockings with gifts on a holiday came from the story of three poor sisters. The legend says that one daySt Nicholas made his way to them through the chimney and left gold coins in stockings. 81.
The famous Christmas scene with lambs, trees and manger was invented only in the 13th century by Francis. 82. The first cracker was invented in 1847 by sweets vendor Tom Smith. 83.
White candy with red stripes – a symbol of Christmas. Invented her confectioner from Indiana in the 19th century. 84. The white color of the Christmas candy means light and purity, and the three red bars are the Trinity.
85. An interesting fact is that because of the curled end of the candy, it looks like a cane of shepherds, who became the first apostles. 86. If you turn the Christmas candy, it forms the first letter of the name of Jesus: “J” (Jesus). 87. In 1955, employees of one of the stores filed an ad in a newspaper with the phone number of Santa Claus, however, the number was printed with an error. Because of this, a lot of calls arrived at the air defense center.
The workers did not lose their heads, but supported the initiative. 88. In America, it has become a tradition to call Santa Claus. During the conversation, you could find out where he is now. 89. In Sweden, every year on Christmas, a huge straw goat is installed, which every year trying to set fire to vandals.
90. In the Netherlands, on Christmas night, children put a shoe to the fireplace for gifts and put a carrot for a magic horse. 91. Children in Italy receive gifts from a kind fairy. Those who behave badly can get a cabbage leaf.
92. In Italy, celebrate the feast of the Fiesta de la Corretta, during which decorate a large tree, after which it is carried through towns and villages. 93. In Greece, children take to the streets and sing kalends – songs that glorify Christmas. 94. Happy X-mas is a wish of a merry Christmas, which has deep roots. “X” is the first Greek letter of the name of Christ. 95.
In Mexico, a large container with sweets is hung for children, which other Mexicans should smash with their eyes closed with a stick. 96. Christmas is celebrated in France in restaurants. 97.
In 1914, German and British soldiers arranged a truce on the day of Christmas. At that time the soldiers forgot that they were on the front line, sang Christmas songs and danced. 98.
In Canada, the Santa Claus ZIP code is written as: “IT IT”. 99. Writer O’Henry, sitting out in prison, I really wanted to congratulate my daughter on Christmas. That year he first wrote his first story, sending it to the editorial office.
The story was published in the magazine, for which the writer received his first fee, and also congratulated his daughter and became famous.